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The history of the various breeds of cattle with which we are familiar at the present time has been traced back many centuries.It is reasonably certain that horned cattle first existed in a wild state, long before the dawn of recorded history, and in the Scriptures we find mention of the fact that Jubal, the son of Lemach, living in the time of Adam, is spoken of as 'the father of such as own cattle.'
A Study Of Breeds Of Cattle
Ayrshire Cattle.This breed of Scotch dairy cattle originated under the rugged conditions of Ayrshire, and in their type and general characteristic they exemplify the form and quality of animals required to make the most economical use of food, and do the best under conditions too severe for finer and more delicate cattle.
Selecting A Beef Herd
In building up a herd for beef production, select cows with a broad, deep and square body, cows with a good coating of flesh, for these, if bred to the right kind of bull, will produce calves that will prove profitable feeders. ,,Now for the bull. The bull is half the herd. He stamps his qualities on all calves - not simply on one calf a year, as with the cow.
Dairy Cow Scaling Points
HEAD.- Comparatively long from eyes to base of horns; decidedly feminine in appearance FOREHEAD.-Broad between the eyes and well dished FACE. - Outlines fine, especially under the eyes, showing facial veins. Length medium, with broad muzzle EARS. - Of medium size, thin and finely shaped, covered with soft hair EYES. - Moderately full, large and mild
Feeding Dairy Cattle
Dairy cows require different feed than beef cattle.We should not feed much fat-forming foods, as our cows would lay on fat instead of producing milk. Feed more silage or roots in the winter season. Daily feed for a 1,000 pound cow:Give thirty to forty pounds of ensilage; seven to ten pounds of clover or alfalfa hay and eight to ten pounds of grain.
Symptoms And Treatment Of Cattle Diseases - Part 1
Abortion has two distinct though related meanings. The word is used to designate the act of prematurely expelling the foetus or, in common cow parlance, 'slinking calf.' While this is the first and most common application of the term, the second, and by far the most important designation, is that of the disease which is the cause of perhaps ninety per cent of 'calf slinking.'
Symptoms And Treatment Of Cattle Diseases - Part 2
Contagious vaginitis is a disease which is causing a very extensive loss in the live stock industry, owing to the fact that there are so many valuable and highly bred cows and heifers, which are rendered useless and non-profitable on account of becoming infected with the germ which produces this disease.It seems a hard problem for the average live stock owner to figure out why he should have in a herd of from thirty to forty head, from one to ten barren cows.
Symptoms And Treatment Of Cattle Diseases - Part 3
To overcome this condition the cow should be given a loose stall, dry, clean, and warm, with plenty of sunlight and good ventilation. A blanket may be placed on her if necessary. Plenty of warm drinks, good, clean, warm, sloppy, nourishing food, containing such ingredients as will loosen the bowels by toning them; and will tone and stimulate the genital organs so as to put the cotyledons or button...
Symptoms And Treatment Of Cattle Diseases - Part 4
Bronchitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the bronchial tubes. It is commonly known as catching cold, but it is more often brought on by foreign bodies such as medicine, gruels, salts and oils being given to cattle as a drench. It is for this reason that cattle should never be drenched.In Bronchitis there is usually a loss of appetite, a rise of temperature (generally 104 to 105), and the breathing is incomplete, short, quick and painful.
Symptoms And Treatment Of Cattle Diseases - Part 5
Constipation is more often noticed in newly born calves. There may be a continual switching of the tail, uneasiness, and an effort to empty the bowels. If Nature fails to do its part, the treatment is to give on the tongue a small dose of castor oil (from one to three ounces). Give Laxotonic in small doses. A pint of warm water injection should also be given with a flushing outfit per rectum.
Symptoms And Treatment Of Cattle Diseases - Part 6
HAIR BALLS IN CATTLE This habit is formed without any apparent cause and animals thus afflicted lick themselves, or lick one another, and by so doing the loose hair which is gathered by the tongue passes down the gullet into the digestive organs where it at first forms a small ball, which becomes enlarged by the gradual collection of hair which is swallowed by the animal.
