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The Universe: Life's Exchange System
(Topic: The Universe, Philosophy, Thought) THE world has abundance of written creeds, but it is the unwritten ones that really count. Each man carries his own. After a certain number of years on this planet we most of us gain a conception of life which becomes hence-forth our working belief. Part of it inherited, and part of it home made, the whole gets shape and colour from our special experience.
The Universe: The Spiritual In Teaching
(Topic: The Universe, Philosophy, Thought) TEACHING is often thought of as a class function, but it is vastly more than that. When we have reckoned up the twenty thousand odd Anglican clergy, the yet greater array of Nonconforming ministers, and the vast host of public instructors, who in all spheres, from the infant class to the University lecture-hall, are drilling the nation's youth, we have only touched the fringe of our national army....
The Universe: Behind The Veil
(Topic: The Universe, Philosophy, Thought) HUMANITY, says Comte, consists more of the dead than of the living. We who are now here are the veriest fragment of those who have looked upon the sun. Life is a glimpse and a vanishing. The crowd that rolls in and out of London every day is as great this year as last, but its constituents have altered. Vast gaps would yawn in it were it not for fresh recruits. Uno avulso non deficit alter.
The Mind: The Method Of Science And Its Application To Metaphysics
(Topic: The Mind, Philosophy Of The Mind, Science And The Mind) THE CONFLICT OF OPINION AND THE ISSUE1. No one meditating on the present condition of the intellectual world can fail to be arrested by the evidences of its deep-seated unrest. _Yeast is working everywhere. Ancient formulas and time-honored creeds are yielding as much to internal pressure as to external assault. The expansion of. knowledge is loosening the very earth clutched by the roots of creeds and churches.
The Mind: The Method Of Science And Its Application To Metaphysics
(Topic: The Mind, Philosophy Of The Mind, Science And The Mind) THE CONDITIONS STATED 11. WHAT is here proclaimed is the possibility of finding rational solutions to questions which have hitherto baffled effort. And this will be effected by invoking those principles only which are invoked in physical re-search. The probabilities which guide us, and the certainties on which we rest in Science, will guide us here. In such an attempt, precisely because it is a first attempt, there wil
The Mind: The Method Of Science And Its Application To Metaphysics
(Topic: The Mind, Philosophy Of The Mind, Science And The Mind) A MOMENT'S reflection will show that the Experiential Method is by no means restricted to that enumeration of particulars and classification of sensations which is assumed to be its scope by those philosophers who vilify it under the name of Empiricism, and those rhetors who declaim against it as dealing with nothing but what can be seen and felt. It is the methodizing of what is known.
The Mind: The Method Of Science And Its Application To Metaphysics
(Topic: The Mind, Philosophy Of The Mind, Science And The Mind) THE Method just sketched in outline must be exhibited in practice through the subsequent chapters. What has already been said purports only to show that Metaphysics is possible under certain limitations which apply to all Science; and under this programme may be included everything that is rational in the persistent effort of mankind to solve certain problems, while at the same time firm hold...
The Mind: The Method Of Science And Its Application To Metaphysics
(Topic: The Mind, Philosophy Of The Mind, Science And The Mind) HAVING agreed that Metaphysics, or the science of the highest generalities, is possible, we may now inquire whether it should be detached from the sciences which severally furnish those generalities, and be erected into a separate Discipline (to use the German term), just as there is a separate Discipline of Logic formed out of the several logics...
The Mind: The Rules Of Philosophizing
(Topic: The Mind, Philosophy Of The Mind, Science And The Mind) AT the opening of his Third Book, Newton sets forth the Rules of Reasoning in Philosophy, which in England have been generally accepted with an almost unquestioning reverence. Yet Newton himself never professed them to be exhaustive ; and indeed, as Whewell remarks, they were obviously constructed with an intentional adaptation to the case with which he had to deal...
