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Methods Of Tone Drawing
LOOKING through a bundle of magazines taken haphazard is likely to be a tedious business, particularly where 'wash' illustrations predominate. The temptation to exact and full representation of appearances gives a photographic effect that has no interest except its content - the artist in such cases being nothing but an inferior kind of camera - or if the effort is made to give dramatic effect by forcing the light and shade, we are at once aware of the falsity as of a negative at once under and over exposed in patches.
Coloured Illustrations & 'Make-Up'
THE facility with which any work in colour can be reproduced by the three-colour process, whether intended for reproduction or not, has so popularized colour books that attention might againbe paid by artists to a more selective and arbitrary treatment of colour than is absolutely necessary where practically any colour is mechanically reproducible.
Authors And Illustrations
THE literary man, and even editors sometimes, have strange notions of what is proper to the illustrator's function. It is an authentic fact that a well-known editor commissioned an artist to make a drawing showing the British Possessions all round the globe by leaving out the shadows. Dickens, as is well known, set great store by the illustrations of his novels, and perhaps this is not to be wondered at since the Pickwick Papers were begun as letterpress to accompany drawings ; though this process was soon reversed.
Transitional Times And Opinions
THE nineties was a time of rapid transition from an order that seemed to have set in like a wet night after a summer afternoon. The great Victorians, such as survived, had outlived their work ;but they still cast a shadow over their descendants so that these seemed to belong to a smaller generation.Meredith and Hardy did not come into their own out of the shadow of the names of Dickens and Thackeray till then.
Truth To Life
NO matter how untrue to life a story may be, the artist can dismiss this from his mind, and treat the characters as realities, not as puppets ; put life into them and contrive at least to give a picture of the period. There is a general lack of liveliness in our books and magazines as though the life of Britain supplied hardly more than two or three stock types of a theatrical order.
Blake On Imagination
THE popular idea of imagination is of something vague, undefined and illogical, generally associated with stars, clouds, and rainbows, or the sticking of a pair of goose-wings on a pretty girl in white and calling the result an angel. This is a mistake. Imagination is not wool-gathering, but is a clear-minded and rational act, even though it may sometimes proceed by logarithm...
Emotional Quality Of Vision
A CONSIDERATION that comes into the question of the content, as apart from the actual style and accent with which it is set forth, is how near it comes to the artist's own preoccupations. His setting out of this is likely to be passionate or impersonal in exact proportion to these preoccupations, and the artistic value of his work will depend largely upon the quality of this interest. I remember seeing a painting by a policeman of his little kitchen sitting-room...
Great Literature Not Necessarily More Inspiring Than Poor
IT should be realized that Shakespeare's plays offer no finer opportunities to the illustrator than any other work of a dramatic character. It is true that in practice an illustrator finds stimulus to his art from his enjoyment of particular authors or passages. He may have a penchant for costume of a certain period, or for a particular type of character ; but if his literary sense should lead...
Necessity For Accuracy Of Reference To Text
THE illustrator should keep his text handy to refer to at all times, or he will fall into small errors of detail that ten members of the public will notice, ninety-nine per cent. of whom will write to the papers, the editors, and the publishers about, asking why so incompetent a person is allowed to exist.
Illustration Of Modern Plays
IT is worth considering whether a better service might not be performed to Literature and Art, and the illustrator be better employed, if publishers were frequently to issue illustrated editions of modern plays. Many people find a difficulty in reading these, as they lack the objective dramatic sense, which is one of the simplest the illustrator can be called upon to supply.
Children's Books
MUCH might be written, and has indeed been written, on the subject of illustrated books for children, but nothing more illuminating than the conversation recorded by Mr. Edward Johnstonin an early number of The Imprint.Children love lots of facts in a drawing, and their relation one to another is of little importance to them. Mr. Johnston's little daughter...
The Print Room
An effect of solidity is achieved by the merest hint of light and shade, and the rounding-off of angles in the silhouettes,and the display of Ming Dynasty and Rajput paintings, push past the unpretentious and silent swing door of the Print Room, where lies stored the summary of the artistic product of the world. A bell rings as the door swings to, and mild-eyed old gentlemen with white beards look up from the portfolios like patient ruminant kine in a byre as you tread softly to your place to begin your spiritual adventure.
Introduction
OUR earth is but as an atom in space, a star amongst stars. Yet, to us who inhabit it, it is still without bounds, as it was in the time of our barbarian ancestors. Nor can we foresee the period when the whole of its surface will be known to us. We have been taught by astronomers and geodesists that our planet is a sphere flattened at the poles, and physical geographers and meteorologists have...
Europe - Geographical Importance
IN the geography of the world the first place is claimed for Europe not because of prejudice like that of the Chinese, but as a matter of right. Europe as yet is the only continent the whole of whose surface has been scientifically explored. It possesses a map approximately correct, and its material resources are almost fully known to us.
Europe - Extent And Boundaries
THE dwellers on the eastern shores of the Mediterranean Sea must have learnt, in the course of their first warlike and commercial expeditions, to distinguish between the great continents ; for within the nucleus of the ancient world Africa is attached to Asia by a narrow band of arid sand, and Europe separated from Asia Minor by seas and channels difficult to navigate on account of dangerous currents...
Europe - Natural Divisions And Mountains
Europe alluded to includes Franee, Germany, England, and the three Mediterranean peninsulas, and constitutes several natural divisions. The British Islands form one of these. The Iberian peninsula is separated scarcely less distinctly from the remainder of Europe, for between it and France rises a most formidable range of mountains, the most difficult to cross in all Europe...
