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Berlin Art Galleries: The Kaiser Friedrich Museum - History Of The Collection
(Topic: Art, Art History, Berlin, Germany) THE collection of paintings of the Kaiser Friedrich Museum had its beginning only a few years before the London National gallery was started when the Angerstein Collection was bought by the British nation in 1824. In 1820 King Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia decided to have a selection made of the principal Old Masters that had been collected by his ancestors as far back as the Great Elector...
Berlin Art Galleries: The Italian Paintings
(Topic: Art, Art History, Berlin, Germany) THE distinctive character of the Berlin Museum of Old Masters lies in its educational value. With fewer masterpieces of the most famous painters than are found in the older museums of Germany it possesses the widest range of men whose work is typical of schools and periods. From Giotto to Tiepolo each step of artistic development in Italian art is shown, and if not at times by the most...
Berlin Art Galleries: Room 29 - Italian Paintings Of The 14th, And The First Half Of The 15th Century
(Topic: Art, Art History, Berlin, Germany) The centres of influence in those early days were Florence and Siena; and although the work produced at the time was principally found on the walls of churches in fresco, still the example of Margaritone (1216? - 1293?). who first painted on canvas stretched on a panel covered with plaster, was sufficiently followed to have left such easel pictures as are now found in transalpine museums.
Berlin Art Galleries: Room 30 - Florentine Paintings Of The 15th Century
(Topic: Art, Art History, Berlin, Germany) The paintings in this Cabinet are of small size, but precious products of the prominent Florentine school.Domenico Veneziano (1405-1461) was an innovator in technique in that he mixed varnish with the distemper he used, greatly adding to the brilliancy of his colours. His 'Martyrdom of St. Lucia' (64) is a part of the predella of a large altarpiece now in the Uffizi.
Berlin Art Galleries: Sculpture In Marble Of Donatello And Desiderio, And Old Florentine Paintings
(Topic: Art, Art History, Berlin, Germany) Among the marbles in this cabinet we find some important paintings of the early leaders, Fra Angelico, Masaccio and Fra Filippo Lippi, the pioneers of the Quattrocento, who with Ucello and Castagno brought forth the new art expression of the Renaissance.
Berlin Art Galleries: Rooms 34 Ferrarese And Bolognese Paintings Of The 15th And 16th Centuries
(Topic: Art, Art History, Berlin, Germany) The next Cabinet, 33, contains a number of bronze reliefs and statuettes. We turn, however, to the large Gallery 34, where the North Italian artists are shown. The study of the local characteristics and differences in style of the various schools is most instructive, and shows that almost each city in Italy had its own dialect in art.
Berlin Art Galleries: Room 35 - Lombard Paintings
(Topic: Art, Art History, Berlin, Germany) In the small Cabinet around the Court we find a few interesting examples of North Italian painters, who all were drawn to Milan where Leonardo da Vinci exerted his mighty influence. This resulted in a vacillation between their earlier adherence to the culture of the antique after the example of the Paduans and the gracefulness and pathetic sweetness of mood with purity of line and warmth of colour...
Berlin Art Galleries: Room 64 - The Carpets After Raphael's Cartoons
(Topic: Art, Art History, Berlin, Germany) Before proceeding with our discussion of the paintings we come by the Balcony in the large Gallery 64, between the two Courts, and view there the Carpets that were made after Raphael's cartoons, seven of which are to-day in the South Kensington Museum.Pope Leo X ordered of Raphael ten cartoons, from which carpets were woven in 1516 by Peter van Aelst, in gold, silk and wool.
Berlin Art Galleries: Room 38 - Florentine Paintings Of The 15th Century
(Topic: Art, Art History, Berlin, Germany) Continuing our study of the paintings we pass over the balcony of the Basilica and enter the large gallery 38, which is called the Botticelli Gallery, because of the number of works of this great Florentine shown here. The principal Quattrocento Florentines are also represented.Sandro di Mariano Filipepi, called Botticelli (1444-1510), combines to a remarkable degree the results of training and individual genius.
