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The Venerable Bede
The well authenticated miracles which are mentioned in the Ecclesiastical History of the Venerable Bede, are so numerous that it is difficult to make a selection—that such were, however, wrought both by the hands of St. Augustine, and in his time, is evident from contemporaneous testimony.
St. Cuthbert
Bede relates many miracles performed at his tomb, and adds that eleven years after his death, the monks taking up his body, instead of dust which they expected, found it unputrified, with the joints pliable and the clothes fresh and entire.
St. Ethelrid
The body of the holy virgin Ethelrid, spouse of Christ, when her grave was opened, being brought into sight, it was found as free from corruption as if she had died and been buried on that very day, as Bishop Wilfrid and many others that know it can testify.
St. Cecily, Virgin Martyr, A.D. 230
His contemporary biographer, writing in the Liber Pontificalis, tells us that Paschal, who had succeeded to the See of Peter, in January, A.D. 817, removed the relics of the Popes from the Papal Crypt, and he wished, at the same time, to remove the relics of St. Cecilia...
St. Januarius
There is perhaps no miracle which has been so much scoffed at, and derided, as the Liquefaction of the Blood of St. Januarius ; still the Church has not hesitated to mention it in the Breviary, and devout Catholics still have the faith to believe in it.
St. Francis Of Assisi
A short account will now be given of the Stigmata of St. Francis of Assisi. The existence of these miraculous wounds on the body of St. Francis is a fact as well authenticated as the battle of Hastings.
Dominica Lazari
That there have been, and continue still to be, in the Catholic Church, persons bearing in their bodies, the marks of the Lord Jesus, is well known. One of the most remarkable cases is that of Maria Dominica Lazari, a poor peasant girl, of the Italian Tyrol.
Louise Lateau
The last instance which will be given is that of Louise Lateau, who was until very lately, and is, I believe, still living at Bois d' Haine, in the province of Hainault. An account of this case is given by Dr. Lefebvre, in a small book published by Richardson and Son, from which a few extracts will be given.
Miracles Of St. Francis Xavier
The voyage from Singapore to San-Chan—the last voyage of Francis Xavier—was made memorable by several prodigies, and we find incidents of this kind crowded into the few last months of his life, as if he was to be magnified before men, after having incurred so severe a disappointment at Malacca.
In the life of Madame Schimmelpeninck a miraculous cure is narrated, said to have been operated ou the niece of the great Pascal.
Our Lady Of Lourdes
Some miracles which were performed at Lourdes are mentioned in an article in the Nineteenth Century for November.
General Features Of Plant Life
Gardeners being concerned in the cultivation of plants, it is Obviously important that they should be acquainted with their structure and mode of life.
Roots And Root Nutrition
We have seen that the sap is raised in plants in part by the transpiration of water vapour which takes place through minute pores which are found scattered over the surface, particularly the lower surface, of leaves. In addition to this suction exerted by the leaves there exists a definite upward pressure of the sap by the roots known as root pressure.
Stems And Leaves
The stem Is not as Important an organ of plants as are the roots and leaves. The latter are essential for the nutrition of plants, and their particular work can only be carried on if the leaves are fully exposed to the sunlight.
Methods Of Vegetative Reproduction And Propagation
As explained in my first lecture vegetative reproduction is the multiplication of the plant by means of structures, which partake of the nature of vegetative organs and are not the result of the fertilisation of flowers.
Flowers And Their Formation
In speaking of the difference between vegetative and reproductive organs, in the first chapter I have already mentioned that certain external conditions which favour the development of the former affect adversely the formation of flowers.
Seeds And Seedlings
Ripe seeds are surrounded by a hard seed coat which is more or less impervious and prevents complete drying up of the embryonic plant within the seed. The more resistant the coat the longer the seed can preserve its vitality.
Malformations And Injuries
Abnormal development of various parts of plants whether of vegetative or of reproductive organs may be regarded as Malformations. Many of these arise as sports or mutations, and may be transmitted to the progeny of the plant. In the case of the vegetative organs such occurrences as pitcher-shaped leaves have been noted in many instances.
Fungi As A Cause Of Disease In Plants
In preceding chapters you have become acquainted with the normal uses of the parts of healthy green plants. We are now to consider plants in disease and especially the disturbances of the structure and functions of plants produced by parasitic fungi.
Diseases Of Roots And Tubers
The disease commonly known as Fingers-and-Toes, or Club-Root disease, attacks all cruciferous crops, including Cabbages, Cauliflowers, Brussels Sprouts, Kohl Rabi, Broccoli, Turnips and Swedes.
A Disease Of Leaves, Shoots, And Tubers
The Late-Blight of potatoes caused by Phytophthora infestans is so common and wide-spread that it is generally spoken of as the Potato Disease.
Diseases Of Leaves And Shoots (contd.).
It is caused by a species of Phytophthora, which differs in several respects from Phytophthora infestans, the cause of the Late-Blight disease of potatoes.
Diseases Of Leaves (contd.)
The Rusts constitute a very important group of plant diseases, which includes some of the most widely distributed and highly destructive of parasitic fungi. The grain-producing plants and grasses of our fields, the plants of our gardens and greenhouses, and even forest and fruit trees are attacked by members of the rust family of fungi.
Injurious Animals Other Than Insects
All who engage in agricultural or horticultural pursuits sooner or later have to concern themselves with some of the forms of animal life which are associated with their plants. Very frequently certain of these animals are directly injurious to the operations of man, but there are others which, on the contrary, are distinctly beneficial in their effects.
Injurious Insects
The next class to be considered is that of the INSECTS viewed from our present standpoint, theyare of greater importance than the whole of the rest of the Animal Kingdom. Insects can be readily recognised by the presence of a pair of antennae or feelers, six pairs of legs, and the division of the body into head, thorax and abdomen.
Injurious Insects (continued)
In this lecture we are concerned with the order Diptera which comprises the true Flies. These Insects can be recognised by the presence of a single pair of wings, the hinder pair being absent, and only represented by curious knobbed organs known as halteres or balancers.
Injurious Animals (continued)
The present lecture is devoted to a consideration of certain injurious Hemiptera. Members of this order of Insects are characterised by the presence of a jointed rostrum or beak, enclosing two pairs of stylets used for piercing the tissues of plants and imbibing sap therefrom.
Beneficial Animals, &c.
Beneficial animals are on the whole less widely known than injurious species and, unlike the latter, they should be encouraged so far as may be possible and under no circumstances be destroyed.
Present Position
IF I were to ask, no matter of whom, What is the first topic to be considered in an inquiry into the present position of affairs in the Church of Rome ? I should receive for universal answer, `The Papacy.' By some this answer would be given with joy and pride. 'See,' they would exclaim, ` at last the Papacy is where it should be. The episcopate is at its feet ; Catholic unity is consummated.'
I.THE Encyclical was published on the 8th of December 1864, just ten years after the promulgation of the strange dogma from which the Pope, according to his bull, expected such magnificent results. Among the thoughts suggested by these dates there is one which, as it seems to me, must inevitably strike both the friends and the enemies of Pius IX.
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