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Two Patterns In Flow Blue
( Article orginally published November 1962 )
Davenport's "AMOY"The Davenport business was founded in Longport, Staffordshire, in 1793 by John Davenport (1765-1848), and continued by his sons and grandson until 1882. At one time the firm controlled four potteries in Longport and one in Stoke. The Davenports made earthenware in various grades (including creamware, stone china, and ironstone), stoneware, bone china, and glass. Two patterns in flow blue by the Davenports have been recorded Rhine and Amoy. The latter is the best known, and apparently it occurs only in flow blue. Examples listed include plates in various sizes, eightsided piatters, various serving pieces, tea and coffee pots, and twelve-sided handleless cups. The pattern was produced during the decade 1840 to 1850; the writer has examined examples made in 1844 and 1848.
Illustrated is a 15 1/2 x 12" ironstone platter, printed underglaze in dark flow blue. It bears two marks: a cartouche enclosing AMOY, above DAVENPORT, printed underglaze in blue, shown above; and DAVENPORT in an are above an anchor, impressed. This impressed mark is characteristic on Davenport's ironstone china.
The pattern name, suggested by the Chinese elements in the design, refers to the Chinese port city known in the nineteenth century as a center of the tea trade.
Edward Challinor, a staffordshire potter who enjoyed a long and complicated career (he was active for over 50 years, and was owner of or partner in several different firms), exported a quantity of ironstone to this country, in a variety of styles.
Illustrated is a 10 x 7 1/2" platter, printed with the "Pelew" pattern in flow blue. It bears the mark IRONSTONE/cartouche bearing PELEW/E. CHALLINOR, printed underglaze in flow blue. The pattern also occurs about as frequently in mulberry. It was probably produced during Challinor's tenancy of the Overhouse Works, Burslem, from 1819 to about 1850. Body, style, and colors used indicate production during the decade 1840-50. Recorded examples suggest that dinner, tea, and toilet sets were made in both colors.