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Daum Brothers Glass Works
The Daum Brothers Glass Works at Nancy go back to 1875 when Auguste and Antonin Daum, sometime students of Galle, started their glass experimentation. Their earliest efforts were with gold ornamentation, then Arabian glass decorated with scrolls and gold leaves. Following their "Egyptian" glass near the end of the nineteenth century they produced a colored glass by the "flushed" process, which has always been a Daum favorite. Almost from the beginning the brothers Daum have done acid etching and today they characterize most of their heavy pieces with the deep indentations of heavy engraving of the Galle type; and naturally they have been influenced by the remarkable acid work of Marinot.
Henri Navarre's work also has been with heavy glass of massive shapes. He gets an unusual X-ray effect by uneven blotches of color in the inner glass. His work is not dissimilar to that of Marmot, but perhaps less individual.
The exquisite enamelled glass of Warcel Goupy has given him high rank among French artists. In his decorative designs the composition is always impelling in its balance though his work never reflects any pedantic slavery to art precepts. The vitrifiable color glaze, which he perfected in 1925, imparts an interesting marbling and iridescence to the glass.
Jean Luce, modernist, largely foregoes the use of figures and relief in his decorations, relying almost wholly on geometric designs and impersonal motifs for effects. Originally his glass decorations were for the most part enamels, but gradually he has added other processes. Many of his modern designs are executed by means of the sand blast which is quite adapted to regular curves and straight lines. Occasionally his arcs and angles give way to less modern lighter pieces adorned with gay flowers and bouquets, but essentially his work is ultra-modern. Luce brought his art to glass. He was not a glass craftsman. Despite this, he has instinctively sensed the limitations and possibilities, and has succeeded in adapting his ideas to glass in effective designs. To those who do not lean his way, some of Luce's curves and cubes are mere crystallized pothooks and nursery blocks but to the "modern" his ideas are approaching a true beauty which will endure.
Jean Sala is one of the few who personally follow the glass from the pre-furnace stage to completion, working decorations into the blown glass while it is hot. Hence his glass is full of originality and cleverness, much of which naturally due to the necessary spontaneity entailed by the procedure. The fish motif is one of his favorites. Other French artists of note in the glass field are M. Dufrene, M. Pissaro, H. Farge, and L. Vuitton, exponent of Negro art. Jean Letard's designs are in the modern manner; especially interesting are his pieces of simple design on plain silver bases.