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Christianity: Prologue [Controverted Questions, 1892]
(Topic: Christianity, Christian Thought, Christian Philosophy) MOST of the Essays comprised in the present volume have been written during the last six or seven years, without premeditated purpose or intentional connection, in reply to attacks upon doctrines which I hold to be well founded ; or in refutation of allegations respecting matters lying within the province of natural knowledge, which I believe to be erroneous...
Christianity: Scientific And Pseudo-Scientific Realism [1887]
(Topic: Christianity, Christian Thought, Christian Philosophy) NEXT to undue precipitation in anticipating the results of pending investigations, the intellectual sin which is commonest and most hurtful to those who devote themselves to the increase of knowledge is the omission to profit by the experience of their predecessors recorded in the history of science and philosophy.
Christianity: Science And Pseudo-Science [1887]
(Topic: Christianity, Christian Thought, Christian Philosophy) IN the opening sentences of a contribution to the last number of this Review, the Duke of Argyll has favoured me with a lecture on the proprieties of controversy, to which I should be disposed to listen with more docility if his Grace's precepts appeared to me to be based upon rational principles, or if his example were more exemplary.
Christianity: An Episcopal Trilogy
(Topic: Christianity, Christian Thought, Christian Philosophy) IF there is any truth in the old adage that a burnt child dreads the fire, I ought to be very loath to touch a sermon, while the memory of what befell me on a recent occasion, possibly not yet forgotten by the readers of the Nineteenth Century, is uneffaced.
Christianity: The Value Of Witness To The Miraculous
(Topic: Christianity, Christian Thought, Christian Philosophy) CHARLES, or, more properly, Karl, King of the Franks, consecrated Roman Emperor in St. Peter's on Christmas Day, A.D. 800, and known to posterity as the Great (chiefly by his agglutinative Gallicised denomination of Charlemagne), was a man great in all ways, physically and mentally. Within a couple of centuries after his death Charlemagne became the centre of innumerable legends...
Christianity: Possibilities And Impossibilities [1891]
(Topic: Christianity, Christian Thought, Christian Philosophy) IN the course of a discussion which has been going on during the last two years,1 it has been maintained by the defenders of ecclesiastical Christianity that the demonology of the books of the New Testament is an essential and integral part of the revelation of the nature of the spiritual world promulgated by Jesus of Nazareth.
Christianity: Agnosticism [1889]
(Topic: Christianity, Christian Thought, Christian Philosophy) WITHIN the last few months, the public has received much and varied information on the subject of agnostics, their tenets, and even their future. Agnosticism exercised the orators of the Church Congress at Manchester. It has been furnished with a set of 'articles' fewer, but not less rigid, and certainly not less consistent than the thirty-nine ; its nature has been analysed...
Christianity: Agnosticism : A Rejoinder [1889]
(Topic: Christianity, Christian Thought, Christian Philosophy) THOSE who passed from Dr. Wace's article in the last number of the 'Nineteenth Century' to the anticipatory confutation of it which followed in 'The New Reformation,' must have enjoyed the pleasure of a dramatic surprise just as when the fifth act of a new play proves unexpectedly bright and interesting. Mrs. Ward will, I hope, pardon the comparison, if I say that her effective clearing away...
Christianity: Agnosticism And Christianity
(Topic: Christianity, Christian Thought, Christian Philosophy) THE present discussion has arisen out of the use, which has become general in the last few years, of the terms 'Agnostic' and 'Agnosticism.' The people who call themselves 'Agnostics' have been charged with doing so because they have not the courage to declare themselves 'Infidels.' It has been insinuated that they have adopted a new name in order to escape the unpleasantness which attaches to their proper denomination.
Christianity: The Keepers Of The Herd Of Swine
(Topic: Christianity, Christian Thought, Christian Philosophy) I HAD fondly hoped that Mr. Gladstone and I had come to an end of disputation, and that the hatchet of war was finally superseded by the calumet, which, as Mr. Gladstone, I believe, objects to tobacco, I was quite willing to smoke for both. But I have had, once again, to discover that the adage that whoso seeks peace will ensue it, is a somewhat hasty generalisation.
