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MANSFIELD, JOHN (1601-1674): The earliest silversmith on record in this country, although no example of his work is known. He arrived in Boston in 1634 and it is probable that John Hull may have learned his trade from him.
MANWARING, ROBERT: A London cabinet-maker of the 18th century, who made a specialty of chairs. His best work showed artistic treatment and there was much attention to the detail of ornament. He was one of the leading spirits of the Society of Upholsterers and Cabinet Makers, and in 1765 published The Cabinet and Chair Maker's Real Friend and Companion. In nearly all of his drawings there is a marked similarity to those of Chippendale. He was superior to many of the less celebrated chair-makers.
MAROT, DANIEL (1661-1720): A French Huguenot cabinet-maker, born in Paris and a pupil of Jean Le Pautre (q.v.), whose style he closely followed. He went to Holland in 1686, thence to England when the Prince of Orange became England's King William III. His designs were founded on the school of Charles Le Brun (q.v. ) and his style in England shows a blending of Dutch and French design. Although it is disputed that he ever visited England, he became the most prominent figure of his time in the development of English furniture, and he exerted the greatest influence in forming the styles of the Queen Anne period. The work at Hampton Court Palace was designed and supervised by Marot and Sir Christopher Wren, and Marot also designed most of the furniture. The majority of the rooms and grounds are still practically in the same condition as when they were inhabited by William and Mary. Marot made a great use of upholstery, which was an exceedingly important part of decoration at that period.
MARTIN: Three brothers of this name, Julian, Robert, and Simon-Etienne, began the manufacture near Paris in 1723 of a transparent varnish resembling Chinese lacquer, the secret for which one of them had discovered while working for a Dutch inventor. This varnish, which was called Vernis-Martin, was taken under national protection and became famous for its lacquer-like qualities, and was extensively used on the best furniture of the Louis XV period. After the death of Robert in 1765, the business dwindled.
MAYER, ELIJAH (?-1818): English potter at Hanley, Staffordshire, who produced black basalt tea ware, both glazed and unglazed, cream ware equal to that of Wedgwood in body, shape and decoration. He takes a high rank among English potters.
MAYHEW AND INCE: See INCE and MAYHEW.
MCINTIRE, SAMUEL (1757-1811): Born in Salem, Massachusetts, and lived there all his life. He was noted for his carved work, done in the style of Sir Christopher Wren and the Adam brothers. Probably the carving done by him on furniture has never been surpassed by anyone in America. He was also noted for his work on mantels, doors, cornices and other interior work.
MCINTIRE, SAMUEL FIELD: Son of above, also a Salem carver.
MEAD, ABRAHAM (1742-1827): A potter of Greenwich, Connecticut. He made salt-glazed, grey stoneware jugs, crocks, bean-pots, jars and other household utensils. During the Revolution he was a Captain, and assisted in the defense of New York. Later, he became a Deacon in the Greenwich Second Congregational Church.
MEISSONNIER, JUSTE A. (1675-1750): French designer of furniture in the Louis XV period, whose style evidently influenced Chippendale. He was a master of "rocaille" ornament and of the use of curved lines. Meissonnier, native of Turin, pupil of the Italian Boromini, was also an architect and goldsmith.
MELVILLE, DAVID (1755-1793): Pewterer of Newport, Rhode Island, and of good reputation as a craftsman. After his death, his son Thomas continued making pewter.
METCALF, JOSEPH (1765-1849): A brother of Luther Metcalf and himself a good cabinet-maker of Medway, Massachusetts.
METCALF, LUTHER (1756-1838): Cabinet-maker who began work in Medway, Massachusetts, about 1780, after service in the Revolutionary War. He pursued his trade with success and produced some excellent pieces of cabinet work which are still in use by descendants of the original owners.
MILLER, ABRAHAM (?-1858): One of the most progressive American potters of his day. His factory was in Philadelphia, and he was probably the first potter in this country to make lustre ware, which had become so prominent in England. He was also one of the first to make porcelain, although for some reason he never produced it for the market. His factory was established about 1791 and continued in operation for many years. His staple productions were red, yellow, Rockingham, and a limited quantity of white ware, all for domestic use.
MILLS AND DEMING: New York cabinet-makers, last decade 18th century.
MINOTT, SAMUEL (1732-1803): Boston silversmith.
MINTON, THOMAS (1765-1836): Master English potter, employed first at Caughley, then at Stoke-on-Trent by Spode. He started in business in 1796 and at first made only earthenware, but later made porcelain, also. After his death the works were carried on by his son and the firm is still in existence.
MONROE, NATHANIEL: See MUNROE.
MOULTON, WILLIAM (1664-1732): Silversmith of Newbury, Massachusetts. His son Joseph (1694-1756) and five succeeding generations carried on the same line of business. They monopolized the trade in their vicinity for 120 years.
MULLIKEN, SAMUEL (1720-1756): One of the early New England clock-makers, located at Newbury, Massachusetts, and of good reputation. He was succeeded by his son Jonathan (?-1782) and his grandson, who made clocks in Newbury until about 1807.
MUNROE, NATHANIEL: Clock-maker of Concord, Massachusetts, who worked in company with his brother Daniel from 1800 to 1808 and with Samuel Whiting from 1808 to 1817. Munroe also had an extensive brass foundry where he made bells, clock movements, etc.
MYERS, MIER (1723-1795): New York. Most prominent early Jewish silversmith. He made the plate for the synagogue at Newport, Rhode Island, and he was president of the New York Silversmiths' Society in 1776.