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Biography (H) - Encylopedia Of Antiques

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HAMLIN, SAMUELL: Pewterer at Newport, Rhode Island, active last quarter of the 18th century.

HANCOCK, JOHN (?-1842): Reputed to have been the first potter to make bronze (copper) lustre ware at Staffordshire. He came to America in 1828 and operated potteries successfully at South Amboy, New Jersey, Louisville, Kentucky, and East Liverpool, Ohio, where he died.

HANCOCK, JOSEPH: About 1750 while experimenting at Sheffield, England, with the process of combining silver and copper discovered by Thomas Boulsover (q.v.), he began the manufacture of small articles of silver plate on copper, which eventually grew to a great industry. See SHEFFIELD PLATE, PART 5.

HANCOCK, ROBERT (1730-1817): An engraver of designs for transfer printing on porcelain. He was at the Worcester factory in 1757, and is said to have done work for Bow and for Lowdin's Bristol factory. He was afterwards associated (1775) with the Caughley factory.

HARGREAVES, JAMES (?-1788): The inventor of the spinning-jenny (q.v. PART 4) was an illiterate weaver, who helped Robert Peel in 1760 in the construction of a carding machine. In 1764 he invented the spinning jenny, named for his daughter, and later erected a spinning mill, and continued to carry on business as a yarn manufacturer until his death.

HARLAND, THOMAS (1735-1807): Clock-maker from London who settled in Norwich, Connecticut, in 1773 and made clocks there with brass works, equal to those previously imparted from England. He became the foremost clock maker of his day in this country, and Daniel Burnap (q.v.) and Eli Terry (q.v.) were among his apprentices.

HARRISON, JOHN (1693-1776): English clock-maker of Yorkshire, who invented a chronometer that would permit longitude to be taken at sea and for which he was paid by Act of Parliament L2,000. He was one of the greatest horologists of England. There is a long-case clock with wooden wheels and pinions by him in the Guildhall Museum in London.

HEMPHILL, JOSEPH (1770-1842): A partner of William Ellis Tucker (q.v.) at Philadelphia in the first successful production of American porcelain, and proprietor of the factory after the death of Mr. Tucker in 1832 until it was closed in 1836.

HENCHMAN, DANIEL (1730-1775): Boston silversmith. His Governor Wentworth punch bawl is now owned by Dartmouth College.

HENDRICKS, AIIASUERUS: The first recorded silversmith in New York (1675).

HEPPLEWHITE, GEORGE (?-1786): English cabinet-maker located at St. Giles, Cripplegate, London. Of his early life but little is known. He was the second of the great English cabinetmakers to make a distinct impression upon the styles of the period. His work was lighter and more graceful than that of Chippendale, and he undoubtedly derived most of his classic feeling from the designs of the brothers Adam. Hepplewhite is credited, with Thomas Shearer, a contemporary, with originating the design of the sideboard, which displaced the table and separate pedestals then in use. After his death in 1786, his widow Alice and her partners carried on the business under the name of A. Hepplewhite & Company, and in 1788 published in book form the designs of George Hepplewhite, under the title of The Cabinet Maker and Upholsterer's Guide, which became popular and went into several editions. It was a valuable addition to the literature of cabinet-making.

HEWES, ROBERT (1751-1830): Born in Boston and identified with the glass factory at Temple, New Hampshire, which he started in 1780. This enterprise was not successful and Hewes returned to Boston, where in 1787 he became one of the organizers of the Essex Glass Works (q.v. PART 3). Hewes was a man of versatile accomplishments, an expert fencer, familiar with surgery and with a peculiar talent for bone-setting.

HEWSON, JO: An Englishman who came to Philadelphia in 1774 under the auspices of Benjamin Franklin. He was the first calico printer of record there and he maintained his industry until his death, after which it was carried on until 1823 by his son John, Jr.

HITCHCOCK, LAMBERT (1795-1852): Chairmaker, whose name has been given to chairs of a type said to have been first manufactured by him and afterwards widely copied by other makers. He came from Cheshire, Connecticut, in 1818 to a town afterwards called Hitchcocksville in his honor, and still later changed to Riverton, the name it now bears. In 1826 he erected a factory there and began making "fancy" chairs with stenciled instead of painted decorations on a ground usually painted black, which business was successful for several years. Other makers of chairs made a similar product and undersold him, and owing to this competition he made an assignment, and in 1843 started the Unionville Chair Company, which was unsuccessful. Owing to the superior quality of the Hitchcock chair, his name is applied to all chairs of the same type and period.

HOADLEY, LUTHER and SAMUEL: Makers of wooden clocks at Winsted, Connecticut, active from 1807 to 1813.

HOADLEY, SILAS (1786-1870): One of the leading figures in the Connecticut clock-making industry. He began work in 1809 with Eli Terry (q.v.) at Plymouth and continued until 1849, at which time he retired from business, having made a fortune during the forty years of activity. His product was highly regarded and today his clocks are rare.

HOLLINS, SAMUEL (1774-1816): English potter of Shelton, Staffordshire. Noted for his red and chocolate-colored unglazed ware decorated with ornament in the Elers manner. He also produced some fine examples of jasper ware.

HOMES, WILLIAM (1717-1783): Boston. Known as the "honest" silversmith.

HOOK, WILLIAM (1777-1867): One of the leading cabinet-makers of Salem, Massachusetts. He started in business in 1800, and in the ensuing years he made furniture of excellent quality and workmanship for many of the leading families in Salem and the vicinity.

HOPKINS, GERRARD (?-1796): Cabinet-maker at Baltimore, Maryland, for about thirty years. He learned his trade in Philadelphia and all of his later work shows the influence of his training there. His furniture was plainly but substantially built, with but little carving.

HOWARD, EDWARD (1813-?): Founder in 1861 of the E. Howard Clock Co. at Roxbury, Massachusetts, and maker of clocks and watches of excellent quality. The company is still in existence. Howard was an apprentice of Aaron Willard, Jr. He retired in 1882.

HULL, JOHN (1624-1683): Born in Leicestershire, England, he came to Boston in 1635. One of the first Colonial silversmiths he was also appointed mint-master in 1652, in which year Robert Sanderson (q.v.) became his partner. For thirty years these two coined silver for local circulation. The "Pine Tree" shilling and a sixpence were the first coins made in America. The dies for these coins were made by Joseph Jenks of Lynn, the first Colonial iron-founder. Hull, became a great and prosperous merchant, and some authorities are of the opinion that to Sanderson should be given a large share of the credit for the silverware produced, although while Hull lived most of the silver made bore the marks of both men.

HUNNEMAN, WILLIAM C. (1769-1856): Brass-worker of Boston who had been an apprentice of Paul Revere. He made andirons, bells, kettles, candlesticks, warming-pans and other household utensils. He also furnished brass works for clocks for Simon Willard, and also supplied some of the brass fittings for the Frigate Constitution, while she was building.

HURRD, JACOB (1702-1758): A Boston silversmith and one of the largest producers of his time, all of whose work was excellent in quality and design. After his death, his son Nathaniel (1729-1777) carried on the business, but he was more noted as an engraver and designer of bookplates.

HUTCHINS, ABEL and LEVI: Clock-makers at Concord, New Hampshire, who had been apprentices of Simon Willard. They were active from about 1788 to 1819.

HUTTON, ISAAC (1767-1855): Silversmith at Albany, New York.