Christianity: Illustrations Of Mr. Gladstone's Controversial Methods
(Topic: Christianity, Christian Thought, Christian Philosophy) THE series of essays, in defence of the historical accuracy of the Jewish and Christian Scriptures, contributed by Mr. Gladstone to 'Good Words,' having been revised and enlarged by their author, appeared last year as a separate volume, under the somewhat defiant title of 'The Impregnable Rock of Holy Scripture.'
Mystics: On The Psychology Of Mysticism
(Topic: Mystics, Mysticism, English Mystics) GOD has spoken by the prophets at sundry times and in divers manners. He fulfils Himself in many ways, lest one good custom should corrupt the world. Revelation-the unveiling of the Divine to human apprehension - should not be regarded as a particular mode of communicating Divine truth, differing from other modes by its immediacy or externality.
Mystics: The Ancren Riwle And Julian Of Norwich
(Topic: Mystics, Mysticism, English Mystics) THE life of the recluse is now seldom chosen and never respected. It is difficult for us to realise that it was once a career, and not the abdication of all careers. The professional saint almost disappeared from Northern Europe at or before the Reformation. In the earlier Middle Ages, however, his was a recognised manner of life which, however austere, did not at all condemn him who had chosen it...
Mystics: Mystical Phenomena With Walter Hylton
(Topic: Mystics, Mysticism, English Mystics) THE picture of human life as a spiritual Jacob's ladder, on which angels are for ever ascending and descending, and which we all have to climb step by step, is as old as the rule of St Benedict. The idea of a gradual ascent, not in time or place, but from stage to stage of reality, leaving behind us the vain shadows of earth, and beholding ever more clearly the mysteries of Divine truth...
Mystics: William Law On English Mystics
(Topic: Mystics, Mysticism, English Mystics) PROBABLY no period of English history has been so antagonistic to all that the word mysticism stands for, as the Georgian era. 'Enthusiasm' was the bugbear of the eighteenth century. The word was used as a deadly controversial missile. A Georgian bishop is praised on his tombstone, which adorns, or rather disfigures, the walls of his cathedral, for his zeal in repressing 'enthusiasm.'
Mystics: The Mysticism Of Wordsworth
(Topic: Mystics, Mysticism, English Mystics) Less violence is done to a poet in seeking in him for a mystical interpretation of life, than for a scheme of morality. For if it is the essence of mysticism to believe that everything, in being what it is, is symbolic of something higher and deeper than itself, mysticism is, on one side, the poetry of life. For poetry also consists in finding resemblances ; to be good at metaphors is, as Aristotle says, the most important part of poetic diction.
Mystics: The Mysticism Of Robert Browning
(Topic: Mystics, Mysticism, English Mystics) ROBERT BROWNING was once asked by a friend whether he cared much for nature. 'Yes, a great deal,' he replied : 'but for human beings a great deal more.' No reader of his poems can fail to see that this is true, and also that the poet was right in saying 'human beings,' not 'humanity.' Browning loved and studied, not mankind, but men. He is, therefore, complementary to Wordsworth...
Artist: Frederic Lord Leighton
(Topic: Art, Art History, English Art, Frederic Lord Leighton) FREDERIC LEIGHTON came of a family of intellect and culture, which was, however, not especially artistic. His grandfather, Sir James Leighton, was physician to the Court at St. Petersburg and received the honor of knighthood. His father, Dr. Frederic Leighton, also followed the profession of medicine, and in his early married life, in the hope of inheriting Sir James's position...
Artist: The Art Of Leighton
(Topic: Art, Art History, English Art, Frederic Lord Leighton) 'THE enemy, then, is this indifference in the presence of the ugly; it is only by the victory over this apathy that you can rise to better things; it is only by the rooting out and extermination of what is ugly that you can bring about conditions in which beauty shall be a power among you.' These words are taken from the Presidential Address by Lord (then Sir Frederic) Leighton at the Art Congress...
Artist: The Works Of Lord Leighton
(Topic: Art, Art History, English Art, Frederic Lord Leighton) THE large canvas of Herakles, or, as the Romans denote him, Hercules, wrestling with Death for the body of the fair Alcestis, was one of Lord Leighton's most important canvases. The unusual feeling shown in this picture is said to have been occasioned by the fact that his friend Mrs. Sartoris lay very ill at about the time the picture was painted.