Symptoms And Treatment Of Cattle Diseases - Part 7
PARALYSIS OF THE HIND PARTS This is a disease of the nerves which is usually present and follows milk fever, but does sometimes occur independent of anything else, and the treatment consists in giving Laxotonic, both to keep the bowels open and to overcome the paralysis. The animal should be given warm water injections (per rectum) .and should be turned several times daily from side to side.
Symptoms And Treatment Of Cattle Diseases - Part 8
TICKS Cattle Ticks are small parasites which attach themselves to the skin of cattle, and they are frequently the means of spreading Texas Fever, which is a fatal disease unless the Ticks can be destroyed before the last stages of it are reached.Treatment.The treatment consists in washing the whole animal thoroughly with a warm solution of Germ Killer ; then applying to all parts of the body and thoroughly rubbing in Skin Ointment.
Description Of A Model Dairy Barn
The reader has doubtless observed, when riding through the country, groups of buildings which look more like a small village than a properly arranged plan of farm buildings in which to house cattle, sheep, pigs, and poultry, and to store farm products and machinery. Has it ever occurred to you to question whether the arrangement and equipment of these buildings have proven satisfactory...
Book-keeping On The Farm
It is very essential to success that all live stock owners and farmers keep an accurate book account of all income and expenditures on the farm. but as time rolls on these detailed duties sometimes become burdensome and are apt to be neglected.Right here the writer wishes to offer a suggestion, gathered from actual experience in conducting his own farm.
County Breeders' Associations
For the advancement and improvement of live stock breeding, county associations will be found exceedingly beneficial. In 1906 the writer had the pleasure of having all breeders interested in the breeding of pure bred Guernseys meet with him at his office at Waukesha, Wis., and organized what is now known as the Waukesha County Guernsey Breeders' Association, which at the present time has about...
Horse History
As far back as history goes, we find that the horse was the servant of man. The first mention of the horse is as a domestic animal, and not as a wild animal.The Arabs are renowned as early breeders of fine horses, and history tells us they considered their horses their companions, being kind in their treatment and holding them high in their affections. Great care and attention were bestowed upon breeding. In this manner they produced a breed of horses noted for its high intelligence, great speed and remarkable endurance.
Horse Health & Care - Part 1
HORSE'S AGE. To tell the age of any horse,Inspect the lower jaw, of course; The six front teeth the tale will tell, And every doubt and fear dispel. Two middle nippers you behold Before the colt is two weeks old; Before eight weeks two more will come, Eight months the corners cut the gum. The outside grooves will disappear From middle two In just one year.
Horse Health & Care - Part 2
Barrenness, sterility or failure to breed in mares is due to imperfect, unnatural, or diseased genital organs. Imperfection of the genital organs may be due to an undeveloped womb or ovaries.Unnatural Condition of the Organs.An unnatural, swollen and inflamed condition of the genital organs may be brought on by a retention of the afterbirth, this being allowed to be retained in a decomposed condition until the mouth of the womb becomes irritated, scalded and sore, so that when it closes it heals so firmly that it cannot always be opened without mechanical aid.
Horse Health & Care - Part 3
CASTRATION OR CUTTING COLTS This is an operation which the owner of horses very seldom undertakes, but in case he should desire to do so, the parts should be thoroughly washed with a solution of Germ Killer and then apply a little Healing Oil. All the instruments used, and the operator's hands, should first be thoroughly washed in a solution of Germ Killer and dipped in Healing Oil to prevent infection.
Horse Health & Care - Part 4
CRAMP OF JOINTS This ailment is of frequent occurrence in young horses and its presence will be discovered when an attempt is made to back the affected animal out of the stall. If able to back him out at all, it will be with difficulty, for when started, he may be unable to lift one of his feet; but in some cases the affected limb will snap and crack and the animal will move off apparently sound...
