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Play/Recreation: School Exhibitions And Corn Clubs
(Topic: Play, Recreation, Childrens Play, Childrens Recreation) These are two of the more recent school movements that are now lending a new interest to school life and country life. It is very difficult to say how general they are, but school exhibitions have been held in many of the rural schools of Iowa, Oklahoma, and North Dakota, at least, for some time.
Play/Recreation: Recreation In The Rural Community
(Topic: Play, Recreation, Childrens Play, Childrens Recreation) The two previous sections have dealt with play in the home and the school, and have had primarily to do with young children. This section is concerned with the recreation of adolescents and adults. It aims to show what kinds of recreation are being organized in the open country and are suited to the open country, what the essential problems of rural recreation are and how these are bound up with...
Play/Recreation: The Play Festival And Pageant In The Open Country
(Topic: Play, Recreation, Childrens Play, Childrens Recreation) All down the ages echoes the footfall of the pursuer, and man has been fleeing for his life, from the dinosaurs and monsters of the primeval world, from savage beasts and still more savage man with club and stone and arrow, and always from cold and pestilence and famine. These have made man their prey. He has not dared to pause in his flight to look about him...
Play/Recreation: Recreation For The Country Girl
(Topic: Play, Recreation, Childrens Play, Childrens Recreation) If the country is to be made attractive enough so that the country people will care to live there, this must come through a new emphasis on the home and social life, in less thought of pigs and corn, and more thought of children and living. The country has suffered because it has been dominated by the materialistic point of view of the farmer, who has estimated success too largely in terms of...
Play/Recreation: The Boy Scouts The Salvation Of The Village Boy
(Topic: Play, Recreation, Childrens Play, Childrens Recreation) During the last four years the order of the Boy Scouts has been organized in every country in the civilized world. There are at present probably, in the various patrols, more than three million scouts, a number equal to the standing army of Russia. In this country the order is less than four years old, yet there are already five hundred thousand scouts, and a whole library of books devoted...
Play/Recreation: Recreation For The Farm Wife
(Topic: Play, Recreation, Childrens Play, Childrens Recreation) It is commonly supposed that the play movement is solely for the children in the crowded sections of the great cities, yet to the student of recreation it is perfectly certain that the greatest need is not that of the children of the city slum, but rather of the women on the farms. The cases are very different in outward appearance, but not so much so in reality, for in both it is demand for life...
Play/Recreation: Recreation For The Farmer
(Topic: Play, Recreation, Childrens Play, Childrens Recreation) The country is the most attractive place in the world to live. The American farmer has been given the greatest opportunity that has ever come to any great class in all the ages to lead a satisfying life. But most of this great opportunity is being wasted, because he does not appreciate the forces by which he is surrounded or enjoy the work that is given him to do.
Play/Recreation: Country Playgrounds
(Topic: Play, Recreation, Childrens Play, Childrens Recreation) Vacations are valuable to give variety to life, to throw off worry, to relieve the strain of overwork, and to bring in new points of view. Although the farmer and his wife need a vacation as much as any other single class, it is difficult for them to get one on account of the stock and duties that never cease.
Play/Recreation: The Organizers Of Rural Recreation
(Topic: Play, Recreation, Childrens Play, Childrens Recreation) From our study of recreation problems thus far, it appears that while the country has no great supply of the passive diversions such as the theater, music, and art, or those nervous and mental dissipations, the roller coaster and the merry-go-round, yet for all forms of active recreation it has the best facilities there are.
Play/Recreation: The Ideals And Methods Of Organizing Social Centers
(Topic: Play, Recreation, Childrens Play, Childrens Recreation) There is great interest in the social-center movement all over the country just now, and a very rapid development is going on. In 1909 the University of Wisconsin employed Mr. Edward J. Ward of Rochester, N.Y., who had previously had charge of the social centers in that city, to organize social centers about the state of Wisconsin a task to which he has since devoted himself. In October, 1911, the...