Artist: List Of The Principal Works By Lord Leighton
(Topic: Art, Art History, English Art, Frederic Lord Leighton) THE important works exhibited by Leighton in public galleries number about two hundred and seventy. Many small landscape sketches, painted during his travels, and studies for finished pictures were never exhibited during his lifetime. These either remain in Leighton House on exhibition to-day, or were sold at auction after his death.
Art Masters: The German And Flemish Masters In The National Gallery
(Topic: Art, Art History, German Art, Flemish Art) FOR more than a hundred years after Giotto had laid the keel of Italian painting German and Flemish artists plodded along the old road, which scores of untutored craftsmen had trodden before them. Painting as an independent art scarcely existed in the north before the middle of the fourteenth century.
Art Masters: The Van Eycks
(Topic: Art, Art History, German Art, Flemish Art) HUBERT VAN EYCK, the father and founder of Flemish painting, and his younger brother Jan, hailed from the valley of the Meuse, a river as celebrated in the history of art as the Rhine or the Arno. Maaseyck, the cradle of their race, is but a Sabbath day's journey from Maastricht, which, together with Cologne, had early acquired repute as a centre of artistic activity.
Art Masters: The School Of Roger Van Der Weyden
(Topic: Art, Art History, German Art, Flemish Art) ON either side of the group of portraits by Jan van Eyck hang two pictures of a very different character. One represents the 'Mater Dolorosa' (711), the other an 'Ecce Homo' (712). These pictures, though of no great importance in themselves, are all we have in the Gallery from the workshop of that interesting artist, Roger de la Pasture, better known as Roger van der Weyden, who, born some ten...
Art Masters: Gerard David And His Followers
(Topic: Art, Art History, German Art, Flemish Art) CLOSELY related as are all the early Flemish painters in style and in their treatment of certain oft-repeated subjects, there is nevertheless so much play of individual character and personal taste, that to distinguish one from another is less difficult than might be sup-posed. Yet it was not until the middle of last century that the identity of Gerard David, the painter of two important panels in...
Art Masters: The German Painters Of The Fifteenth Century
(Topic: Art, Art History, German Art, Flemish Art) BEFORE passing to the Flemish painters of the sixteenth century, we must turn aside into the small room, No. XV., where hang a few examples of the German school. This is by no means a fully representative collection of German paintings. Many of the great names are conspicuously missing ; the greatest, that of Albert Dürer; besides Schongauer and Altdorfer...
Art Masters: Matsys And The Italianisers
(Topic: Art, Art History, German Art, Flemish Art) EARLY in the sixteenth century the headquarters of Flemish painting shifted from Bruges, where they had been established for over a hundred years, to Antwerp, which was rapidly superseding the old Flemish city as the seaport and commercial centre of the Netherlands. The same bells that pealed to celebrate the marriage of Charles the Bold's daughter and heiress Mary, the last of the Burgundians...
Art Masters: The German Painters Of The Renaissance
(Topic: Art, Art History, German Art, Flemish Art) HIGH above the throng of painter-craftsmen who crowd the stage of German art in the fifteenth century, tower their successors, Albert Dürer and Hans Holbein, the protagonists of German painting. It is when speaking of Dürer that we realise the lamentable gap in our National collection.
Art Masters: Rubens
(Topic: Art, Art History, German Art, Flemish Art) WITH the advent of Rubens in Antwerp a new force appeared to arrest the declining fortunes of Flemish art. The sixteenth century had been dreary enough, alike in the artistic as in the social world of the Netherlands. A glance through the lurid pages of Motley's 'History of the Rise of the Dutch Republics' from under the heel of the Spaniard leaves us wondering, not at the paucity of art during...
Art Masters: Van Dyck And The Painters Of Antwerp
(Topic: Art, Art History, German Art, Flemish Art) No foreign artist is so closely associated with England and English traditions as Rubens's brilliant pupil, Anthony Van Dyck. What great English mansion is complete without its row of family ancestors ascribed with more or less of likelihood to the great Flemish portrait painter, whom we have almost come to claim as one of ourselves?
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