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Italian Art: Guido Reni
(Topic: Art, Italian Art, Italian Masters, Italy) Guido Reni was born near Bologna in 1575. He was a pupil of the Carracci. He came to Rome to study the works of Raphael and Caravaggio. He remained in Rome twenty years. He had the greatest admiration for Raphael and Paul Veronese. In statuary his favorite models were the Venus de Medici, and Niobe. He was a favorite of Pope Paul V. He re-turned to Bologna, where he was very popular.
Italian Art: The Aurora
(Topic: Art, Italian Art, Italian Masters, Italy) On the ceiling of the Casino of the Rospigliosi Palace in Rome, Guido Reni painted his famous Aurora. It is one of the twelve great pictures of the world. It is full of color, full of action and is most beautiful. It is very popular in America, and a copy is to be found in very many homes. A little country girl in the west came to visit her uncle in the city. He had a large and splendid copy of the picture.
Italian Art: Beatrice Cenci
(Topic: Art, Italian Art, Italian Masters, Italy) The portrait of Beatrice Cenci, by Guido Reni, is one of the so-called twelve great pictures of the world. She was the daughter of the Count Francesco Cenci. They lived in Rome. The Cenci Palace is still standing. The Count was vicious, cruel, and brutish from his youth up. He seemed to delight in expending his cruelty and brutality upon his wife, his children, and his servants.
Italian Art: Antonio Allegri
(Topic: Art, Italian Art, Italian Masters, Italy) Between Modena and Mantua, in the little town of Correggio, was born in 1494 the greatest painter in the north of Italy. His name was Antonio Allegri. He is called Correggio from the town where he was born. He is one of Symonds' four archangels of painting. He describes him as 'the Ariel or Faun, the lover and light-giver. He surprised laughter on the face of the universe and paints this laughter...
Italian Art: The Madonna Of St. Sebastian
(Topic: Art, Italian Art, Italian Masters, Italy) Dresden can boast of the best work of Raphael in the north of Europe, and Dresden also has the finest Correggios. There are five in all, bought by Augustus the Third, Elector of Saxony. They originally belonged to the Duke of Modena. Augustus was physically a splendid specimen of humanity, as all who have seen his portraits and the arms he wore will attest.
Italian Art: The Holy Night
(Topic: Art, Italian Art, Italian Masters, Italy) This is one of the twelve great pictures and many prefer it to any picture in Europe. It is the most famous of all Correggio's works. The child is receiving the homage of the shepherds, who have hastened to the spot upon hearing the glad tidings. It is night, and the scene is only rendered visible by a super-natural light which radiates from the babe.
Italian Art: Fra Filippo Lippi
(Topic: Art, Italian Art, Italian Masters, Italy) Fra Filippo was one of the best artists of his time; he was the son of Tommaso Lippi, a butcher of Florence; he was born about 1412. Left an orphan at an early age he fell to the care of his Aunt Lappacia, who had no fondness for him, and when he was eight years old put him in the convent of the Carmine in Florence. He developed an extraordinary talent for drawing and painting.
Italian Art: Filippino Lippi
(Topic: Art, Italian Art, Italian Masters, Italy) Filippino Lippi was born in 1457. There has been much discussion over his parentage. He is said to be the son of Fra Filippo and Lucrezia Buti. According to Vasari, Fra Filippo received a commission from the nuns of Santa Margherita to paint a picture for the high altar of their church at Prato, near Florence. In the convent was a beautiful girl, whom Fra Filippo chanced to see.
Italian Art: The Vision Of St. Bernard
(Topic: Art, Italian Art, Italian Masters, Italy) St. Bernard, Abbot of Clairveaux, was born of noble parents near Dijon, France, 1190. He was one of the most remarkable men of his time. He was educated at the University of Paris. At the age of 23 he entered the reformed Benedictine Monastery of Citeaux. The monastery became overcrowded and his Abbot sent him out to found another.
Italian Art: Alessandro Filipepi Botticelli
(Topic: Art, Italian Art, Italian Masters, Italy) In 1447 was born in Florence one of the most unique and fascinating of the Italian painters. His name was Alessandro (Alexander) Filipepi. His father wished to educate him, but Sandro (Alex) had no pleasure 'in reading, writing or accounts.' In despair his father turned him over to his friend, Botticelli, a goldsmith, begging him to try and teach the boy his craft.
