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The establishment of the theory of evolution is generally conceded to be the scientific achievement of the age.
The Nineteenth Century has witnessed the nativity of geology.
Progress in astronomy has been so great during the Nineteenth Century that a mere catalogue of the discoveries, and those to whom they are due, would fill vastly more than the space that we have at our disposal...
If it be true that, as the poet Pope says, - The proper study of mankind is man, mankind owes an immense debt to the Nineteenth Century for its anthropology alone.
Exploration And Discovery
As an era of exploration and discovery the Nineteenth Century vies with that of which Columbus was the central figure.
In no direction has there been greater progress during the past Century than in education.
Medical Science, Hygiene, And Surgery
To the sick and suffering science has proved, in the Nineteenth Century, an angel with healing in its wings.
Modern Warfare
In all the long history of warfare, which is in reality the narrative of the world's progress from earliest time, there is no similar period in which changes so vast and far-reaching have taken place as during the latter half of the present century.
Printing And Publishing
In these days of printing presses that turn out acres of thought transferred to paper quicker than the twinkling of an eye, it is strange to think that the beginning of all this complicated machinery of today was so recent as 1803.
First Or Pre-victorian Period--1800-1837
In the opening of the Nineteenth Century the virtuous but obstinate George III was King of England.
Walter Scott
English literature in the Eighteenth Century had sunk into general monotony. The prevailing form of prose-writing was smooth didactic or reflective essays, except so far as some daring but incompetent novelists tried spasmodic, melodramatic tales.
Lord Byron
The genius and force of Lord Byron had powerful effect not only on the youth of his own time in England, but in France, Germany, Italy, and throughout Europe.
Thomas Moore
Thomas Moore, at one time eulogized as the most brilliant poet in England, is remembered chiefly by his popular Irish Melodies, songs which have not lost all their charm.
Percy Bysshe Shelley
Even more than the passionate, erratic Byron the mild, philanthropic Shelley was the poet of revolt against the laws and forms of his age, yet he had much less influence in this direction.
John Keats
John Keats was' another remarkable manifestation of the poetic spirit of this period, though he had nothing of the revolutionary outburst.
Leigh Hunt
Leigh Hunt is notable as an associate of most of the prominent English writers of the first half of the century. His father had been a Tory lawyer in Philadelphia, but left after the Revolution and took orders in England.
William Wordsworth
Two chief branches of the Romantic school of poetry which characterized the opening of this century, have been treated in brief outline the first, comprising Scott, Byron, and Moore; the second, containing Shelley, Keats, and Leigh Hunt.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Coleridge, who was most intimately associated with Wordsworth in his youth and stimulated his early poetical work, was yet of entirely different character.
Robert Southey
Southey in his youth seemed likely to be as radical in opposition to English ways as Byron, yet he soon settled down to steady work as a Quarterly Reviewer, an unflinching supporter of Church and State.
Reviewers, Magazinists And Minor Poets Of The First Period
The judicious Scotch lawyer and the witty English clergyman who gave the chief impulse to the Edinburgh Review in its first quarter of a century, deserve a little further notice.
Women Writers Of The First Period
A marked feature of the Nineteenth Century has been the number and excellence of its women writers. The first of merit still acknowledged is Maria Edgeworth (1767-1849).
Summary Of The Pre-victorian Literature
In the first third of the Nineteenth Century, England underwent one of its periodic revolutions in thought, politics, and literature.
Second Or Early Victorian Periodó1837-1870
Students of English history note that the fourth decade of the century (1831-40), in which Victoria came to the throne, marks broadly a definite stage of progress.
Earle Lytton Bulwer
The novel is the leading element in the literature of Victoria's reign. It had been prominent from the beginning of the century, but now, by its ever-increasing quantity and its higher artistic excellence, it commanded attention and admiration from reluctant critics.
Charles Dickens
Nearly ten years after the first success of the versatile aristocratic Bulwer, another novelist of humble origin and widely different genius sent the English world into fits of laughter.
Though Thackeray was born a year before Dickens, he was more than a decade later in reaching popularity, and even then it was by no means equal to his great competitor's.
Benjamin Disraeli
Perhaps the most unique figure in English literature is Benjamin Disraeli, who, after a remarkable political career, full of stormy fights and glorious victories, became Earl of Beaconsfield.
Captain Frederick Marryat
In the early numbers of Blackwood's Magazine appeared two series of sea-sketches The Cruise of the Midge and Tom Cringle's Log.
Charles Lever
The military novels of Charles Lever have a strong resemblance to the nautical novels of Captain Marryat. Both authors endow their characters with an exuberant flow of animal spirits and furnish a rapid succession of amusing and exciting incidents.
Other Irish Story Writers
There are other novelists who more truly or fully represent the Irish character. John Banim (1800-1842 ) in Tales of the O'Hara Family and The Denounced shows the passionate and tragic side of peasant life.
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