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Parliamentary Reform - Charles XV
CHARLES XV., the eldest son of Oscar I., succeeded his father, having for two years presided over the government during king Oscar's last illness. King Charles was of gigantic stature, exceedingly handsome and of a manly and noble bearing. There dwelt a fiery soul within him, conscious of its power, longing for heroic deeds and in sympathy with all that was noble in life and art.
Progress And Prosperity - Oscar II
OSCAR II. ascended the throne at a moment when universal peace was restored after the great conflict between France and Germany, and when an age of commercial prosperity for Sweden seemed to have begun. King Oscar had received the same superior education as his older brothers, is as brilliantly gifted as they were and of a more scholarly mind.
Conquest Of Mexico - Part 1
TRAVERSING the southern causeway, by which they had entered the capital, the little party were soon on their march across the beautiful Valley. They climbed the mountain screen which Nature had so ineffectually drawn around it ; passed between the huge volcanoes that, like faithless watch-dogs on their posts, have long since been buried in slumber...
Conquest Of Mexico - Part 2
THE tempest, that had raged so wildly during the night, passed away with the morning, which rose bright and unclouded on the field of battle. As the light advanced, it revealed more strikingly the disparity of the two forces so lately opposed to each other.
Expulsion From Mexico - Part 1
THE palace of Axayacatl, in which the Spaniards were quartered, was, as the reader may remember, a vast, irregular pile of stone buildings, having but one floor, except in the centre, where another story was added, consisting of a suite of apartments which rose like turrets on the main building of the edifice.
Expulsion From Mexico - Part 2
OPPOSITE to the Spanish quarters, at only a few rods' distance, stood the great teocalli of Huitzilopotchli. This pyramidal mound, with the sanctuaries that crowned it, rising altogether to the height of near a hundred and fifty feet, afforded an elevated position that completely commanded the palace of Axayacati, occupied by the Christians.
Expulsion From Mexico - Part 3
THERE was no longer any question as to the expediency of evacuating the capital. The only doubt was as to the time of doing so, and the route. The Spanish commander called a council of officers to deliberate on these matters. It was his purpose to retreat on Tlascala, and in that capital to decide according to circumstances on his future operations.
Expulsion From Mexico - Part 4
THE Mexicans, during the day which followed the retreat of the Spaniards, remained, for the most part, quiet in their own capital, where they found occupation in cleansing the streets and causeways from the dead, which lay festering in heaps that might have bred a pestilence.
Expulsion From Mexico - Part 5
ON the following morning, the army broke up its encamp. ment at an early hour. The enemy do not seem to have made an attempt to rally. Clouds of skirmishers, however, were seen during the morning, keeping at a respectful distance, though occasionally venturing near enough to salute the Spaniards with a volley of missiles.
Expulsion From Mexico - Part 6
THE Spanish commander, reassured by the result of the deliberations in the Tlascalan senate, now resolved on active operations, as the best means of dissipating the spirit of faction and discontent inevitably fostered by a life of idleness. He proposed to exercise his troops, at first, against some of the neighboring tribes who had laid violent hands on such of the Spaniards...
Expulsion From Mexico - Part 7
WHILE the events related in the preceding Chapter were passing, an important change had taken place in the Aztec monarchy. Montezuma's brother and successor, Cuitlahua, had suddenly died of the small-pox, after a brief reign of four months, brief, but glorious, for it had witnessed the overthrow of the Spaniards and their expulsion from Mexico.
Siege And Surrender Of Mexico - Part 1
THE City of Tezcuco was the best position, probably, which CortÚs could have chosen for the headquarters of the army. It supplied all the accommodations for lodging a numerous body of troops, and all the facilities for subsistence, incident to a large and populous town. It furnished, moreover, a multitude of artisans and laborers for the uses of the army.
Siege And Surrender Of Mexico - Part 2
IN the course of three or four days, the Spanish general furnished the Tlascalans with the opportunity so much coveted, and allowed their boiling spirits to effervesce in active operations. He had, for some time, meditated an expedition to reconnoitre the capital and its environs, and to chastise, on the way, certain places, which had sent him insulting messages of defiance...
Siege And Surrender Of Mexico - Part 3
NOTWITHSTANDING the relief which had been afforded to the people of Chalco, it was so ineffectual, that envoys from that city again arrived at Tezcuco, bearing a hieroglyphical chart, on which were depicted several strong places in their neighbor-hood, garrisoned by the Aztecs, from which they expected annoyance.
Siege And Surrender Of Mexico - Part 4
AT the very time when CortÚs was occupied with reconnoitring the Valley, preparatory to his siege of the capital, a busy faction in Castile was laboring to subvert his authority and defeat his plans of conquest altogether. The fame of his brilliant exploits had spread not only through the Isles, but to Spain and many parts of Europe, where a general admiration was felt for the invincible energy of...
