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World Culture: The Philippines-Northern Islands And Their People
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) While a deep interest in the political problems tempts me to deal at once with the policy to be pursued by our government with respect to the Filipinos, I am constrained to proceed logically and discuss first the islands and their people. And in speaking of the Filipinos, a distinction should be made between those who inhabit the northern islands and are members of one branch of the Christian...
World Culture: The Philippines-The Moro Country
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) The term Moro is used to describe the Mohammedan Filipino and includes a number of tribes occupying the large island of Mindanao, the smaller islands adjacent to it and those of the Sulu archipelago. The northeast corner of Mindanao is separated from the island of Leyte by the Surigao Strait, and that part of Mindanao has considerable sprinkling of Christian Filipinos, but both that island and the Sulus can be considered Moro country.
World Culture: The Philippine Problem
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) Having in previous articles discussed the conditions as I found them in the Philippines, let us consider what the United States should do in regard to the Filipinos and their islands. First, as to the- northern group of islands-the islands north of Mindanao. Have the Filipinos a right to self government? Do they desire self government and independence? Have they the capacity for self government?
World Culture: The Philippine Problem - Continued
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) In speaking of the Philippine independence I have presented some of the reasons given by Filipinos for desiring it, but there are arguments which ought to appeal especially to Americans. If it were our duty to maintain a colonial policy, no argument could be made against it, because duties are imperative and never conflict.
World Culture: Java-The Beautiful
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) We had not thought of visiting Java, but we heard so much, of it from returning tourists as we journeyed through Japan, China and the Philippines, that we turned aside from Singapore and devoted two weeks to a trip through the island. Steamers run to both Batavia (which is the capital and the metropolis of the western end of the is-land) and Soerabaja, the chief city of eastern Java...
World Culture: Netherlands India
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) As the Dutch have administered in what they call Netherlands India, a colonial system quite different in its methods from the systems adopted by other nations, I have thought it worth while to make some inquiries concerning it. The Malay archipelago, which might almost be described as a continent cut up into islands, has furnished a farm on which several nations have experimented in colonialism...
World Culture: In The Tropics
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) In a tour around the world one travels by steamer about six thou-sand miles through the tropics. Entering the torrid zone soon after leaving Hong Kong, almost touching the equator at Singapore, and not entering the temperate zone again until he is nearly half way through the Red Sea, he has ample time to study the temperature ; and our opportunities were still farther enlarged by the trip to Java...
World Culture: Burma And Buddhism
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) Burma is another country which was added to our list after leaving home, but as its people are quite distinct from the inhabitants of India and as it is one of the strongholds of Buddhism, we turned aside to visit it en route from Ceylon to Calcutta.; On the map it occupies a part of the east side of the first of the three great peninsulas that stretch down from Asia to the Indian ocean...
World Culture: Eastern India
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) We have at least reached India-and what extremes are here ! Southern India penetrates the Indian Ocean and is so near the Equator that the inhabitants swelter under the heat of a perpetual summer, while the rocky sentinels that guard the northern frontier are clad in the ice of an eternal winter...
World Culture: Hindu India
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) Before beginning the trip through the interior, a paragraph must be given to Indian travel. There are no Pullman sleepers in this country, and the tourist must carry his bedding with him. Night trains have compartments containing broad seats which can be used as couches and hanging shelves upon which one may lie.
World Culture: Mohammedan India
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) Strictly speaking, the term, Mohammedan India, could only be applied to those frontier districts in which the Mohammedans have a preponderating influence, but the Mohammedan emperors left such conspicuous monuments of their reign in Lucknow, Delhi and Agra that it does not violate the proprieties to thus describe this section.
World Culture: Western India
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) There is so much of interest in India that I find it difficult to con-dense all that I desire to say into the space which it seems proper to devote to this country. In speaking of the various cities, I have been compelled to omit reference to the numerous industries for which India is famed. Long before the European set foot upon the soil the artisans had won renown in weaving, in carving...
World Culture: British Rule In India
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) 'What is truth?' asked Pilate, and when he had asked the question he went out without waiting for an answer. The question has been asked many times and answered in many different ways. I was re-minded of a similar question when I read over the door of a court house in Aligarh, India., the motto...
World Culture: Ancient Egypt
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) We have been moving among the oldest monuments reared by man, and they make the rest of the world seem young. In Japan a Buddhist temple, built twelve hundred years ago, impressed us with the youthfulness of American institutions; in China we were shown temples that had stood for twenty centuries and were told of customs and laws even older; in India we found a pagoda some twenty-five hundred year...
World Culture: Modern Egypt
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) The first article on Egypt might have been begun with an account of our stay in quarantine, but as this precaution against the spread of Asiatic disease is of modern origin, I thought it best to speak of it in this article. The P. and O. steamer, Persia, which brought us from Bombay to Egypt, was suspected of having four cases of plague on board.
