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ONCLEBAGH, GARRETT (1663-1733): New York silversmith.
OTIS, JONATHAN (1723-1791): Born in Sandwich, Massachusetts. He was a skillful silversmith and an ardent patriot. His business was located in Newport, Rhode Island, until after the Revolutionary War. He died in Middletown, Connecticut.
PALISSY, BERNARD (1510-1589): Noted French potter born in Perigord. He was not only a famous potter, but he holds high position among French writers on natural philosophy, agriculture and religion. He spent sixteen long years in perfecting the enamel surface of pottery, enduring in the meantime, for himself and his family, extreme poverty and other hardships. He was in 1557 rewarded with success, and his ware, bearing in high relief plants and animals colored to represent nature, soon made him famous. It is said that he carved his faience plates as Cellini did his gold and silver work. At the same time he was an ingenious inventor of wonderful processes. He removed to Paris in 1564, and although a Huguenot, he was permitted to establish his workshop in the Tuileries and was specially exempted by Catherine de Medici from the Massacre of St. Bartholomew in 1572. In 1585, he was arrested as a Huguenot, and confined in the Bastille, where he died. Fine specimens of his work are to be seen in the Louvre and in the Musee de Cluny in Paris.
PALLADIO, ANDREA (1518-1580): The great Italian architect of the Renaissance. The word Palladian has been used throughout Europe as the equivalent of the beautiful and excellent in architecture.
PALMER, HUMPHREY: Staffordshire potter located at Hanley. He was the first to apply bas-relief to his black basalt vases (1769). About 1776 he took J. Neale into partnership and called the firm Neale & Company. They copied Wedgwood, Adams and Turner wares.
PARMELEE, EBENEZER: He has the distinction of having made the first town clock erected in New Eng land at Guilford, Connecticut, in 1726. It had but one hand, struck curfew at nine o'clock, and was placed in the church tower where it remained until 1893. It is now in a museum and still going.
PEEL, SIR ROBERT (1750-1830): Born in Lancaster, England. In 1773 he began to manufacture cotton goods, and by his enterprise and remarkable aptitude for business he amassed an enormous fortune. His eldest son, Robert, was a famous English statesman.PENNINGTON, SETH: Perhaps the best known name among the Liverpool potters of the 18th century, mainly for his production of fine bowls, but he is also especially noted for his porcelain.
PHYFE, DUNCAN (1768-1854): New York cabinet-maker who may, very appropriately, be called the American Sheraton. He was a Scotchman by birth and came to this country in 1784. At that time the name was spelled Fife. He began business about 1795 and was very active for about fifty years. In the years 1795 to 1825 he produced his best work. He is the only American cabinet-maker to whom may definitely be attributed any considerable number of pieces. Phyfe excelled in carved ornamentation. See PHYFE STYLE, PART l.
PIERCE, SAMUEL (1768-1840): Pewterer at Greenfield, Massachusetts. His product is characterized primarily by fineness of metal which still retains its pristine perfection. The eagle touch-mark identifies his pewter but that with the initialed touch is rare. Tools used by him were on exhibition in 1935 at the Pewter Club in Boston.
PLYMPTON, CALVIN (1775-1816): Cabinet-maker of Medway, Massachusetts, said to have been an apprentice of Luther Metcalf (q.v.) and himself a good craftsman, whose work was well regarded.
POTWINE, JOHN (1698-1792): Silversmith born in London, but from 1721 to 1737 at work in Boston, whence he removed to Hartford, Connecticut, where he lived for several years, conducting also a general store. In 1754 and until his death he lived in Coventry, Connecticut. His work shows beauty of proportion, careful workmanship and versatility.
PRATT, FELIX: Staffordshire potter, whose work resembled that of the great Italian majolicists. His work is identified by the peculiar blue tinge of the glaze, the style of modeling and the extremely fine quality of the coloring. It was largely imitated by other potters. He was active from about 1780 to 1820.
PULCIFER, FRANCIS (1771-1823): Cabinet-maker of Salem, Massachusetts.
QUARE, DANIEL (1648-1724): London clock' and watch-maker. He was admitted to the Clockmakers' Company in 1671, a warden 1705-07, and Master 1708. In 1687 he placed the minute hand concentric with the hour hand on clocks. In 1695, he obtained a patent for a barometer. His clocks are among the finest timekeepers in the world. A clock by him at Hampton Court goes twelve months with one winding. His reputation is second only to Thomas Tompion (q.v.).
