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Bishops And The Syllabus
I.WE enter upon a delicate question that of the real sentiments entertained by the Catholic bishops respecting the rash individual act of their chief.We call it a rash individual act. There have, however, been two versions of the affair. According to one, this description is just. None, save a few confidants, had any previous cognizance of the two documents ; no one expected them.
A Universal Internal Struggle
I.THE tremendous efforts made to attenuate and soften down what the Pope had uttered so clearly and uncompromisingly, are in reality only an episode in the struggle of which the Roman system is the constant occasion, even among those who accept and proclaim it. Wherever despotism appears, liberty protests.
Sophists And Sophistries
I.SO the evolution is completed ; and the consequence, as one might think, would be the absence, among those who had accepted and hailed it, of any trace of that protest which, as we have shown, had always existed hitherto.On the contrary, the protest still asserts itself.It asserts itself, first, in the very efforts made in our own day to show that the Roman yoke is not a yoke, and that Catholicism in obeying remains free.
Difficulties That Must Be Met
I.NOT WITHSTANDING all the feats of dexterity executed to show that we owe to Catholicism all that modern times have had, on the contrary, to win from Catholicism by hard fighting, Catholic writers have been compelled occasionally to consider a question which they would much have preferred to leave in the background.
The System In Itself
I.What we have said respecting the author of the Symbolise, might be repeated as characterizing all the efforts macle to disguise the slavery of Catholicism. Long circuitous marches are undertaken so that men may not perceive that they are being brought back exactly to the spot where they do not want to be.
Consequences As Regards The Past
I.IT is another great novelty, that the deification of the Church is not preached only on religious grounds, but also, and we might say specially, on social grounds. The same tactics are employed in the latter field that were employed in the former.First, the past is arranged with a view to the ideas and the needs of the present.
Consequences Foretold
I.THE same argument in a different form is, however, reproduced without scruple in the same books and the same newspapers. This is when Catholicism is recommended in the name of fear, as alone capable of closing ` the abyss of revolutions,' and of restoring to human affairs the stability they no longer possess.
Papacy Considered Politically
I.IN saying that the Pope will help us again to see these questions clearly, and to throw light upon them, we are not now referring to those Syllabuses and Encyclical Letters which have suddenly broken through the cunning meshes woven by the apologists of the Church ; we refer to that movement which the Papacy is precipitating, with ever-increasing rapidity and boldness...
Papacy Morally Considered
I.ON all these points, and on many others, the Catholic ages showed far more intelligence, and judged far more severely, than the Catholics of today. They had, in the midst of all their ignorances, a just sentiment of what the Papacy ought to have been; they entertained no illusion respecting the distance that separated the reality from the ideal.
Papacy Considered As A Centre Of Light
I.IS there a single point on which history, impartial and merciless, does not refuse to countenance your modern fictions? You wish to show that the Papacy has been the centre of intellectual and scientific life in the world ; and history proves that she was not such a centre even in the Church. This observation has been seldom made, but is indisputable nevertheless.
Divine Right Of The Pope
I.JUSTICE must be rendered to the Popes on one point. It is not they who appeal to considerations of a nature entirely external and human. They understand that a power such as they possess, or dream of possessing, cannot be founded on what would serve at most as the foundation of an ordinary dynasty.
The Historical Papacy
THE advocates of the Papacy must experience, it seems to us, a great feeling of relief when they come to the end of the apostolic history. They have no longer to struggle against the New Testament ; they enter into the unknown, into vacancy ; they can the more easily see what they want to see, and place there what they desire.
Internal Difficulties
I.ALL those, therefore, who have not decided, like M. De Maistre, to stifle the voice of their con-science, and to mould history as a potter moulds clay, are placed in a very strange position. Not only are they hampered by certain facts, but by the Papacy itself.
The Episcopate
I.THE devotion of the bishops is not blind in the sense that no calculation of self-interest is mingled with it. To obey, and thus acquire a right to rule, such is the present attitude of the Episcopate ; and if at Trent it showed much more independence than now, that was because it was still, at that time, in many countries, in a position to rule by itself alone, and without the support of the Papacy...
Works Of Catholicism
I.WHILE the Papacy, considered from a hierarchical point of view, was marching towards this speedy consummation of its wishes, it was, at the same time, enlarging the bases of its religious influence, and, whether for good or evil, neglecting nothing to bring the nations more and more within its toils. I say ` whether for good,' and God forbid that I should refuse to recognise whatever may have been done in a Christian spirit...
Progress, But Retrograde
I.HAS Rome, at any rate, given up all that was not strictly necessary to the consolidation of her power ? Has she, while carrying out her project of enslaving the world, at least ennobled that project, by repudiating the old methods and tactics belonging to ages of superstition and ignorance? Many Catholics try to think so. They are surprised and indignant at any one daring to assert the contrary.