Play/Recreation: The Rural Church As A Social Center
(Topic: Play, Recreation, Childrens Play, Childrens Recreation) There have been a number of recent articles and books that seem to indicate the belief that the rural church is to be the social center of the rural community. As this view is held by many of the clergymen themselves, it indicates a point of view that is hopeful. The rural church might be the very best social center that the country could have, for it offers not merely a social opportunity, but an...
Play/Recreation: Educational Extension Through The Rural Social Center
(Topic: Play, Recreation, Childrens Play, Childrens Recreation) If it has been decided to form a social center, the first thing to agree upon will naturally be the program of things to be undertaken. Whenever it is possible, the initiation of the work should follow a social survey that would discover the actual needs of the neighborhood and the material that is available for leadership, teaching, and lectures, also the facilities that are present for the...
Play/Recreation: The Social Center, The Cure Of Rural Isolation
(Topic: Play, Recreation, Childrens Play, Childrens Recreation) The primary ideas that lie behind the social center are social and civic, and it is for this reason that it is so much needed in the country. All of the educational purposes that have been mentioned will have their social side as well. They offer opportunities for the country people to get together and to talk in connection with all exhibitions, lectures, classes, institutes, and the library.
Play/Recreation: The Social Center For The Organization Of Country Life
(Topic: Play, Recreation, Childrens Play, Childrens Recreation) The farmers are more poorly organized than any other class, and probably they get a smaller proportion of the just returns from their industry. The isolation of the farms has made communication difficult and the farmer a self-sufficient individualist. This sturdy independence is a real social and moral safeguard to the nation, but it also has made cooperation difficult, and the farmers as a class...
Renaissance Art: The Renaissance Period
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) THE period covered by the title of my book has had a duration of about five hundred years. The Renaissance had fairly begun in the early part of the fifteenth century, and from the standpoint of general history the beginning of the Renaissance was the beginning of modern times. In a broad and general sense this period cannot be considered to have ended yet.
Renaissance Art: Contemporaneous History
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) FOR a perfectly practical and common sense knowledge of facts (as distinct from theories about terms, which can only carry real meaning in so far as we know these facts) let us remember what we can of the contemporary history of Europe in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, when the Renaissance began and most beneficently flourished.
Renaissance Art: Position Of Art In The Italian Renaissance
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) IT Is interesting to inquire, for a moment, why the art of the Renaissance has assumed such proportions in the public eye as to dwarf its other claims to glory. Why is it that the influence of Italian studies on Harvey's announcement of the circulation of the blood or the precedence of Italian students in the investigations of political economy is less prominent in the public mind than the frescoe...
Renaissance Art: History Of Italy Since The Renaissance And The Decline Of Italian Art
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) IN OUR own time only, has Italy taken a place among European powers as a united national state. Her national existence as a country with one government is as recent as 1871, and even the beginnings of her rise to national unity are as recent as 1859. It was in this year that the Kingdom of Sardinia, whose main and most important territory was the province of Savoy, began, under Victor Emmanuel, to extend its power over other parts of Italy.
Renaissance Art: Divisions Of Renaissance Periods And Style
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) IN THE periods of Renaissance art we thus distinguish two divisions of especial importance one between 1400 and 1530, the time of development, of greatest success, of supreme triumph; one after 1530, the time of expansion over Europe and of relative decline at home. These divisions in the history of art correspond to the general facts respecting civilization at large, which the art accompanies, attests, and reflects.
Renaissance Art: The Traits Of Renaissance Architecture
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) I HAVE endeavored to indicate some various answers to the question, ' What was the Renaissance?' but we have not yet penetrated beneath the surface or touched the heart of the matter. In fact, until we take up its art in individual examples, it would be difficult to fix the real character of the time. So far, in the illustrations scattered throughout preceding pages, my idea has been to show, through forms, ornament, furniture, details of buildings, and the like...
