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Baccarat Manufacture Of Fine Cut Crystal
Baccarat. The Compagnie des Cristalleries de Baccarat, Muerthe et Moselle, France, is one of France's oldest and finest glass manufactories. Their infinitely varied activities range from architectural and gross ornamental pieces to dainty stemware. Baccarat decorative styles include numerous adaptations of prismatic forms and considerable use of a wider more sweeping type. In much of their ware they accept the purity of the crystal with little attempt at accentuation, permitting the decorative cuts to follow rather a design of limited prismatic effect.
The Baccarat artists in their cut crystal have completely over-stepped many of the traditional limitations imposed by glass, achieving a heightened vitality which emanates from subtly calculated sources, especially noticeable in the work of A. Bullet and G. Chevalier.
Saint Louis. The Verrerie de la Compagnie des Cristalleries de Saint Louis is a branch of the Baccarat firm. One of their specialties is a layered dark crystal glass. One of Galle's pupils, an artist named Nicholas, has engraved much of this ware. The stamp of the Saint Louis works and the influence of Maurice Defrene are noticeably evident in the glass of the Paris shops.
Verlys was originated in France by the Societe Anonyme Holophane, for many years manufacturers of prismatic lighting glassware. Their first production of Verlys, about 1931, was the direct result of a plan for complete utilization of production capacity which was not employed in the manufacture of lighting glassware.
Verlys, which is of both blown and molded types, is essentially a decorative glass. For the most part it is lime base, though lead occasionally is used for technical purposes.
Color within the glass-never applied color-is their decorative means of enhancing molded and blown shapes. Heatherish purple vitalizes a thistle motif; an aqueous opal escence lends realism to water subjects, such as lily designs and sea shells, or highly stylized fish and water fowl; while other things of nature are crystallized in amber, topaz, rose and blues, through the magic of the Verlys palette.
Although relatively new in the field of novelty glass, Verlys has achieved a respected position.