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Renaissance Art: Raphael Santi Of Urbino
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) THERE are certain reasons for making a central figure of this artist in a brief account of the zenith of Italian painting, aside from his undeniable distinction as a painter, and without prejudice to the distinction of his great contemporaries. Raphael was much more prolific in the production of pictures than Da Vinci, more intellectual and more monumental in his art than Titian or Correggio...
Renaissance Art: Michael Angelo Buonarroti
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) WHERE the element of character and personality is so largely involved in our estimate of an artist's work, as it is with this painter, we should do well to bear in mind the importance of his statues (see forward) as assisting us to comprehend and place him. Michael Angelo's position as a painter is fixed solely by his works in the Sistine Chapel.
Renaissance Art: Correggio And Titian
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) DURING the same time when Raphael was enchanting the world with his dignified balance of beautifully varied figures and while Michael Angelo was astounding it with his prodigious illustrations of the old Hebrew literature, another great painter was demonstrating that every kind of talent was contained in this one epoch by a class of pictures which charm and delight us without appealing either to...
Renaissance Art: 17th Century Renaissance Painting
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) To FIND the Renaissance art of the seventeenth century at its best we must turn first to Spain or the Netherlands, where the works of Velasquez and Murillo, Rubens, Van Dyck and Rembrandt continued in original ways and with some distinct national qualities the traditions of their Italian predecessors.
Renaissance Art: 16th Century German And Flemish Painting
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) OUR most natural first attitude toward early northern art is to use it as a foil for the contemporary Italian. We can appreciate Masaccio and Da Vinci at their best when we compare them with Van der Weyden or Albert Dürer. But this attitude is followed by another, the recognition of old German sincerity, honesty, and truth as attested by old German pictures.
Renaissance Art: 17th Century Dutch Painting
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) PASSING by the seventeenth century Flemings already mentioned, we now turn to the Dutch painters of the same era. In Holland, art at any earlier date is mainly conspicuous by its absence or when rarely found is a repetition of that common to early Flanders and Germany; but in the seventeenth century this country produced the most remarkable school of painting then known in Europe.
Renaissance Art: Renaissance Sculpture
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) IT may be regretted that a division of topics according to different arts seems to detract from that general view of one given century as a whole and of a series of sequent centuries, each massed in contrast with the others, which it should be our main effort to create.
Renaissance Art: Early Renaissance Sculpture
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) As we are dealing in comparisons and with a view to understanding both ourselves and the past, let it be said here what is the greatest virtue of the early Italian sculpture. The first notion of the novice in criticism is that art is judged by a certain amount of technical perfection and of positive science.
Renaissance Art: Early Renaissance Sculpture
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) THE earliest dawn of modern feeling for nature and of interest in ancient sculpture as an assistance to its study is found with Nicolo of Pisa and in his pulpit made for the Baptistery in Pisa about the year 1260. His son Giovanni carried this feeling and this interest into the fourteenth century and headed a school of artists whose works are found in many parts of Italy.
Renaissance Art: Renaissance Sculpture - Philosophy Of Its Decline
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) WE have still a thought to offer regarding the sculpture of the early Renaissance, one which suggests itself through the illustrations of Donatello's 'St. George' and of the 'Davids' by Donatello and Verocchio (Figs. 141, 142), all of which are works held in high estimation by students of this period.
Renaissance Art: Renaissance Sculpture - Michael Angelo
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) As a sculptor Michael Angelo stood on the shoulders of Donatello and Verocchio and added to their supreme science the passion, frenzy, and explosive power of his own volcanic nature. His peculiar quality is best appreciated from his later works, the Moses of San Pietro in Vinculi at Rome and the Tombs of the Medici in Florence.
Renaissance Art: Renaissance Sculpture - Later Styles And Decadence
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) No SKETCH of Italian art could pass, without mention, the name of Benvenuto Cellini, the goldsmith and sculptor, the Perseus in Florence. Cellini was born in 1500, a quarter of a century after Michael Angelo. H is statue dates from the middle of the sixteenth century, but the traditions and style of the great period still survive in this work.
Renaissance Art: The Greek Revival Of The 18th Century
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) ACCORDING to our account so far, throughout this whole book, either of architecture, painting, or sculpture, it will appear that the earlier eighteenth century represents the foot of a hill whose gradual descent began about 1530. We shall not, however, be entirely just to our subject without remarking that to the simile of decline, which has been used above...
Renaissance Art: Architecture Of The 19th Century
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) THE period of the Greek Revival, which continued in full vigor through the first quarter of the nineteenth century, was subsequently antagonized and partially displaced by a new movement of historic studies and literary tastes which turned once more to the appreciation of the Middle Age. The prejudice against the art and culture of the Middle Age, which had coined the word 'Gothic,' was of Italian origin as we have seen (p. 56).