World Culture: Among The Lebanons
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) Before writing of the Holy Land, I shall devote an article to the week which we spent among the Lebanons. While the trip from Bey-rout to Baalbek and Damascus is included in the advertisement of Palestine tours, the places visited are not so intimately connected with Bible history as those of Judea and Galilee.
World Culture: The Christian's Mecca
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) We were agreeably surprised in Jerusalem and Judea, but disappointed to learn how few Protestant Christians visited this city which may without impropriety be styled the Christian's Mecca. Possibly the wretched harbor at Joppa-if harbor it can be called-may frighten some away, for when the weather is bad passengers...
World Culture: Galilee
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) The boat schedules-and they can not be ignored on the Palestine coast -compelled us to reserve Galilee for the conclusion of our tour, and it was an inappropriate ending, for while Jerusalem was the scene of the crucifixion and ascension, the greater part of Christ's life was spent in Galilee, and it was there that...
World Culture: Greece-The World's Teacher
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) Nothing so impresses the visitor to Greece-not the waters of the Aegean sea, with their myriad hues; not the Acropolis, eloquent with ruins; not even the lovely site of Athens itself-as the part which little Greece has played in the instruction of the world. With an area of less than twenty-five thousand square miles, not half of which is productive...
World Culture: The Byzantine Capital
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) It is impossible to convey to the reader any adequate idea of the beauties of the Bosphorus at the point where Constantine located the capital of the Byzantine empire. The best way to approach it is by the sea, and as the traveler usually enters from the west, he sails through the Dardanelles, known in ancient times as the Hellespont, passes through the sea of Marmora and enters the Bosphorus...
World Culture: In The Land Of The Turk
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) I was unable to crowd into the last article all of our experiences in the land of the Turk, so I devoted it to Constantinople, leaving to this paper the discussion of the sultan, his religion and his govern-ment. Abdul Hamud Kahn II., is the present sultan of Turkey. He is sixty-three years old and has occupied the throne for nearly thirty years.
World Culture: Hungary And Her Neighbors
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) Southeastern Europe is out of the line of travel and little known to us, if I can measure the knowledge of others by my own. In order to learn something of this section we came northwest from Constantinople through Bulgaria, Servia and Hungary. We passed through European Turkey in the night, and morning found us in Bulgaria, where nothing but an occasional minaret remained to remind us of the Orient....
World Culture: Austria-hungary
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) Reference has already been made to the attitude of Hungary, in the article on Hungary and Her Neighbors, toward Austria, and what is true of Hungary is to a less extent true of Bohemia and the Polish section of the empire. In fact, Austria-Hungary is held together by a rope of sand, and there is no telling when that rope may break.
World Culture: The Duma
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) There is at least one man in Russia who has reason to feel that his political judgment has been vindicated and his predictions verified by the assembling of the duma. It is Count Ignatieff, who, at the age of twenty-eight, framed the Pekin treaty and who, as minister of the interior (the highest cabinet position at that time), in 1881 formulated a plan for a national assembly.
World Culture: Around The Baltic
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) The discussion of the duma occupied so much space that I was compelled to omit from that article all mention of Russia in general, and to . St. Petersburg in particular; I shall therefore begin this article with a brief reference to the Moscovite empire. Two and a half years ago, when I saw Russia for the first time, I entered by the way of Warsaw and went to St. Petersburg from Moscow.
World Culture: Democratic Norway-Her Sun, Her Scenery And Her Coronation
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) Norway was so full of attractions at the time of our visit that I am at a loss to know in what order to treat of them. As those things which are permanent will interest a larger number than the transient ceremonies attending the crowning of a new king, I shall give the preference to the most distinguishing feature of Norway, that which has been interwoven with her name, viz., the midnight sun.
World Culture: England's New Liberal Government
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) Great Britain has recently experienced one of the greatest political revolutions she has ever known. The conservative party, with Mr. Balfour, one of the ablest of modern scholars, at its head, and with Mr. Joseph Chamberlain, a powerful orator and a forceful political leader, as its most conspicuous champion, had won a sweeping victory after the Boer war, and this victory, following a long lease...
World Culture: Homes And Shrines Of Great Britain
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) He who sees only the cities and villages of Great Britain misses one of the most interesting features of English life. Land tenure is so different here from tenure in the United States that the reader will pardon a sketch of the old-fashioned manor. In England, the right of primogeniture still remains and the family home descends to the oldest son. It not only descends to him, but it continues its...
World Culture: Glimpses Of Spain
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) The peninsula which Spain and Portugal divide between them is the part of western Europe least visited by Americans, although it stretches out like a friendly hand toward the western hemisphere and has furnished not only the discoverer of North America, but the colonizers of Central and South America.
World Culture: A Word To Tourists
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) The articles of this series, taken in connection with the articles written during a former visit to Europe, cover all of the countries which I have visited, and nothing is left but to offer some generalizations covering the more important questions discussed in the course of these articles. First, as to routes of travel.
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