Mariolatry And Jesus Christ
I.WHAT Rome has done for the saints generally she has done very much more boldly for the Virgin ; and here, especially, the most deplorable advances are to be noted. The position assigned to the Virgin is not a change merely ; it is the very overthrow of Christianity.
Mariolatry And God
I.NOT only are people taught that they may receive pardons, and pardons without end, from the Virgin; they are also taught to pray to her for every-thing, and with greater certainty of being heard than by prayer addressed to God. This is a matter of competition again ; and the advertisements put forth are not less striking than in the question of pardons.
Images, Miracles, And Relics
I.THERE was the same wisdom at Trent, as we have already seen, in what was said respecting images ; there is the same forgetfulness to-day of what was then said. Even at that period there was a perceptible discrepancy between theory and practice, though we should naturally have supposed that the Papacy, after having sanctioned the decree, would at any rate have striven in some slight degree to amend...
Final Retrospect
I.THE Papacy had undertaken the mission of preserving Christianity, and it affirms more loudly than ever that that mission has been fulfilled. We have therefore every right to judge the manner in which it has justified a responsibility so boldly assumed, and to inquire, point by point, what it has made of that holy religion whose existence, we are told, is indissolubly linked with its own.
GALILEO GALILEI was born at Pisa, in 1564.His family, which, till the middle of the 14th century, had borne the name of Bonajuti, was ancient and noble, but not wealthy; and his father, Vincenzo Galilei, appears to have been a person of very superior talents and accomplishments. He is the author of several treatises upon music, which show him to have been master both of the practice and theory of that art.
Air Brahmin
Most of our readers will recollect the celebrated Indian Jugglers, who a few years ago visited this country, and performed some very extraordinary feats at public exhibitions. One of them had acquired the astonishing and dangerous power of passing a naked metal blade into his stomach, or, as he himself termed it, of 'swallowing a sword.'
Scenes Among The Indians
The following description is from a work entitled, 'Adventures on the Columbia River, &c. By Ross Cox.' It furnishes a forcible example of the effects of intoxication. The author states that there are three descriptions of men in the service of the Fur Company. First come the white Canadians ; and, secondly, the half-breeds, which race is now numerous throughout the Indian country. The third description of men in the Company's service are the Iroquois, Nipisings, and others of the native tribes of Canada.
Taking Honey In Cashmere
The honey mentioned in the Apocalypse was sweet in the mouth, but bitter in the stomach; but we cannot say that honey is ever very sweet to us, because we keep thinking of the cruel method of taking it from the bees, which generally prevails. The following method, said to be pursued in Cashmere, though cruel enough, seems to be far less so than the common mode...
The turtle and the tortoise belong to the same group of reptiles in fact the turtle is a tortoise which principally inhabits the water, and is only found occasionally on the land. The two varieties represented in the above plate are the Green Tortoise (a), and the Loggerhead Tortoise (b). The former is the species chiefly used for food. It is found, in great numbers, on the coasts of all the islands and continents of the torrid zone.
Gas Light
Daily habit has the effect of so soon familiarising objects to us, that we seldom pause to think how they have had a commencement. Gas light is now as familiar to us as the light of the sun or moon. It even illumines cellars and recesses, where the rays of either of these luminaries never pierce; and yet we have only to go back a very few years, when it was totally unknown, at least for all useful...
The first manufactured paper of which we have any record, is the celebrated papyrus, made of a species of reed growing in Egypt on the banks of the Nile. According to a passage in Lucan, which is likewise corroborated by other authorities, this paper was first manufactured at Memphis, but it has been a matter of much controversy to fix the precise period of its invention.
One morning, at an inn in the south of Ireland, a gentleman travelling upon mercantile business, came running down stairs a few minutes before the appearance of the stage coach, in which he had taken a seat for Dublin. Seeing an ugly little fellow leaning against the doorpost, with dirty face and shabby clothes, he hailed him and ordered him to brush his coat.
Clever Women
There is an unaccountable antipathy to clever women. Almost all men profess to be afraid of blue stockings that is, of women who have cultivated their minds ; and hold up as a maxim, that there is no safety in matrimony, or even in the ordinary intercourse of society, except with females of plain understandings.
The city of Antwerp stands on the east or right bank of the Schelde, in north lat. 51 14', and about twenty-five miles in a straight line nearly due north of Brussels, the present capital of Belgium. The Flemish name for this place is Antwerpe the Spaniards, who once possessed it, call it Amberes, and the French, Anvers. Few places are more favorably situated for foreign commerce than Antwerp.
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