Renaissance Art: Sculpture In The 19th Century
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) OF ALL arts of the nineteenth century, sculpture is the one which longest retained and exhibited the influences dating from the later half of the eighteenth century. Only in quite recent yearshas it begun to shake off the imitative quality which the Greek Revival had stamped uponit. The reasons for this are obvious. The preeminence of the Greeks in sculpture is so unquestioned and the fame of their works so great, that all later art must bow before it.
Renaissance Art: English And French Painting
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) THE painting of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries did not for Europe at large rise above a rather weak reflex of the contemporary movement in literature and in the sister arts. It threw off the last vestige of eighteenth century traits, but did not rise above negative virtues in the main.
Renaissance Art: Recent American Art
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) BEFORE turning to recent American art we shall do well to guard our position in the matter of methods as so far considered, aside from landscape, lest we appear to exclude from appreciation much meritorious art in small figure composition. The diminution of the field of view carries with itself logically the possibility of greater insistence on detail. There are evenpaintings where this detail may be conceded the main interest.
World Culture: Crossing The Pacific-Hawaii
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) There is rest in an ocean voyage. The receding shores shut out the hum of the busy world; the expanse of water soothes the eye by its very vastness; the breaking of the waves is music to the ear and there is medicine for the nerves in the salt sea breezes that invite to sleep.
World Culture: Japan And Her People
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) The eyes of the world are on Japan. No other nation has ever made such progress in the same length of time, and at no time in her history has Japan enjoyed greater prestige than she enjoys just now; and, it may be added, at no time has she had to face greater problems than those which now confront her.
World Culture: Japanese Customs And Hospitality
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) Every nation has its customs, its way of doing things, and a nation's customs and ways are likely to be peculiar in proportion as the nation is isolated. In Japan, therefore, one would expect to see many strange things, and the expectation is more than realized. In some things their customs are exactly the opposite of ours.
World Culture: Japan-Her History And Progress
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) As for the islands themselves, they are largely of volcanic origin, and a number of smoking peaks still give evidence of the mighty convulsions which piled up these masses of masonry. Asosan mountain, on the island of Kyushu, has the largest crater in the world. Japan is the home of the earthquake.
World Culture: Japanese Industries, Art And Commerce
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) The basis of Japanese industry is agricultural, although each year shows a decreasing proportion engaged in tie tilling of the soil. Rice is the principal product, but owing to the large amount consumed at home it is not the chief export. As this crop needs an abundance of water, the rice fields occupy the low lands and the mountain gorges.
World Culture: Japanese Educational System And Religions
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) Back of Japan's astonishing progress along material lines lies her amazing educational development. Fifty years ago but few of her people could read or write ; now considerably less than ten per cent would be classed as illiterate. It is difficult to conceive of such a transformation taking place almost within a generation.
World Culture: Japanese Education And Religion
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) The government of Japan is a constitutional monarchy in which the emperor not only claims to rule by divine right but by right of divine birth. He is described as Heaven born, and according to the accepted history there has been no break in the family line for twenty-five hundred years.
World Culture: Korea - The Hermit Nation
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) Poor little Korea ! One hardly knows whether to be amused or grieved, so strangely have comedy and tragedy been blended in her history. Mr. Griffiths in his very comprehensive book bearing that title, calls Korea the 'Hermit Nation,' and the appellation was a fitting one until within a generation. Since that time she might be described as a bone of contention, for she has been the cause of several bloody quarrels.
World Culture: China As She Was
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) The contrast between the China of antiquity-hoary with age-and the new China-just awakening into life-is so great as to suggest the treatment of the two periods in different articles. And if the contrast between China of yesterday and the China of today is great, what shall we say of the contrast between the Flowery Kingdom and our own country?
World Culture: China As She Was - Part II
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) In the first article on China, reference was made to some of the characteristics of the Chinese, but the subject was not exhausted-in fact, it would require several articles to exhaust this subject, and attention can only be given to those traits or customs which are in most violent contrast with our own. Chinese society is patriarchal in its organization, the family being the unit and the father the head of the family.
World Culture: Chinese Education, Religion And Philosophy
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) Chinese education has been very much overestimated. The literati have boasted of the antiquity of the government and educational system, the invention of the compass, the printing press and of gun-powder, and the western world has been inclined to concede their claims, but these claims will not bear investigation. The government is ancient, but it is also antiquated.
World Culture: China's Awakening
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) In what I have said of the Chinese government, system of education. religion and superstitions, I have referred to the nation as it has been for some twenty centuries-chained to tradition, stagnant, asleep. Society was stratified; those in power seemed to have no higher aspiration than to live upon the labor of the masses, and the masses seemed to entertain no thought of emancipation.
World Culture: Chinese Exclusion
(Topic: Culture, World Culture, Regional Culture, Cultural History) If every American could visit China, the question of Chinese immigration would soon be settled upon a permanent basis, for no one can become acquainted with the Chinese coolie without recognizing the impossibility of opening the doors of our country to him without injustice to our own laboring men, demoralization to our social ideas, injury to China's reputation among us and danger...
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