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Introduction To Land Cruising
TO the men who follow the compass, the trap and the trail this work is inscribed. It is not intended for the Professors who can tell you all about things after they are done (by somebody else). Gen. Grant once had an old bridge builder who was superintendent of his bridge building.
Land Cruising And Prospecting
MAPS. The first thing for a hunter or trapper to know if he is going to do anything in this line is how to read a map, find the location of different places, counties, towns, cities, rivers, railroads, the points of the compass, etc., the top of a map being always north.
The Compass
The compass is the whole thing in looking up land or locating a mineral claim. Without this little instrument we could do absolutely nothing. It is simple but very sensitive. It is no more than a sharp steel post on which is pivoted a flat steel needle which is magnetized.
Examining And Locating
We will assume for an illustration that you are hunting or cruising or running a line of traps and you run across a piece of land or a piece of pine that looks good to you but you don't know where it is, or rather its location or your location on the map.
Early Surveys
The cruiser will, in looking up land, find corners and posts that do not have to do with his work in finding land, that is directly, and we will here explain them how they came there and what they are there for.
Corner Marks
CORNER STONES. Wherever it is deemed best to use stones for boundaries instead of posts, surveyors or cruisers may at any corner insert edgewise in the ground to the depth of 7 or 8 inches a stone...
Points For Homesteaders
Persons desiring to make homestead entries should fully inform themselves as to the character and quality of the land they wish to locate and cannot enter it until they have visited and examined it. You will have to make oath to this. Information in regard to a piece of land being subject. to entry can be obtained at the local land office.
Prospecting For Gold, Etc.
What to look for, if you are prospecting for leads and are in a granite country, look for tin and quartz. If in a limestone country, look for iron and zinc. Hornblende is the name of a stone that will be referred to quite frequently in these remarks and looks like mica, but is harder and does not split like mica.
Sampling Ore
As I have mentioned before, it is a good policy to take samples of any mineral that strikes you as being valuable, especially if it is heavy or even if it is light, and is a strange piece of rock. It is a good idea if there are any veins open in that country or district to take a look at the ore, they are taking out.
How To Locate A Claim
If you think a claim worth locating and I would say here not to locate every little thing you find, uncover as much of your vein as possible and file two claims. Start from the center of your outcrop and with a tape line measure 1500 feet each way and 300 feet each side and no other way.
Poor Man's Ore Mill
There is an ore mill that has been used in Mexico for hundreds of years, called the Arrastras, and with all the so-called modern improvements they can hold their own and better for good work. Their only fault is their lack of capacity.
Prospecting For Fur
The Land Cruiser and Prospector who spend many months each season in the woods and upon the plains are pretty well posted upon the best sections for game, fur, feathers and fish. Some of this class follow trapping to a certain extent while others do not.
Prospecting For Pearls
Pearls are brilliant, lustrous formations, consisting largely of carbonate of lime interstratifled with animal membrane, found in the shells of certain mollusks.
Prospecting For Bees
In this article it is the intention of the writer to explain the manner in which the sport of hunting the wild bee is pursued, and I wish to explain it in such a way that the amateur may understand. If I am able to give some old bee hunters a pointer, my object in writing this will have been attained.
Rations And Camp Cooking
This book would be incomplete if some account was not taken of rations, camp equipage, guns, tents, bedding, etc. One cannot do better than to follow the U. S. Army ration as Uncle Sam is very practical and liberal. He issues the biggest and best rations to his boys of any government on earth.
Camp Kits
A good many people differ on what constitutes a good light camp kit for a cruiser, prospector, hunter or trapper. I can give my own which has done nie good service for quite a while. My cooking outfit is very elaborate.
Guns, Axes And Packstraps
There is a great difference of opinion in regard to rifles. Every one has his pet and one has to consider what kind of game he is going after. A barrel should be rifled with a twist that will spin a bullet just right. If it spins too fast it will keyhole or go sideways, and it will do this same thing if it spins too slow.
Building Cabins, Tanning, Etc
As I have seen so many inquiries in the HT-T about building cabins, making moccasins and tanning buckskins, and other inquiries, I thought I would write and let them know who don't know what I know. Boys, it takes everybody to know everything so don't be afraid to tell.
Getting Lost
This is not intended for the man who goes into the wilderness and mountains with a proper compass and maps he don't need any advice. If he has these articles he probably knows how to use them. This is intended for the man who leaves camp for a little hunt or to visit some other camp or to look up strayed stock and gets turned around and the best of them do.
The Red River Trapper
Moulton, known far and wide as the Red River trapper and hunter, worked with me and for me off and on for two years. He was a man whom I never knew to utter an oath, never knew him to drink anything stronger than black coffee.
Story Of The Bear
I have met all kinds of bears in my travels through wild lands and some species of bears I have met many times. I have met some in peace and some in war. Bears are so unlike any other animal that they cannot be well described by comparison.
Brown Bear
The brown bear is one of the largest species, furnished in winter with long, thick, shaggy, and soft fur, beneath which is a thick and woolly under-fur; the ears being of moderate size, and covered with long hair. The color is generally some shade of brown, although subject to great variation.
American Black Bear
The American black bear differs from the brown bear much more than does the grizzly. It is a smaller animal than the brown bear, with a smaller head, sharper muzzle, and more regularly convex profile of the face, as well as a much shorter hind-foot. In length this bear seldom exceeds 5 feet.
Ugly Sloth Bear
The ugliest of all the bear tribe is the sloth bear of India. It is covered with very long and coarse fur, which attains its greatest length on the, shoulders. With the exception of the end of the muzzle being dirty grey, and of the white chevron on the chest, the color of the fur is black, but the long claws are white.
Parti-colored Bear
The strangest animal of all the family of bears is found in that practically unknown country of Thibet. It was first discovered in 1869.
Polar Bear
Arctic explorers have had many strange and exciting experiences with the great white bear that lives among the ice and snows of the polar regions in both hemispheres. On the north coasts of America and Asia the Polar bear is found everywhere and becomes more and more numerous as one travels northward.
Himalayan Black Bear
With the black bear of the Himalaya we come to a very different animal, readily recognized by the white chevron or inverted crescent on the chest, from which it takes its scientific title, and which stands out in marked contrast to the jetty black of the remainder of the fur.
A Funny Little Bear
In the Malay Peninsula is found a small bear with a broad flat head, a little nose, and long curved claws.Its fur is very short and coarse, and is mostly black, although tending to brown in some parts; the muzzle is paler, or whitish, and the light band on the chest varies from white to orange, and sometimes extends as a streak on to the under part of the body.
A Bear That Wears Spectacles
The only bears found in South America inhabit the Andes Mountains in Peru.
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