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How Europe Looks At India - The Problem Of Response
The study of cultural relations, far from being a merely intellectual subject-matter to be treated academically, involves the scholar in an analysis of what might be called cultural dynamics, a study of parallel developments, influences, and cross-currents...
How Europe Looks At India - The Enlightenment
The nineteenth-century romantics were by no means the first to 'discover' India. Already during the eighteenth century we can feel the first breath of a new dawn it frequently comes from the most unexpected sources.
How Europe Looks At India - The Vision
While the two Frenchmen, the sceptic 'and the priest, laboriously collected materials for their books on India, the one stressing the historical tendencies that manifested themselves in contemporary India...
How Europe Looks At India - The Moral Challenge
The English response to India before and during the French Revolution was the result of criticism levelled by Englishmen against the British administration of India.
How Europe Looks At India - The Reaction
Just as the political history of a continent is very largely the result of the continuous struggle of opposing forces in conflict, cultural evolution also is determined by similar antithetical currents and movements.
How Europe Looks At India - Buddhism And The Superman
The preceding chapters attempted an analysis of the European response to the discovery of the East, the way in which some outstanding leaders of Western thought at the end of the eighteenth and the beginning of the nineteenth century reacted to Indian religions, philosophy, and art.
How Europe Looks At India - Integrating The East
Three more countries remain to be considered. In all of them alike the impact of the East led to a revival both in the domain of literature and of religion. We have already seen how the discovery of India affected the romantic revival, especially in Germany.
How Europe Looks At India - The Modern Dilemma
A study of the contemporary western response towards India is possible only on the basis of the nineteenth-century conflict between ideal and practice, theory and realization.
How Europe Looks At India - Bibliography
S. RADHAKRISHNAN : Eastern Religions and Western Thought. Oxford 1939
Newfoundland In The Year 1877
SOME writers have affirmed that Newfoundland was discovered by the Scandinavians in the year 1001, while others assert that this alledged discovery by the Northmen is not worthy of credence : 'The error appears to have been the work of some designing interpolator of the old Icelandic MS. Chronicles.' We, therefore, pass over the mists of romance and fable for the facts of history.
General History, From The Appointment Of The First Civil Governor In 1728 To 1877
Captain Palliser is said to have been one of the most enlightened and active of the Naval Governors of Newfoundland. The rules and regulations which he made, relative to the fishery, were afterwards passed into law. During 1764, the Commissioners of Customs appointed a collector and comptroller at Newfoundland, in the place of a naval officer who used to receive the duties from the fishing admirals.
District Of St. John's
ST. JOHN'S, the capital of Newfoundland, lies in 47 33' 33" north latitude and 52 45' 10" westlongitude from Greenwich, and 10 52' east of Halifax. Magnetic variation in 1828, 28 47' westerly. The first authentic record of St. John's is given in a letter to King Henry VIII., by John Rut, in 1527, who was at that time employed on a fishing voyage. This is recorded by Hackluyt, one of the earliest writers on Newfoundland.
District Of Conception Bay
IN 1501, Gasper de Cortereal, the Portuguese navigator, visited Conception Bay, and gave to it the name which it bears, after the miraculous conception of the Virgin Mary. He also gave the present names of many of the coves and headlands.A colony was attempted to be established at Musquito Cove, Conception Bay, so early as the reign of James I.
District Of Trinity Bay
IN In no part of the world are there more noble bays than in Newfoundland. The ocean is penetrated by those great amis of the sea, into the land, bringing the treasures of the deep to the very doors of the inhabitants. It is very probable that the whole of the earlier voyagers to Newfoundland visited Trinity Bay.
District Of Bonavista Bay
THE first land discovered in Newfoundland by the Cabots, appears to have been about Cape Bonavista, and to which they gave the name of Terra Pimum, Vista (the land first seen), happy sight or view. The celebrated navigator Jacques Cartier being recommended by Chabot, Admiral of France, was entrusted with a commission to form colonies.
District Of Fogo And Twillingate
THE principal place in this district is Twillingate (originally Toulingate,) it is situate on an island of the same name, and contains a population of about 2,300. Twillingate is divided by the sea, forming the north and south side of the harbour into two islands. The principal part of the inhabitants live on the north side, which includes Back Harbour and Crow Head.
District Of Ferryland
FERRYLAND was one of the earliest settled parts of Newfoundland. It is said to have been the rendezvous of one Easton, a piratical adventurer, who, in 1578, commanded a fleet of ten vessels. This daring adventurer impressed a hundred sailors for his fleet, and levied a tribute from all engaged in the fisheries.
