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The Problem Of Food Control
When population was smaller and less concentrated in great urban communities, the food supply was produced in the immediately surrounding country. Many households raised a large part of their food in their own gardens; and the remain-der was, for the most part, furnished by neighboring producers. These supplies were delivered and served fresh.
Food Technology
The development of the food industry to its present status has been brought about by the application to commercial practice of the findings of chemists, bacteriologists, physicians, engineers and veterinarians. Science furnishes the principles; commerce supplies the financial means and utilitarian interest; and engineering connects the two by translating ideas into practice.
Relation Of Food To The Public Health
Microorganisms have quite definite nutritional requirements. They can grow only when they find themselves in an environment which furnishes the proper food and which at the same time does not inhibit their metabolism. An organism may lie dormant on a food until the environment becomes favorable for its growth.
Control Measures
Most of the conditions described in the preceding chapter are brought about through accident or a lack of knowledge on the part of food operators. However, many cases are due to culpable ignorance and also to cupidity. Very likely none are caused by actual viciousness.
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