Siege And Surrender Of Mexico - Part 5
No sooner had CortÚs received intelligence that his two officers had established themselves in their respective posts, than he ordered Sandoval to march on Iztapalapan. The cavalier's route led him through a country for the most part friendly ; and at Chalco his little body of Spaniards was swelled by the formidable muster of Indian levies who awaited there his approach.
Siege And Surrender Of Mexico - Part 6
FAMINE was now gradually working its way into the heart of the beleaguered city. It seemed certain, that, with this strict blockade, the crowded population must in the end be driven to capitulate, though no arm should be raised against them. But it required time ; and the Spaniards, though constant and enduring by nature, began to be impatient of hardships scarcely inferior to those experienced...
Siege And Surrender Of Mexico - Part 7
THUS passed away the eight days prescribed by the oracle ; and the sun, which rose upon the ninth, beheld the fair city still beset on every side by the inexorable foe. It was a great mistake of the Aztec priests,-one not uncommon with false prophets, anxious to produce a startling impression on their followers,-to assign so short a term for the fulfilment of their prediction.
Siege And Surrender Of Mexico - Part 8
THERE was no occasion to resort to artificial means to precipitate the ruin of the Aztecs. It was accelerated every hour by causes more potent than those arising from mere human agency. There they were pent up in their close and suffocating quarters, nobles, commoners, and slaves, men, women, and children, some in houses, more frequently in hovels, for this part of the city was not the best...
Conclusion - Subsequent Career Of Cortes - Part 1
THE history of the Conquest of Mexico terminates with the surrender of the capital. But the history of the Conquest is so intimately blended with that of the extraordinary man who achieved it, that there would seem to be an incompleteness in the narrative, if it were not continued to the close of his personal career. This part of the subject has been very imperfectly treated by preceding writers.
Conclusion - Subsequent Career Of Cortes - Part 2
IN less than four years from the destruction of Mexico, a new city had risen on its ruins, which, if inferior to the ancient capital in extent, surpassed it in magnificence and strength. It occupied so exactly the same site as its predecessor, that the plaza mayor, or great square, was the same spot which had been covered by the huge teocalli and the palace of Montezuma ; while the principal...
Conclusion - Subsequent Career Of Cortes - Part 3
IN the last Chapter we have seen that Christoval de Olid was sent by CortÚs to plant a colony in Honduras. The expedition was attended with consequences which had not been foreseen. Made giddy by the possession of power, Olid, when he had reached his place of destination, determined to assert an independent jurisdiction for himself.
Conclusion - Subsequent Career Of Cortes - Part 4
THE intelligence alluded to in the preceding Chapter, was conveyed in a letter to CortÚs from the licentiate Zuazo, one of the functionaries to whom the general had committed the administration of the country during his absence. It contained full particulars of the tumultuous proceedings in the capital.
Conclusion - Subsequent Career Of Cortes - Part 5
EARLY in the spring of 1530, CortÚs embarked for New Spain. He was accompanied by the marchioness, his wife, together with his aged mother, who had the good fortune to live to see her son's elevation, and by a magnificent retinue of pages and attendants, such as belonged to the household of a powerful noble.
Origin Of The Mexican Civilization & Analogies With The Old World
WHEN the Europeans first touched the shores of America, it was as if they had alighted on another planet, every thing there was so different from what they had before seen. They were introduced to new varieties of plants, and to unknown races of animals ; while man, the lord of all, was equally strange, in complexion, language, and institutions.
Original Documents
I have thought it best to have this translation made in the most literal manner, that the reader may have a correct idea of the strange mixture of simplicity, approaching to childishness, and moral sublimity, which exist together in the original. It is the product of the twilight of civilization.
An Ancient Profession
Someone ought to rise and make remarks about the Secretary. Nobody seems to have done it, at least in a connected way, there-fore, I will attempt it, but briefly withal, and as impersonally as may be possible. I have searched the catalogue of one of the largest libraries of the United States with-out finding a line about the secretary or his duties.
Secretary In Literature
Passing down the ages and over many famous secretaries for the present, we find Shakspere's record of the office in 'King Henry VIII' where Cardinal Wolsey had four of them, Sir Henry Guildford, Sir Thomas Lovell, Sir Anthony Denny and Sir Nicholas Vaux and the King himself had Gardiner, bishop of Winchester.
Universality Of The Vocation
The secretary of a university itself may have, and generally does have a vital influence on its welfare and reputation, simply because of his willingness to accept responsibility, to do what he finds to do, nay more, to find those things to do which will most redound to its benefit, and on account of the confidence that is inspired by his ability, personality and fidelity.
Powers
The powers and duties of the secretary are determined by the By-Laws and vary with the organization and the objects for which it is established. For a corporation in business, after defining the duties of she president and vice-presidents and sometimes preceding the latter, the following paragraph is typical of the usual formula for the secretary.
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