District Of Placentia And St. Mary's
IN Plaisance (beautiful place) or Placentia, the French founded a colony in 1660, which was a flourishing settlement. At this period the French paid a duty of five per cent. on the produce of the fisheries to the British Government. In 1692, however, Commodore Williams was sent with a fleet against Placentia, which he partly destroyed.
District Of Burin
BURIN is the capital of the district, and situated on the west coast of Placentia Bay. In the year 1845 it contained a population of 1,653. It is now over 2,000. It has a courthouse and gaol, also a police magistrate the late Wm. Hooper, Esq., who was the member of the district in the first House of Assembly of Newfoundland. The circuit court sits here yearly.
History Of Fortune Bay, St. Peters, Etc.
FORTUNE BAY in 1845, contained a population of upwards of 5,000, and returned one member to theGeneral Assembly. There were 229 acres of land in cultivation; 360 head of cattle, and 5 horses. The number of large fishing boats was 1,341.The population of Harbour Briton and Jersey Harbour, is about 500, which towns are the seats of two very large and flourishingmercantile establishments...
St. George's Bay, Bay Of Islands, Etc.
THE French profess the right by Treaty, of catching and drying fish from Cape Ray on the west through the Straits of Belle Isle as far as Cape St. John northward, though they are not allowed to make any fortifications, or any permanent erections, nor are they permitted to remain longer than the time necessary to cure their fish. This line of coast is as follows :From Cape St. John to Cape Quirpon, 100 miles.
Labrador
AFTER the Treaty of Paris, in 1763, Labrador was annexed to the Government of Newfoundland, including 'all the coast of Labrador, from the entrance of Hudson's Straits to the River St. John's, opposite the west end of the Island of Anticosti, including that island, with any other small islands on the said coast of Labrador; also the Island of Madeleine, in the Gulf of St. Lawrence...
The Fisheries
NEWFOUNDLAND (says Mr. Morris) was a dependency of England, her only colony a century before !Massachusetts, New York or Virginia, emerged from barbarism. When the ' untutored Indian,' uncontrolled by civilized man, roamed through these now busy marts, redundant with wealth, population, and all the advantages of civilization, Newfoundland was resorted to by thousands of British, Spaniards, French...
Government, Revenue, Trade And Shipping
THE first military Governor appointed to Newfoundland was Major (afterwards Lieutenant-General)Sir John Harvey, in 1841 ; he was also the first Governor who had a private secretary. Sir John Gaspard Le Marchant assumed the Government in 1847, and also brought with him a private secretary. The Governor of Newfoundland is not Lieutenant-Governor, like the Governors of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island.
Population, Religion, And Education
The first Presbyterian church ever erected in Newfoundland was commenced in 1843, and opened for public worship, according to the doctrine and discipline of the Established Church of Scotland, by the Rev. Donald A. Fraser, A.M., on Sunday, December 3rd, of same year. (This church was destroyed by fire in 1876). On the 7th of February, 1845, the lamented death of Mr. Fraser took place, in the 52nd year of his age and the 31st of his ministry.
Agricultural Resources And Manufactures
WITBOURNE and other earlier adventurers who visited Newfoundland, speak in high terms ofthe productiveness of the soil. As early as 1610 John Gay, who had established a colony in Mosquitto, in Conception Bay, speaks of the climate not being so severe as in England; he also raised garden vegetables.
Natural History, Climate, & Meteorology
THE winters of Newfoundland are not by many degrees so cold as in the neighbouring Provinces, or the Northern States, nor is the climate so changeable. In Massachusetts the temperature sometimes changes 44 degrees in twenty-four hours, while in Canada, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia the thermometer sometimes falls from to 30 and 40 degrees below zero.
The Red Indians, Or Boeothicks
WHEN Cabot discovered Newfoundland in 1497, he held intercourse with the Red Indians, who were dressed in skins and painted with red ochre, and who, no doubt, beheld his approach to the shore with as much astonishment as did the inhabitants of San Salvador, one of the Bahama Islands, when Colombus discovered the West Indies, in 1492, who supposed the ship in which he crossed the ocean to have...
Introduces One Young Man
THE boys in the office were, I fancy, a bit prejudiced against him before he arrived. It wasn't his fault, for he was a stranger to them all, but it got about that the dear old chief had decided to engage a real good Sunday-school boy.
One Young Man Joins The Army
SYDNEY BAXTER was most decidedly getting on in business. And then the war came. I do not want you to have the impression that, at this time, he was one of those sturdy, strapping young fellows who gladly rushed into the ranks for the very joy of fighting.
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