Berlin Art Galleries: Room 37 - Umbrian And Paduan Paintings Of The 15th Century
(Topic: Art, Art History, Berlin, Germany) The influence of Florence was felt to the south as well as to the north. The Umbrians gradually lost their feeling for detail, their gold ornamentation, their sentiment inherited from the Sienese, and followed more and more the Florentine way of expressing form.
Berlin Art Galleries: Rooms 41, 44, 43. Venetian Paintings Of The 15th Century
(Topic: Art, Art History, Berlin, Germany) In the first one of these galleries we will find the works of the men of the so-called terra ferma, of Vicenza, Verona, Brescia. The next gallery contains the larger paintings of the Venetian school proper, with a few Veronese. The Cabinet 43 holds the smaller Venetian works of the Early Renaissance.One of the early men of Brescia, who later went to Milan...
Berlin Art Galleries: Room 42 - Venetian And Lombard Sculpture, And Venetian Paintings
(Topic: Art, Art History, Berlin, Germany) In the next cabinet we find sculpture by Tamagnini, Laurana, and Bambaja, while the room acquires colour from three large Venetian paintings and from ceiling decorations of mythological subjects, by Paolo Veronese, which at one time served in the Palazzo Pisani in Venice.
Berlin Art Galleries: Room 39Collection James Simon
(Topic: Art, Art History, Berlin, Germany) We pass through Cabinet 40, filled with Florentine marbles of the late fifteenth century, by Antonio Rosselino and Mino da Fiesole. Madonnas by Filippino Lippi (82), Mainardi (77), and a portrait of a youth (78), by Botticelli add to the decoration of the room but need not detain us.
Berlin Art Galleries: Room 45 - Florentine Paintings Of The 16th Century
(Topic: Art, Art History, Berlin, Germany) The highest development of art in Italy took place in the sixteenth century. Of course the century mark does not denote the dividing line between the Early Renaissance and the High Renaissance. Some men working towards the end of the fifteenth century reached already forward in expression, while some working in the sixteenth century still retained the flavour of the fifteenth.
Berlin Art Galleries: The Spanish Paintings
(Topic: Art, Art History, Berlin, Germany) THE origin of the Spanish school of painting can be definitely traced to Italy. The statement made in most art histories that Spain being in close relations with the Netherlands the Spanish artists were first taught by the Flemish is an error. This relation was purely a monarchical one.
Berlin Art Galleries: The French Paintings
(Topic: Art, Art History, Berlin, Germany) THE paintings of the French school which hang in Gallery 50, on the long wall to the right and on the rear wall, are not many in number, nor do they give any measurable survey of French art.This is all the more to be regretted because an opportunity was offered to have at least one period strongly represented.
Berlin Art Galleries: The English Paintings
(Topic: Art, Art History, Berlin, Germany) ON the long wall in this same Gallery 50 we find the few examples of the English school, all acquired within the last twenty years. They are portraits, except one, a landscape by Richard Wilson.The first artist is Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), the head of that eighteenth century portrait school which has made English art famous.
Berlin Art Galleries: The German Paintings
(Topic: Art, Art History, Berlin, Germany) THE earliest painting in Germany, as everywhere north of the Alps, consisted of miniature illumination of manuscripts and wall paintings. Panel paintings began with the thirteenth century and consisted at first exclusively of altarpieces. The earliest of these works, and all the Primitives up to and including the works of the fifteenth century, are exposed in Galleries 24, 23, and 20, in the lower...
Berlin Art Galleries: The Dutch And Flemish Paintings
(Topic: Art, Art History, Berlin, Germany) THE Kaiser Friedrich Museum is of great importance for the study of the Netherland schools of painting. In few museums as complete an array of the various painters who constituted those schools may be found. Not alone do we find here masterpieces of the men of the first rank, but those of lower standing are as numerously and as well represented.
Berlin Art Galleries: The Royal National Gallery
(Topic: Art, Art History, Berlin, Germany) THE foundation of the Berlin Collection of nineteenth century art was laid when in 1861 the then King Wilhelm of Prussia accepted the legacy of two hundred and sixty-two paintings left him by the late Swedish and Norwegian Consul G. H. W. Wagener.
