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Minor Writers
One of the earliest imitators of Sir Walter Scott was George Payne Rainsford James (1801-1860), who published his first and perhaps best novel, Richelieu, in 1825.
Charles Kingsley
Charles Kingsley was the apostle of muscular Christianity, but. his life was singularly uneventful. He was born in June, 1819, at Dartmoor, Devon, where his father was an old-fashioned fox-hunting rector.
Thomas Adolphus Trollope
Among the severe British criticisms of America none was more deeply resented than Mrs. Frances Trollope's Domestic Manners of the Americans.
Charles Reade
Perhaps one of the most eccentric English authors was Charles Reade (1814-1884). He was born at Ipsden, near Oxford, graduated at that University, and was elected a Fellow of Magdalen College.
Charlotte Bronte
Women have held a conspicuous place among the writers of Victoria's reign. Prominent among the novelists was Charlotte Bronte (1816-1855), the eldest of three sisters, daughters of an eccentric Irishman, who had become parson of a moorland parish in Yorkshire.
George Eliot
In the sixth decade of the Century a new name appeared in imaginative literature, to which at once high rank was awarded.
Poetry Of The Early Victorian Period
After the great and sudden outburst of song in the early years of the Century there came a season of comparative lull.
Alfred Tennyson
Alfred Tennyson distinctly devoted his life to poetry, and though, without fortune, waited patiently for recognition by the world.
Robert Browning
Browning was in almost everything in direct contrast with his great contemporary, Tennyson. From his first utterance the latter was recognized as a sweet singer, long before he was found to be an interpreter of the human heart.
Mrs. E. B. Browning
By universal consent Mrs. Browning is the first of England's women poets.
Minor Poets
Caroline Elizabeth Sarah Norton (1808-1877), often called the Hon. Mrs. Norton, was a granddaughter of the famous Richard Brinsley Sheridan.
Thomas Hood
The contrast between the hard life struggle and the mirth-provoking works of Thomas Hood (1798-1845) is truly pathetic.
Owen Meredith
Owen Meredith is the name in literature of Robert, first Earl of Lytton (1831-1892) only son of the novelist Bulwer. He was an indefatigable writer of verse, beginning with Clytemnestra (1885).
Historical Literature Of The Early Victorian Period
The literature of the Nineteenth Century has been distinguished by large and valuable additions to history.
Henry Thomas Buckle
A most remarkable historical monument is the incomplete History of Civilization by Henry Thomas Buckle (1823-1862).
Henry Hallam
Three great historical works form the monument of Henry Hallam. They are distinguished by their judicial impartiality, and are referred to as authorities by men of all parties.
Sir Archibald Alison
Sir Archibald Alison (1792-1867) was the son of a clergyman of the same name, whose Essay on the Principles of Taste was long admired.
Henry Hart Milman
Henry Hart Milman (1791-1868) was distinguished as a poet and even dramatist before he became a church historian.
John Lingard
Turning now to the history of England itself, the earliest name encountered is that of John Lingard (1771-1851).
Thomas Babington Macaulay
In popular esteem the foremost historian of the century is still the brilliant partisan Macaulay. He gives to events of the past, not too remote for general interest, a perennial freshness.
Thomas Carlyle
Like a rugged peak towering grandly above the undulations of a mountain range, stands Thomas Carlyle among the great writers of the century.
Theological Writers
Few writers of theological works can be treated in a history of general literature. Yet some have had such wide effect on the public mind and have given occasion for so much discussion that they claim special mention.
Scientific Literature Of The Early Victorian Period
Science has occupied a prominent and steadily increasing place in the publications of the Nineteenth Century.
Charles Robert Darwin
Charles Robert Darwin, the greatest man of science of his time, was born at Shrewsbury in 1809.
Thomas Henry Huxley
Thomas Henry Huxley (1825-1895) was not only a scientist, but a ready writer on many topics.
John Tyndall
Another scientist who claims attention by felicity of style is John Tyndall (1820-1893). He was born near Carlow, Ireland, and became an assistant in the Ordnance Survey in 1839.
Periodical Literature And Criticism
Dickens, who was much more than a novelist, gave a new impulse to periodical literature by starting House-hold Words on lines of his own devising.
Matthew Arnold
Matthew Arnold (1822-1888) was distinguished as both poet and critic, but especially in the latter capacity.
John Ruskin
The greatest master of English prose is John Ruskin, who after setting out to be an artist, became an art-critic, and thence proceeded to be a critic of everything pertaining to human life.
Third Or Later Victorian Period
The period from 1860 to 1870 was the heyday of Liberalism and Reform. A willing ear was lent to all who had proposals for the welfare of mankind.
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