Europe - The Maritime Regions
THE valleys which radiate in all directions from the great central masses of the Alps are admirably adapted for imparting to almost the whole of Europe a remarkable unity, whilst they offer, at the same time, an extreme variety of aspects and of physical conditions. The Po, the Rhone, the Rhine, and the Danube traverse countries having the most diverse climates, and yet they have their sources in...
Europe - Climate
THE influence exercised by the relief of the land and the configuration of the coasts varies in different ages, but that of climate is permanent. In this respect Europe is the most favoured region of the earth, for during a cycle of unknown length it has enjoyed a climate at once the most temperate, the most equable, and the most healthy of all continents.
Europe - Inhabitants
A STUDY of the soil and a patient observation of climatic phenomena enable us to appreciate the general influence exercised by the nature of the country upon the development of its inhabitants; but it is more difficult to assign to each race or nation its due share in the progress of European civilisation.
The Mediterranean - Hydroiogy
GREECE and its insular satellites prove sufficiently that the unstable I floods of the Mediterranean have exercised a greater influence upon the march of history than did the solid land upon which man trod. Western civilisation would never have seen the light had not the waters of the Mediterranean washed the shores of Egypt, Phoenicia, Asia Minor, Hellas, Italy, Spain, and Carthage.
The Mediterranean - Animal Life, Fisheries And Salt Pans
ANOTHER remarkable feature of the abyssal waters of the Mediterranean consists in their poverty of animal life. No doubt there is some life ; the dredgings of the Porcupine and the telegraph cables, which, on being brought to the surface, were found to be covered with shells and polypes, prove this. But, compared with those of the ocean, the depths of the Mediterranean are veritable deserts.
The Mediterranean - Commerce And Navigation
WHATEVER advantages may be yielded by fisheries and salt-works, they shrink into insignifieance if we compare them with the great gain-material, intellectual, and moral-which mankind has derived from the navigation of this inland sea. It has repeatedly been pointed out by historians that the disposition of the coasts, islands, and peninsulas of the Mediterranean of the Phoenicians and Greeks...
Greece - General Aspects
GREECE, within its confined political boundaries, to the south of the Gulfs of Arta and Volo, is a country of about nineteen thousand square miles, or at most equal to the ten-thousandth part of the earth's surface. Within the vast empire of Russia there are many districts more extensive than the whole of Greece, but there is nothing which distinguishes these from other districts which surround...
Greece - Continental Greece
THE Pindus, which forms the central chain of Southern Turkey, passes over into Greece, and imparts to it an analogous orographical character. On both sides of this conventional boundary we meet with the saine rocks, the same vegetation, the same landscape features, and the same races of people. By dividing the Epirus and handing over Thessaly to the Turks, European diplomacy has paid no attention...
Greece - The Morea, Or Peloponnesus
GEOGRAPHICALLY the Peloponnesus well deserves the name of island, which was bestowed upon it by the ancients. The low Isthmus of Corinth completely severs it from the mountainous peninsula of Greece. It is a world in itself, small enough as far as the mere space is concerned which it occupies upon the map, but great on account of the part it has played in the history of humanity.
Greece - The Islands Of The Aegean Sea
ISLANDS and islets are scattered in seeming disorder over the AEgean Sea, the name of which may probably mean 'sea of goats,' because these islands appeared at` distance like goats. By a singular misapplication the modern term Archipelago, instead of sea, is now used to designate these groups of islands. The Sporades, in the north, form a long range of islands stretching in the direction of Mount...
Greece - The Ionian Isles
THE island of Corfu, on the coast of Epirus, and the whole of the Archipelago to the vest of continental and peninsular Greece, down to the island of Cythera, which divides the waters of the Ionian Sea from those of the AEgean, have passed through the most singular political vicissitudes in the course of the last century. Corfu, thanks to the protection extended to it by the Venetian Republic...
Greece - The Present And The Future Of Greece
THE Greeks, although they have not altogether fulfilled the expectations of Philbellenes, have nevertheless made great strides in advance since they have thrown off the yoke of the Turks. The deeds of valour performed during the war of independence recalled the days of Marathon and Plata a ; but it was wrong to expect that a short time would suffice to raise modern Greece to the intellectual...
Greece - Government And Political Divisions
Tim protecting powers have bestowed upon Greece a parliamentary and constitutional Government, modelled upon West European patterns. Theoretically the King of the Greeks reigns, but does not govern, and his ministers are responsible to the Chambers, whose majority changes with the fluctuations of public opinion. In reality, however, the power of the King is limited only by diplomacy.
Turkey In Europe - General Aspects
THE Balkan peninsula is, perhaps, that amongst the three great peninsulas of Southern Europe which enjoys the greatest natural advantages, and occupies the most favourable geographical position. In its outline it is far less unwieldy than Spain, and even surpasses Italy in variety of contour. Its coasts are washed by four seas; they abound in gulfs, harbours, and peninsulas, and are fringed by...
Turkey In Europe - Crete And The Islands Of The Archipelago
CRETE, next to Cyprus, is the largest island inhabited by Greeks. It is a natural dependency of Greece, but treaties made without consulting the wishes of the people have handed it over to the Turks. It is Greek in spite of this, not only because the majority of its inhabitants consider it to be so, but also because of its soil, its climate, and its geographical position.
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