Italian Art: Judith
(Topic: Art, Italian Art, Italian Masters, Italy) In the Uffizi is Botticelli's Judith. It is a small picture and therefore easily overlooked. This was a favorite subject of all the artists, and Judiths are found in every gallery. Ruskin says : 'There is only one true to the legend, and that is Botticelli's.' The story can be found in full in the Book of Judith, one of the apocryphal books of the Bible.
Italian Art: Andrea Del Sarto
(Topic: Art, Italian Art, Italian Masters, Italy) No one can go to Florence without becoming a lover of Andrea del Sarto, and it is only at Florence one can see him at his best. He was the son of a tailor (Sartore) . Andrea del Sarto means the tailor's Andrea. He was the pupil of Piero di Cosimo Piero, whose quaint humor and eccentric habits make one of the most amusing chapters in Vasari. George Eliot introduces Piero to us early in Romola, and he goes with us to the end of the book.
Italian Art: The Madonna Of St. Francis
(Topic: Art, Italian Art, Italian Masters, Italy) The Madonna of St. Francis, or the Madonna of the Harpies, as it is sometimes called, is one of Andrea del Sarto's most beautiful pictures. It is called the Madonna of the Harpies because of the Harpies which Andrea placed at the corners of the throne on which the Virgin stands. Why he did this, who can tell? The Harpies were among the most disgusting creatures of Greek Mythology.
Italian Art: The Four Saints
(Topic: Art, Italian Art, Italian Masters, Italy) In the Academy of Fine Arts in Florence is a group of four saints in Andrea's most perfect style. The saints are Michael the Arch-angel, Giovanni Gualberto, John the Baptist and Bernard of Uberto. St. John Gualberto appears only in Florentine pictures. He was the founder of the Order of Vallambrosa. He was born in Florence of rich and noble parents.
Italian Art: St. Agnes
(Topic: Art, Italian Art, Italian Masters, Italy) The picture of St. Agnes is in the Cathedral at Pisa, and is a great favorite of the lovers of Andrea del Sarto. So ancient is the worship paid to St. Agnes that next to the Evangelists and Apostles there is no saint whose effigy is older. It is found on the ancient glass and earthen vessels used by the Christians in the early part of the third century. She is the favorite saint of the Romans.
Italian Art: Fra Bartolommeo
(Topic: Art, Italian Art, Italian Masters, Italy) In the little Tuscan village of Savignano, about ten miles from Florence, in the year 1467, was born Bartolommeo del Fattorino, according to the Tuscan custom called Baccio. He lived many years near the gate of San Piero in Florence, and for this reason was called Baccio della Porta. When he was thirty years old he became a Dominican monk and was called Fra Bartolommeo or Il Frate.
Italian Art: Savonarola
(Topic: Art, Italian Art, Italian Masters, Italy) The first and only genuine portrait of Savonarola was painted by Fra Bartolommeo. It hangs in his cell in the convent of San Marco. When you go to Florence, you will of all places go to San Marco, the convent of Fra Angelico, of the good Bishop Antoninus, of Savonarola and of Fra Bartolommeo. No black and white robed monks guard now its doors.
Italian Art: Leonardo Da Vinci
(Topic: Art, Italian Art, Italian Masters, Italy) Leonardo da Vinci was born in 1452 at the Castle Vinci, about half way between Florence and Pisa. He was the natural son of Messer Pietro, a notary of Florence and landed proprietor at Vinci. The student of psychology, were he to search the records of the whole world, could not find a more intricate puzzle to solve than the personality of Leonardo da Vinci.
Italian Art: Mona Lisa
(Topic: Art, Italian Art, Italian Masters, Italy) In 1498 the French entered Milan, Ludivico Sforza was taken prisoner, and ended his days at Loches, in Touraine. Leonardo went from Milan to Florence, and between 1501 and 1504 he painted the world famous portrait of Mona Lisa Gherardini, the third wife of Francesco del Giocondo of Florence. Francesco and Leonardo were old and intimate friends.
Italian Art: Jacopo Palma
(Topic: Art, Italian Art, Italian Masters, Italy) Jacopo Palma was born near Bergamo about 1480. He is called Palma Vecchio (old) to distinguish him from his nephew, Jacopo Palma, also an artist. The latter is called Palma Giovane (young) . Like all the Venetian artists, Palma Vecchio excelled in color. He had three beautiful daughters. Violante, the most beautiful, was Titian's first love, and it is her face which we see in many of his early...
