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American Cut Glass Patterns
( Article orginally published December 1963 )
George E. Hatch, assignor to the Meriden Flint Glass Company of Meriden, Connecticut (later to become part of the International Silver Plate Company of Meriden) on September 19, 1882, patented two very handsome designs for cut glass articles. The first, Patent #13,300, was a two-part fruit bowl and stand. The second, #13,301, patented at the same time, was a design for a two-part vase and stand. The plates or stands on which the fruit bowl and vase rest were also to be used as fruit or flower bowls. In each of the designs Mr. Hatch used what he termed "rose" and "lozenge" shaped cutting designs; prismatic step-cutting embellishes the central standard. Illustrations shown here were taken from the photographs which accompanied Mr. Hatch's patent papers.
Later, Mr. Hatch set up in business for himself as Hatch & Company of Brooklyn, New York. The first design for cut glass which he assigned to his newly organized cutting shop was registered October 26, 1886, Patent #16,952. The rather simple design shown in the illustration consists mainly of deeply cut grooves alternating with panels of hatch-work cutting. A design of this character demands the finest quality crystal otherwise it would have little sparkle or reflective powers.
The firm of J. S. Hibbler, also known as Hibbler and Rauch, and Hibbler & Company, was located in Brooklyn, New York. On February 1, 1887, Daniel Forbes of Brooklyn, assigned a design for "Ornamentation of Glassware", Patent #17,086, to George H. Hibbler of Brooklyn, New York. He described the design as consisting of "rosettes" and "hobnails," disposed and arranged in horizontal and inclined bands, so that in each band the hobnails are separated by a pair of rosettes. (This is not pictured here.)
On August 1, 1893, he patented designs for two cut glass dishes. Though these were not assigned to Hibbler's firm, we believe they were produced by them, since Forbes is not on record as having worked out designs for cut glass for any other firm. The main feature of Design Patent --t22,662, is the six-pointed star in the central motif ornamented with hatchwork cutting and diamond-shaped rosettes, and surrounded by prismatic rosettes, both large and small. The center of the "star" is formed with a prismatic rosette of large proportions.
The second design, #22,663, is reminiscent of a Rose stained glass window, cut with prismatic rosettes and hatch-work in a cinquefoil figure.
According to Mrs. Daniels (Cut and Engraved Glass), the Hibbler firm was a continuation of the Plymouth Street Works founded by Christian Dorflinger. They produced fine cut and engraved glass. Mr. Forbes' beautiful designs make this quite apparent.