Renaissance Art: Philosophy Of Renaissance Architecture
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) WE HAVE pointed out that the change from Gothic to Renaissance style was mainly an abrupt and sudden one in northern Europe, whereas the Italian Gothic had foreshadowed, at least in a negative way, the dislike for medieval art forms which the Renaissance openly proclaimed. It is also understood that the Renaissance style appeared in northern Europe at a relatively later date, and after the...
Renaissance Art: Renaissance Architecture In Theory And In Practice
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) ACCORDING to the archaeologic and critical antiquarian views of our own day, an ancient building can only be said to be copied when it is imitated entire. But this anxious and literal point of view did not worry the architects of the Renaissance. We have seen that civilization as a whole in Italy could not be, and was not, a revival of the ancient; however much it learned from it and admired it...
Renaissance Art: Criticism Of Renaissance Architecture
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) THERE was undoubtedly in Italy at the time that this style was introduced, a wide development of villa and pal-ace construction with certain general arrangements peculiar to the country and the time, but these arrangements as regards detail would come within the province of the student of domestic economy or of social life rather than under the notice of the critic of art.
Renaissance Art: Historic Sketch Of 15th Century Renaissance Architecture
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) BRUNELLESCO of Florence is universally quoted as the first great architect of the Renaissance (1377-1446). His greatest achievement was the dome of the Florence Cathedral. The building itself was begun a century and a half earlier. The details specifying the dawning style of the new period are here confined to the lantern, or small crowning member, which he did not live to finish, and this dome...
Renaissance Art: Historic Sketch Of 16th Century Renaissance Architecture
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) AT THE opening of the sixteenth century the simplicity and reserve of the early Renaissance were still general but gradually gave way to more pronounced exterior deco-rations, to a wider use and greater projection of the surface ornament, and a more broken treatment of lines and surfaces. The name of Bramante, the friend and possibly relative of Raphael, is at this time the leading one.
Renaissance Art: Decadence Of Renaissance Architecture, 17th And 18th Centuries
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) IN THE latter part of the sixteenth century Italian architecture turned from the study and copy of the Roman buildings to the study and copy of its own earlier copies. The period of continuation and tradition set in, as against the period of original adaptation or of original creation mistaken for adaptation or disguised as adaptation. In this period the method and the formula, that is to say the classic detail, became the main thing.
Renaissance Art: Relation Of Painting To Other Arts Of The Renaissance
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) ACCORDING to a philosophic view of our subject, the art of sculpture should for some reasons take precedence either of architecture or of painting. The interest in physical nature and the study of its forms and appearances from the standpoint of nature (as distinct from the use of these forms to teach the lessons of religion and to represent the stories and events of the Bible narrative)...
Renaissance Art: 15th Century Renaissance Painting
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) FOR a skeleton view of the subject, we shall lay down the following preliminary outlines:In the eighteenth century great Italian painting is conspicuous by its absence. The names of the Tiepoli (singular, Tiepolo) in Venice, or of Canaletto and of Guardi, famed for their views of Venetian architecture, will hold a very minor place in the perspective which places the sixteenth century in the foreground.
Renaissance Art: Philosophy Of The Perfection Of Italian Painting
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) WE MAY leave the fifteenth century style with some re-marks regarding the frequency of the Madonna, saints, and Biblical subjects, subsequently to continue. We occasionally hear complaints from modern travelers as to the limited range of the old Italian subjects and their constant repetitions. Mark Twain's 'Innocents Abroad' contains many allusions of this nature, jocose in themselves and well enough in a professedly comic book...
Renaissance Art: Leonardo Da Vinci
(Topic: Art, Art History, Renaissance, Renaissance Art) To SAY that Leonardo da Vinci was foremost in time and the equal of any sixteenth century painter, is to say that he was the greatest, for this was a period when no new artist failed to profit by everything which had been done up to date. This artist was born near Florence in the middle of the fifteenth century (1452).
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