The Mind: Psychological Principles
(Topic: The Mind, Philosophy Of The Mind, Science And The Mind) MAN is not simply an Animal Organism, he is also a unit in a Social Organism. He leads an individual life, which is also part of a collective life. Hence two classes of Motors : the personal and the sympathetic, - the egoistic and the altruistic. From these chiefly issue the Animal sentient life, and the Human intellectual and moral life.
The Mind: The Limitations Of Knowledge
(Topic: The Mind, Philosophy Of The Mind, Science And The Mind) HODGE, who has never left his native village, knows little of this wondrous planet, and less of the wondrous universe of planets ; yet something of it he does know, and this knowledge is real, if narrow, nor would it be made more real by a wider horizon. The cattle grazing in the meadow, the pigs foraging through the quiet street, the apple-blossoms brightening the orchard, the rooks cawing...
The Mind: The Sensational And A Priori Hypotheses
(Topic: The Mind, Philosophy Of The Mind, Science And The Mind) THE school of Locke maintains that 'there is nothing in the Intellect which was not previously in Sense; all the differences between our thoughts and our sensations are due, not to differences of origin, but to differences of combination.'
The Mind: The Sensible, Extra-sensible, And Supra-sensible
(Topic: The Mind, Philosophy Of The Mind, Science And The Mind) THE discussion of the origin of Knowledge which, has just occupied us is chiefly important in reference to the possible range and validity of Knowledge ; although primarily a question of Pyschogeny, and therefore interesting only to special students, it is secondarily the vital question of Philosophy, since on it rests the whole of philosophical Method.
The Mind: The Reality Of Abstractions
(Topic: The Mind, Philosophy Of The Mind, Science And The Mind) No reproach is more frequently urged against metaphysicians than that they confound abstractions with realities, and treat the figments of the mind as objective existences. Nor is it to be denied that the reproach is often deserved, for the error is one to which our native infirmity predisposes all of us.
The Mind: Ideal Construction In Science
(Topic: The Mind, Philosophy Of The Mind, Science And The Mind) 'No priestly dogmas,' says Hume, 'invented on purpose to tame and subdue the rebellious reason of mankind, ever shocked common-sense more than the doctrine of the infinite divisibility of extension with its consequences, as they are pompously displayed by all geometricians and metaphysicians with a kind of triumph and exultation.
The Mind: What Are Laws Of Nature?
(Topic: The Mind, Philosophy Of The Mind, Science And The Mind) REFERRING to what was briefly stated in our Introduction, we there saw that Law was originally supposed to have not only an objective existence in the phenomena, but an objective existence independent of the phenomena ; and this ancient error is still alive.
The Mind: The Use And Abuse Of Hypothesis
(Topic: The Mind, Philosophy Of The Mind, Science And The Mind) COULD we observe the processes of nature we should need no Science to explain them : Perception would suffice. But we cannot observe them, or can observe them only in fragments; we must therefore imagine what 'we cannot see, and link the fragments into a whole.
The Mind: The Passage From The Abstract To The Concrete
(Topic: The Mind, Philosophy Of The Mind, Science And The Mind) THE recognition of the fact that Science is in no respect a plain transcript of Reality, in no respect a picture of the External Order, but wholly an ideal construction in which the manifold relations of Reals are taken up and assimilated by the mind, and there transformed into relations of ideas, so that the world of Sense is changed into the world of Thought, - this fact leads to the deeply...
The Mind: Ideal Construction In Metaphysics
(Topic: The Mind, Philosophy Of The Mind, Science And The Mind) IN the foregoing exposition of the nature of Science, stress has been laid on its being ideal construction and not faithful representation of what is, has been, or could be presented to Sense. The philosopher looks away from the Visible and Actual, endeavoring to form a picture of the Invisible and Possible.
The Mind: The Search After Causes
(Topic: The Mind, Philosophy Of The Mind, Science And The Mind) PHILOSOPHY is the generalization of Research. What is sought ? The causes of visible appearances ; not the appearances themselves, for they are already found. On this -point there is unanimity. Yet observe the contradiction ! Many philosophers, metaphysical and positive, declare that causes cannot be known. If beyond knowledge, why then are they sought ?
