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DANFORTH, THOMAS (1703-1786): One of the earliest Colonial pewterers, at first at Taunton, Massachusetts, later of Norwich, Connecticut. His pieces show skillful craftsmanship and are treasured by collectors. He retired from active work in 1773. Twelve of his descendants followed the pewterer's trade, of whom Thomas Danforth Boardman (q.v.) was one. The family was active over a hundred years.
DARLY, MATTHIAS: An engraver in London and designer of furniture, 18th century. Many of Chippendale's Director plates and those of Ince and Mayhew's System were engraved by him. He published Chinese Designs in 1754, which doubtless influenced Chippendale's Chinese style.
DAVENPORT, JOHN (?-1834): Staffordshire potter who began work at Longport in 1793. He claims more attention as a maker of porcelain than of earthenware, but his earthenware is highly regarded by collectors. See DAVENPORT WARE, PART 2.
DE L'ORME, PHILIBERT (?-1572): French designer and carver of stone chimney-pieces, gargoyles and capitals.
DISBROWE, NICHOLAS (1612-1683): Born in Walden, Essex, England. Came early to America and settled at Hartford, Connecticut, as a joiner. He is given credit for the design for the Connecticut "sunflower" chest. The chest marked "Mary Allens chist cutte and joyned by Nick Disbrowe" is the earliest piece of American furniture for which the maker's name is given.
DIXWELL, JOHN (1680-1715): Silversmith born in New Haven, the son of Col. John Dixwell, the regicide. He removed to Boston in 1698 and learned the trade of silversmith. He also became active in the affairs of his time and a deacon of the North Church in Boston.
DOGGETT, JOHN: Cabinet-maker of Roxbury, Massachusetts. He was also a carver and gilder. He made clock cases for Simon Willard and carved and gilded the ornaments for them and supplied the glass. Aaron Willard and his son also employed him for similar work, and he did work for the Derbys at Salem.
DORFLEIN, PHILIP (1816=1896): A maker of metal molds for glass works, who began work in Philadelphia in 1842. He originated a large number of bottle designs with portraits of prominent men. He was one of the best known mold cutters in the trade.
DOWNS, EPHRAIM: Clock-maker at Bristol, Connecticut, active from 1811 to 1843.
DUESBURY, WILLIAM (?-1786): Son of a Longton Hall potter, for some years prior to 1755 he had been a china painter in London. With the financial aid of John Heath he organized the Derby Porcelain Works in 1756. in 1770 he purchased the Chelsea factory and in 1776 the Bow China Works.He was one of the most influential figures in early English porcelain history.
DUFFIELD, EDWARD (1720-1801): Pennsylvania clock-maker of Lower Dublin and a friend of Benjamin Franklin, who made him the sole executor of his estate. Duffleld's clocks were distinguished for good workmanship and good timekeeping.
DUMMER, JEREMIAH (1645-1718): A Colonial silversmith, in his youth apprentice to John Hull at Boston. He started in business in 1666, in which he was successful, and he was also a merchant and interested in civic affairs. Also, there are several disputed portraits attributed to him. The fluted band on a plain surface characterized his work. He was a prolific and powerful craftsman, and one hundred and nine pieces listed as made by him have been preserved. He made tankards, beakers, porringers, caudle cups, and various other objects for sacred and secular use. A pair of candlesticks made by him are the earliest known candlesticks made by Colonial silversmiths.
DUNHAM, RUFUS: Made pewter and Britannia ware in Westbrook, Maine.
DWIGHT, JOHN (1638?-1703): One of the greatest of English potters, and to him must, perhaps, be attributed the foundation of an important industry. Between 1671 and 1676 he settled at Fulham and established his pottery works there, with the product known as Fulham ware (q.v., PART 2). Aside from the usual earthenware, noted for its fine modeling, he made a fine white stoneware resembling porcelain, and stoneware jugs of the Cologne type. Another specialty was making busts and figures. According to Professor Church he stands at the head of all English potters in that field. His portrait bust of Prince Rupert, life size, is regarded as the finest piece of pottery modeling in the world. DWIGHT, TIMOTHY (1654-1691) Silversmith of Boston. It is thought that he was one of the apprentices of John Hull. His work is very well regarded.
DYOTT, THOMAS W. (1771-1861): Born in England, and came to this country in 1795. He was an early promoter, if not the originator, of the "patent medicine" business in this country. A self-styled doctor, he was also one of the most interesting characters in the glass-making industry. After making a fortune in selling drugs and medicines, in which activity he used great quantities of bottles, he bought in 1831 the Kensington Glass Works, changed its name to the Dyottville Glass Works (q.v. PART 3), and continued its operation for several years. In 1838 he was forced into bankruptcy and retired from active business, but the factory continued in operation and is still in existence.