Berlin Art Galleries: Raffaello Santi
(Topic: Art, Art History, Berlin, Germany) RAPHAELJ. Addington Symonds calls Raphael one of the four archangels of painting calls him the Phoeban singer to whom the Renaissance reveals her joy and dowers with her melody. He is not deep, and impenetrable, like Leonardo ; he does not overwhelm, like Michelangelo ; he does not intoxicate, like Correggio ; he does not possess the magic of Titian, the pomp of Veronese or Tintoretto, the brilliancy of...
Berlin Art Galleries: Madonna Di Foligno
(Topic: Art, Art History, Berlin, Germany) Sigismund Conti of Foligno, the private secretary of Pope Julius II., going from Rome to his home in Foligno, came very near being killed by a falling meteor. He attributed his deliverance to the Virgin, and vowed to make an offering to her. In fulfillment of this vow, he commissioned Raphael to paint this most precious picture.
Berlin Art Galleries: The Driving Out Of Heliodorus
(Topic: Art, Art History, Berlin, Germany) This is one of the stanze frescoes in the Vatican. The first commission Raphael received from Pope Julius II was to decorate the four stanze (rooms) and the gallery leading to them, which he intended to occupy. These rooms are in the upper story of the Vatican, as the reader who has climbed wearily and breathlessly up to them will well remember.
Berlin Art Galleries: The Transfiguration
(Topic: Art, Art History, Berlin, Germany) In 1519, Cardinal Giuliano de Medici gave Raphael a commission to paint an altarpiece for the church of Narbonne, of which the Cardinal was Bishop. This was the famous Trans-figuration. The legend portrayed here, slightly varying from the account in the New Testament, but not contradicting it, is as follows...
Berlin Art Galleries: The Madonna Of The Fish
(Topic: Art, Art History, Berlin, Germany) The Madonna of the Fish in the gallery at Madrid, is in Raphael's most perfect style. The Virgin sits enthroned with the Christ child on her knee. On one side is St. Jerome kneeling by the Lion; he is holding a book. On the other side the archangel Raphael is presenting at the foot of the throne the young Tobias, whom he formerly guided to the River Tigris, and who bears the miraculous fish whose...
Berlin Art Galleries: The Sistine Madonna
(Topic: Art, Art History, Berlin, Germany) The last Madonna which Raphael painted, and which won for him the title 'Il Divino,' was the Madonna di San Sisto. It was painted for the Benedictine Monks at Piacenza for their church of San Sisto. They retained their treasure until about 1794, when it was bought by Augustus III., Elector of Saxony, and today it is considered the most valuable picture in the world.
Berlin Art Galleries: Michelangelo Buonarotti
(Topic: Art, Art History, Berlin, Germany) On the 6th day of March, 1474, at the castle of Chiusa, in Tuscany, was born Michelangelo Buonarotti. He was descended from the princely house of Canossa. His mother gave him to be nursed by a stone-cutter's wife at Settinagno, a few miles from Florence, high up in the mountains. 'Giorgio,' said Michelangelo to Vasari, 'whatever of acrid my temper may have in it, I ascribe to the keen air of your...
Berlin Art Galleries: The Last Judgment
(Topic: Art, Art History, Berlin, Germany) This is one of the twelve great pictures. It is above the altar in the Sistine Chapel. It was painted by order of Paul III., the Farnese Pope. As soon as he was made Pope he sent for Michelangelo. He found him at work upon the tomb of Julius. The statue of Moses was finished, and said Paul III., 'That statue alone is glory enough for one Pope.'
Berlin Art Galleries: Domenico Zampieri
(Topic: Art, Art History, Berlin, Germany) Domenico Zampieri, called Domenichino, was born at Bologna in 1581. He studied in the school of the Carracci. When he was twenty, he came to Rome, where he made a great reputation, and which he well deserved. He is one of the very best artists of his time. Ile had great technical skill, and his style is charming.
Berlin Art Galleries: The Last Communion Of St. Jerome
(Topic: Art, Art History, Berlin, Germany) The Last Communion of St. Jerome is his masterpiece, and also stands at the head of a long list of pictures representing St. Jerome either doing penance in the desert, and 'knocking at his poor old breast, with his great round stone to subdue the flesh,' or writing his famous translation, or meditating on the mystery of the Incarnation.
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