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LAMERIE, PAUL (?-1751): French silversmith who went to England following the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes. His work in the Rococo style was so good that he stands first in the effect of foreign influence upon the silverware of the 18th century in England. His work was copied long after his death and pieces bearing his mark bring very high prices.
LANNUIER, CHARLES HONORE (1779-1819): Born in Chantilly, France, he came to New York in 1790, where from 1805 until his death he conducted a cabinetmaker's business. He is said to have been the peer of Duncan Phyfe, and that master's chief competitor. Much work attributed to Phyfe was probably by him. After the death of Lannuier, his foreman, J. Gruez, carried on the business until about 1824.
LE BRUN, CHARLES (1619-1690): Famous French artist and designer, considered to have been the founder of modern French art. Appointed in 1662 painter to the King, Louis XIV, he decorated the Gallery of Apollo in the Louvre, following which he became the director of the Gobelin tapestry works, where he made cartoons for those famous tapestries. He was an indefatigable worker, never yielding to flattery, and at his death left a remarkable record of accomplishment in many branches of art. He was, perhaps, the greatest genius in decorative art of modern times.
LEE, RICHARD (1747-1823): American pewterer born in Scituate, Rhode Island. He removed first to Lanesboro, Massachusetts, and later to Vermont. He is said to have made pewter buttons for the American army during the Revolution. Specimens of his work are very rare. His son, also Richard, made pewter and brass utensils.
LEIGHTON, THOMAS (1786-1849): Glass-worker, born in Birmingham, England, who came to this country in 1826 to work for the New England Glass Company at Cambridge as "gaffer" (superintendent or foreman), where he remained until his death. His son John succeeded him as "gaffer," which position he retained until 1874.
LE PAUTRE, JEAN (?-1682): French cabinet-maker born in Paris. His works, published in 1731, are full of French Renaissance details which were doubtless of considerable influence upon English cabinet-makers, especially those who, like Chippendale, produced florid carving effects. A master carver himself, he supplied the models for most of the wood carvers of his day. All of his designs are heavy in form.
LE ROUX, BARTHOLOMEW (?-1713): Best known of the Huguenot silversmiths who came from France and lccated in New York. He was father-inlaw of Peter Van Dyck (q.v.).
LE ROUX, CHARLES (1689-1745): Son of Bartholomew Le Roux and a good craftsman. He was for several years official silversmith of New York.
LISTER, THOMAS (1718-1779): English clock-maker, native of Luddenden, Yorkshire. His son, also Thomas (1745-1814), was a clock-maker of Halifax, England, for 42 years, where he made long-case clocks of excellent quality both as to case and movement. On the inside of the door he (the son) was accustomed to place a label reading:
Lo! here I stand by thee I give thee warning day and night; For every tick that I do give Cuts short the time thou bast to live. Therefore, a warning take by me, To serve thy God as I serve thee: Each day and night be on thy guard, And thou shalt have a just reward.
LLOYD, WILLIAM (1779-1845): Cabinet-maker of Springfield, Massachusetts, whose work in the first quarter of the 19th century ranks him among the good cabinet-makers of his time. His label appears on several pieces of his earlier work. His later work is less satisfactory.
LOCK, MATTHIAS: An English designer of furniture, who had at one time a furniture workshop in London. He was a man of artistic attainments with pen and pencil, and also an etcher who engraved his own plates. Associated with a man named Copeland, he published Original Designs for Furniture, which appeared at intervals between 1740 and 1765. Another was the Book of Ornaments, in which his designs for mirror frames were particularly good.
LORING, JOSEPH (1743-1815): Boston silversmith.
L'ORME, PHILIBERT DE: See DE L'ORME, PHILIBERT. Also spelled as one word, DELORME.
LUKENS, ISAIAH (1779-1846): A clock-maker at Philadelphia who was not only a highly skilled craftsman, but a man of considerable scientific ability. He made the clock now on Independence Hall, and others of his clocks are in use today.