The Mind: Intuition And Demonstration
(Topic: The Mind, Philosophy Of The Mind, Science And The Mind) THE main positions occupied by those who defend the Metaphysical Method, and by those who believe in the possibility of Metempirics, are the evidences of a source of knowledge which is antecedent to and independent of Experience, and of a kind of knowledge which transcends Experience. We must have a higher organ, it is said, because we have the higher knowledge. That organ is Intuition, that knowledge is Necessary Truth.
The Mind: Axioms And Their Validity
(Topic: The Mind, Philosophy Of The Mind, Science And The Mind) THE preceding considerations must be completed by an examination of Axioms, which, owing to a philosophical prejudice often greatly misleading, are supposed to have a higher validity than Theorems, all truths of a wide generality being held to be more certain than particular truths; and from this higher validity there is often deduced the conclusion of a deeper origin.
The Mind: Necessary Truths
(Topic: The Mind, Philosophy Of The Mind, Science And The Mind) Two errors have been rife in modern Philosophy : 1, the reliance on Demonstration when the operation has been accurately performed, without regard to the intuitions, - in other words, whether the symbols operated on have, or have not, assignable values; 2, the reliance on clear ideas as objectively axiomatic, and on axioms as objectively true.
The Mind: Mathematics An Empirical Science
(Topic: The Mind, Philosophy Of The Mind, Science And The Mind) BY a splendid tour de force Kant answered the question, How are Metaphysics possible ? He approached it through the more fundamental question, How are judgments independent of Experience possible ? Since Metaphysics claimed to solve problems which avowedly transcended the reach of Experience...
The Mind: Some Observations On Kant
(Topic: The Mind, Philosophy Of The Mind, Science And The Mind) OUR survey of the Limitations of Knowledge may end here, since to carry it further we should have to invoke the results of au examination into the psychological mechanism, which must be reserved for future Problems. All that now remains is to point out the radical difference between the empirical, and metempirical philosophies...
The Mind: The Place Of Sentiment In Philosophy
(Topic: The Mind, Philosophy Of The Mind, Science And The Mind) OUR survey of the sources and limitations of Knowledge would be manifestly incomplete if it omitted the element of Sentiment, or Emotion, which obviously plays a considerable part in the construction of social and religious theories, and less obviously, but yet demonstrably, in the construction of even common perceptions.
Sketches: The Gold Coin
(Topic: Sketches, Short Stories, Inspiration) 'Matches! matches! who'll buy my matches?' rang out clearly on the morning air from the lips of a little boy of not more than eight summers. But the cry was unheeded by the fashionable Mrs. Allen, as she drew her rustling silks aside that they might not come in contact with the coarse garments of the little match-boy.
Sketches: Opportunities
(Topic: Sketches, Short Stories, Inspiration) Reader, did you ever think how swiftly opportunities are passing away never more to return? Today you may have an opportunity to do an act of kindness, which, if improved, will make your name shine brightly upon the earth, and as a star through all eternity ; but with the day the opportunity is gone forever.
Sketches: All Is Not Gold That Glitters
(Topic: Sketches, Short Stories, Inspiration) 'Oh see! I've found a prize,' said little Ella May as she clambered over the rugged rocks and up the steep hillside a full half rod in advance of her companions, to gain the sparkling gem that shone like a diamond in the bright rays of the morning sun ; but why that look of disappointment?Instead of a gold bracelet all set with diamonds she finds nothing but a few fragments of broken glass.
Sketches: The Village Teacher
(Topic: Sketches, Short Stories, Inspiration) Half hidden behind the maple grove which shaded the village school-house, was a group of children, between the ages of four and sixteen, interested in discussing the merits of the expected new teacher, whom none but Saul Summers, the ugliest boy in the village, had been fortunate enough to meet.
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