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Story Of The Ferret
The ferret is one of the many animals that have given a word to the English language. The instinctive desire to follow burrowing animals is the most striking peculiarity of the ferret, and his ability as a rat-catcher and rabbit-hunter is well known.
Story Of The Chipmunk
Among the prettiest of the wild animals of the United States is the chipmunk, or ground squirrel. Who could desire a prettier coat than the chipmunk wears?
Story Of The Cavy
The species of cavy with which American children are most familiar is known as the guinea pig.
Story Of The Marten
My experience with martens has shown me that they are among the most bloodthirsty of the small animals. They are closely related to the smaller polecats, stoats and weasels.
Story Of The Lemur
So many people mistake lemurs for monkeys, that I have decided to speak at - some length of the former animals. The resemblance between lemurs and monkeys is so strong that it is difficult to explain in a popular -work the exact difference without treating of the anatomy, the physical construction of both.
Story Of The Echidna
One of the queerest ant-eating animals with which I am acquainted is the echidna, or spiny ant-eater. There are two species of this queer animal, which differ widely in appearance from the duckbill and are found over a larger area of territory.
Story Of The Mink
Among the fur-bearing animals that have been a source of profit to hunters and trappers is the mink, a very near relative of the polecat.
Story Of The Wapi
On the Semliki River, near the borders of the great Congo forest, I first heard of and later saw one of the queerest animals in the known world. The natives called it the wapi, but a naturalist of the present day, who has learned much about it, has given it the name of okapi.
Story Of The Wolverine
One of the great states of the Union, Michigan, is given the nickname of an animal which was once plentiful within its boundaries, but is now nearly extinct in the United States the wolverine, or, as it is called by naturalists, the glutton.
Story Of The Skunk
The most ill-favored of all American animals is the skunk, owing to the odor of a secretion which it is able to eject with great force.
Story Of The Birds - Part 1
Hairy Pelican—Pelicans are easily recognized by their enormous beaks, on the lower part of which is a hugh pouch which may be compared to a bag-net, to which the upper part of the beak acts as a lid.
Story Of The Birds - Part 2
Cassowary,--The cassowary shown in the illustration is confined to the Island of Ceram, and was the first species of this extraordinary bird made known to science. There are now nine species known, the others inhabiting Australia, New Guinea and the nearby islands.
Medieval Civilization
HISTORY is commonly divided, for convenience' sake, into three great periods - ancient, medieval, and modern. Such a division is, this extent, a natural one that each of these periods in a large view of it is distinguished by certain peculiarities from the others.
What The Middle Ages Started With
IT follows from what has been said in the introduction that our nineteenth-century civilization has not merely that complexity of character of which we are so conscious, but also that it is complex in origin.
Addition Of Christianity
INTO this Roman empire there came the Christian religion as the first of the great influences transforming the ancient into the modern world, and adding its contribution of great ideas to those of the Greeks and Romans.
German Conquest And The Fall Of Rome
WITH the introduction of one more, the four chief sources of our civilization were brought together. The Germans had waited long. That restless movement of their tribes in search of new lands which overwhelmed the empire in the fifth century had begun five hundred years earlier.
What The Germans Added
IN passing to the special consideration of the additions which the Germans made to the ancient civilization it is necessary to give the first place to what was probably their most valuable contribution, the Germans themselves.
Formation Of The Papacy
THE centuries whose outline we have been studying were dark and despairing centuries for the patriotic Roman. It seemed as if the world was falling to ruin around him. Calamity followed calamity in quick succession.
The Franks And Charlemagne
IN the account of the German conquest which was given in the fourth chapter the history of one tribe —the Franks, was entirely omitted.
After Charlemagne
THE empire of Charlemagne passed at first into the hands of his son Louis and its formal unity was preserved. But Louis was by no means the equal of his father in strength and decision, and the control of affairs passed by degrees out of his hands to the bishops and the great nobles, to his sons, and even to his wife.
Feudal System
OUT of the fragments of the Carolingian empire the modern nations were finally to arise. But there was in the meantime, as we have seen, a considerable period, after the fall of the old government, before any real national governments, at all corresponding to the mod-ern idea, came into existence.
The Empire And The Papacy
At a time when the feudal system was at its height, that is, when there was great separation and local independance, and when the universal and the common had very little power, the minds of many men were strongly held by two theories, so general and comprehensive in character, that it seems impossible that they should have existed at such a time.
The Crusades
IN following the history of the empire and the papacy in the last chapter we have passed out of the early middle ages into a new and different time.
Growth Of Commerce And Its Results
IF there is one line of advance in civilization which is a necessary condition of progress in all other directions it would seem to be economic advance.
Formation Of France
WHEREVER the influences which were described in the last chapter had an opportunity to work under favorable political conditions, only one result was possible a national consciousness began to arise and the national government began to be more directly an expression of that consciousness: governments, in other words, began to exist having reality as well as a name to be.
England And The Other States
Our brief sketch of English history before the Norman conquest revealed two facts of the highest importance in their bearing upon the later English constitution. One was that only the slightest Roman influence had been felt by the Saxons, the other that the feudal system of the continent had obtained no footing in the island.
The Renaissance
WE have now traced, as resulting from the influence imparted by the crusades, great economic and political revolutions which changed the face of history, and brought the middle ages to a close so far as their influence reached.
The Papacy In The New Age
IN the tenth chapter we followed the conflict between the church and the empire to its close in the thirteenth century. The papacy had come out of that conflict apparently victorious over its only rival. Frederick II. had failed, and no new emperor had arisen to take his place with a power which could be at all dangerous to the pope's.
The Reformation
BY the beginning of the sixteenth century the middle ages had come to an end in almost every line of civilization. Politically, economically, and intellectually the new forces and the new methods had possession of the field. The old were not yet beaten at every point. On many matters of detail much fighting had yet to be done.
Summary - Medieval Civilization
We have now followed the course of European civilization from the time when the various streams which united to form it were drawing together at the close of ancient history, until all its various elements were completely united and had begun the more rapid advance which we term modern history.
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