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Soon after the Civil War, acid baths or sprays were used in various ways to decorate both blown and pressed ware. The terms "Camphor," "Satin," and "Frosted" have been applied to this glass, but Frosted is more generally accepted. An early and attractive use of acid etching on clear glass is found in patterns such as Coin and Frosted Leaf and the more showy Lion, Westward Ho, and Jumbo.
Extremely popular in the 1890s was a clear patterned glass brushed with a ruby stain. There was also a great deal of enameling done on both opaque and colored transparent glass. Gilt was freely used on edges, on patterns, anywhere to make a piece appear richer. In much of the enameled and gilded Victorian glassware poor workmanship spoiled the decorations.
Opalescent glass was used somewhat during the first half of the nineteenth century. A milky iridescence is found in this earlier ware, but not in later glass made from heat-sensitive opal formulas. The latter usually has an opaque pattern on a transparent background. The popular Hobnail glass was first called Opalescent Dewdrop. The earliest pieces of it were blown, but later the improved pressing method produced a more even effect. The opacity of the nodules (protruding knobs which give it the name Hobnail), is due to the cooling and reheating of the article. Polka Dot and Opaque Fern were popular types of the later pressed ware. Still another use of the heat sensitive opal glass was to imitate Overlay ware which was cut by hand.