Horse Health & Care - Part 5
Heaves is a derangement of the blood vessels and air tubes of the lungs. The most common cause is Indigestion, or the animal may be out of condition. As soon as a horse gets out of condition there is great danger of an attack of Heaves.Treatment.Give a Physic Ball and keep the animal from eating from 12 to 24 hours, then give Horse Tonic to tone up the system and digestive organs, and follow treatment by giving a moderate amount of feed with Heave Powder in it.
Horse Health & Care - Part 6
LUNG FEVER It is also called Pneumonia and is inflammation of the lungs. It may be caused in various ways, but the most common cause is taking cold and being neglected.A horse with Lung Fever may or may not have a cough. He will stand with his elbows turned out most of the time, and seldom ever lies down.Treatment.Apply White Liniment to both sides of the chest over the ribs and also the throat. Give Laxotonic to loosen the bowels.
Horse Health & Care - Part 7
QUITTOR Is like a Fistula, only it is located in the foot, and is often caused by nail pricks, bruises or gravel in the foot.Treatment.Wash part with Germ Killer solution and poultice the feet with the Antiseptic Poultice until most of the fever is gone, then inject Absorbent. See Prescription No. 146, page 180.RING BONE.A Ring Bone is an unnatural growth of the bone, which takes place at the pastern joints and is liable to appear on any foot, but generally on the hind foot.
Horse Health & Care - Part 8
THRUSH IN FEET Thrush is known by a dark gray, unhealthy secretion of matter oozing from the middle or either side of the frog of a horse's foot. This discharge, if neglected, is liable to eat its way through the sole of the foot, oftentimes involving the joints and sometimes causing intense lameness and swelling of the limbs.
Care And Management Of Swine
DUROC JERSEY SWINE. Duroc Jersey swine, sometimes called Jersey Reds, Durocs, etc., really originated in New York State, but have been bred in Wisconsin for about thirty years. In 1883 a number of Wisconsin breeders of the so-called Red Hog, met at Elkhorn, Wis., and formed an organization, known as the Duroc or Jersey Red Swine Club, for the purpose of advancing the improvement of the breed...
Domesticated sheep were first introduced on the American continent by Spanish discoverers and conquerors. On the second voyage of Columbus to the new world he brought with him some animals with which to stock the island of Hispaniola; among them were some sheep. His live stock was landed about the middle of December, 1493, at Isabella, where was founded the first Christian city of the new world.
How To Make Your Own Stock Tonic
It is a well-known fact that successful stock raising and dairying depend entirely upon the health and condition of your animals. If they be in a strong, healthy condition this is evidence that they are digesting and assimilating all the feed that they consume. A milch cow requires a certain percentage of the feed she eats to sustain her, the balance should go to the milk pail.
Care and Management of Poultry on the FarmFeeding For EggsDiseases of Poultry - Symptoms and TreatmentValuable Poultry PointersCare and Management of Poultry on the FarmI fear that the poultry end of the farming business is very much neglected. The hen on the farm has been considered a necessary evil, left to forage for herself and lay a few eggs in the season when prices are lowest. In cold weather it is more work to care for the chickens, and with no winter eggs forthcoming, they are considered unprofitable.
42nd Annual Meeting Of The Michigan State Horticultural Society
The meeting was promptly called to order by President T. A. Farrand. INVOCATION BY MR. EDWARD HUTCHINS. 'Our Father who art in Heaven we raise our hearts, as we are at this moment our voices, to Thee in gratitude. Thou who inhabitest Eternity, Thou who are the Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the great first-cause of all things, we adore Thy name because of Thy wonderful majesty and of thy wonderful mercy.'
How Best To Feed The Apple Orchard
Now the topic of feeding the apple orchard may be made very brief, and I will try to be brief, but I hope I may be able to contribute a few hints that may help in feeding the apple orchard so as to get it to a condition of productiveness. In the first place I want to describe the conditions under which we are working, and then you will better understand our methods. Our soil, in the state of nature, was covered with white-oak, hickory, beech, maple, basswood and elm...
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