Italian Art: Tiziano Vecellio
(Topic: Art, Italian Art, Italian Masters, Italy) Tiziano Vecellio, called Titian, was born in 1477 in the town of Cadore, high up in that wonderful and strange range of mountains called the Dolamite Alps. They are some sort of stone that centuries of wind and rain, keen frost, melting snow and rushing water have worn, and cut, and carved into a thousand shapes of beauty and wonder. Tiziano da Cadore (Titian of Cadore) he is often called.
Italian Art: Catarina Cornaro
(Topic: Art, Italian Art, Italian Masters, Italy) Titian's portrait of Catarina Cornaro in the Uffizi in Florence is interesting because of the romantic career of the young woman. She was the beautiful Venetian girl adopted and dowered by the Republic as an only daughter, then given in marriage to King James of Cyprus. She was only fourteen when she was betrothed to King James in the Grand Hall of the Council in the Doges Palace.
Italian Art: The Presentation
(Topic: Art, Italian Art, Italian Masters, Italy) 'The Presentation of the Virgin in the Temple' is one of Titian's most celebrated works. It is in the Academy at Venice. The legend relates that when the child Mary was three years old, Joachim said: 'Let us invite the daughters of Israel and they shall each take a taper or a lamp and attend on her, that the. child may not turn back from the temple of the Lord.'
Italian Art: The Assumption Of The Virgin
(Topic: Art, Italian Art, Italian Masters, Italy) Titian's masterpiece is 'The Assumption of the Virgin.' It stands at the head of the long list the painters have left us. No one who has seen it will ever forget the impression it produces as it bursts upon his vision the moment he enters the Academy at Venice. The old painters used to distinguish between the Assumption of the soul and the Assumption of the body of the Virgin.
Play/Recreation: Play In The Home And Its Environs
(Topic: Play, Recreation, Childrens Play, Childrens Recreation) The hope and glory of this country have always been its farm homes. Here have been nourished most of our great men. Here have been bred the sturdy self-reliance and in-dependence that is not easily led astray by mobs or demagogues, that does not follow each will-o'-the-wisp that flaunts across the times.
Play/Recreation: Play In The Home
(Topic: Play, Recreation, Childrens Play, Childrens Recreation) It has been said that the child learns more in the first six years of his life than he does in all the years that come after-wards. During these first years play constitutes his curriculum, the house or yard his schoolroom, and the mother his principal teacher. The home must furnish the place, the materials, and the companionship for this play, else these years will largely lack the training that...
Play/Recreation: Play In The Dooryard Of The Farm Home
(Topic: Play, Recreation, Childrens Play, Childrens Recreation) The first playground of the children is the house itself. During the years from two to five or six most of their play is in the yard. For the years that come after, larger grounds are mostly demanded, but still the yard is bound to be the center of the family sociability, and much of its play during the warmer months of the year. It should be suitable for such a use.
Play/Recreation: Some Experiences That Every Country Boy Should Have
(Topic: Play, Recreation, Childrens Play, Childrens Recreation) In the pioneer days, life offered to the boy in the country almost exactly what his spirit craved. There was a primitive open-air life, with some romance and a good deal of adventure. There was an opportunity for scouting and exploration ; there was the Indian fighting and hunting of bear or deer ; there was the fishing and the life of the woods and the camp fire.
Play/Recreation: The Improvement Of The School Ground
(Topic: Play, Recreation, Childrens Play, Childrens Recreation) The city schools are now probably acquiring twice as much ground for playgrounds as they were ten years ago. In congested sections these often cost forty or fifty thousand dollars an acre. In the country, on the other hand, although a school playground could usually be secured for fifty or a hundred dollars an acre, and the farming sections are prosperous, there has been little improvement.
Play/Recreation: Equipping The School Ground
(Topic: Play, Recreation, Childrens Play, Childrens Recreation) In many places it probably is not to be expected in the beginning that the school directors will purchase the equipment for the school yard out of the school funds, though this should usually be asked and may often be granted. In many districts the funds are now adequate for such purchase, and if the school officers are sympathetic and the law permits, there is no reason why it should not be done.
Play/Recreation: Organized Play In The School Yard
(Topic: Play, Recreation, Childrens Play, Childrens Recreation) Some teachers seem to feel that it is beneath their dignity to play with the children, and one often hears the old saw ' Familiarity breeds contempt.' Whenever I hear this quotation in this connection, I always feel like completing it by its implied condition. Familiarity reveals you as you really are. It leads to contempt if you are contemptible.
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