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The term "Federal" refers to the years following the Revolutionary War against England when our young Federation of the thirteen states won Independence. This period is generally considered from 1776 to 1830.
There was a turning away from things English then, so during this time French influence was felt through Empire styles. American cabinetmakers adapted the currently fashionable French Empire into a more suitable version: American Empire.
The bald eagle, a symbolic emblem of our new nation, gained immense popularity and was used frequently. Stars often appeared, generally in the number of thirteen. Red, white and blue became a familiar color combination.