QUINTARD, PETER (1700-1762): Born in New York, where he learned the trade of silversmith. Removed in 1737 to South Norwalk, Connecticut, where he continued his trade until his death. A number of pieces of his well-wrought work are still in existence.
RANDOLPH, BENJAMIN (?-1792): Philadelphia cabinet-maker with a shop in Chestnut Street larger than that of Savery. He was a man of great artistic ability and in design and workmanship his chairs rival those of Chippendale.
REMMEY, JOHN (1706-1762): German potter who came to New York in 1735 and started a pottery, at first in partnership with William Crolius (q.v.) but afterwards alone. The product was a rather heavy stoneware sometimes decorated with cobalt-blue or with incised ornament. The pottery was continued until about 1820 by the son and grandson of John Remmey. This last was a man active in civic affairs, and he also possessed a fine library.
REVERE, PAUL, SENIOR (1702-1754): A French Huguenot born in France and named Apollos Rivoire. He came to Boston in 1718 and was apprenticed to John Coney (q.v.), the silversmith. Following Coney's death he started in business for himself, anglicized his name, and married in 1729 Deborah Hichborn. Paul, junior, was the third of twelve children.
REVERE, PAUL (1735-1818): He was born in Boston and lived there all of his life. Upon the death of his father in 1754 he continued in the business which was to make him the most celebrated silversmith in America. He belonged to several patriotic societies and was an active member of the Boston Tea Party in 1773. He also made a copper plate engraving of the Boston Massacre (1770). In 1775 he made the famous ride which Longfellow has immortalized, and he was otherwise active in support of the American Revolution. In 1780, Revere began again his work in silver which the war had interrupted. He later started a brass and iron foundry, made the copper bolts, spikes and pumps for the Frigate Constitution, and also engaged in making bells, but he is best remembered for the beauty and quality of his silver work, competing in both, as it did, with that of the best English silversmiths. The Museum of Fine Arts in Boston and Metropolitan Museum in New York have fine collections of Revere silver.
RICHARDSON, ELISHA (1743-1798): Cabinet-maker of Franklin, Massachusetts, some of whose work is still preserved in that vicinity. It was all, apparently, of a distinctly utilitarian use.
RICAARDSON, FRANCIS (1681-1729): Philadelphia silversmith born in New York. He was the first American-born silversmith to make silver in Philadelphia, and the business was carried on after his death by his son Joseph (1711-1784) and his two grandsons, Joseph, Jr. (1752-1831) and Nathaniel (1754-1827).
RICHARDSON, GEORGE (1747-1830): Pewterer, located in Boston from 1818 to 1830, where he died. There is evidence that earlier he was at work in Cranston, Rhode Island.
RIDGWAY, JOB (1759-1814): Staffordshire potter located at Hanley in 1794. Later he took his two sons into partnership and after the father's death the firm name was changed to J. & W. Ridgway. This firm produced the "Beauties of America" series, and their "old blue" is much sought after. Descendants of Job Ridgway continued in business in Staffordshire through the 19th century.
RITTENAOUSE, DAVID (1732-1796): Born at Norristown, near Philadelphia, and lived to become the most distinguished of Pennsylvania clock-makers. He started in business when he was but seventeen years old, and made altogether probably not more than 75 clocks. The beauty and quality of these clocks is unsurpassed, and nearly all authentic examples are now in museums. He also made mathematical instruments, and in 1768, he made an orrery (q.v. PART 1) for the University of Pennsylvania, and another was made for Princeton College. A man of many talents, he was professor of astronomy at the Pennsylvania University, 1779-1782, president of the American Philosophical Society, 1790-1796, and in 1795 he was elected an honorary fellow of the Royal Society of London. From 1777 to 1789 he had been state treasurer of Pennsylvania. He was notable politically, socially and mechanically.ROBBIA, LUCA DELLA (?-1482): This talented artist, born about 1400, is a name synonymous with Italian plastic art. Most of his subjects are in high relief, the enamel is fine in quality, beautifully white, opaque and lustrous, and the modelings of his cherubs, especially the faces, which have been left quite unglazed, are really masterpieces. Luca died in 1482 and was succeeded by two generations of artists who followed his style of work for about fifty years. Some of these later productions were so good as to be confounded with the product of the master.
ROUSE, WILLIAM (1639-1704): Boston silversmith. Few examples of his work are known to be in existence today, but those give evidence of excellent workmanship. At his death, his estate was appraised by John Coney.