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Vegetables - Ground Cherry
The ground cherry resembles the tomato in many respects, but bears its small, cherry-like fruit in a husk. The fruits are used for preserves and sauces. When once planted, the plants usually supply abundant seedlings for years after so that seed need not be bought more than once. The plant never becomes a pest, since it is easily destroyed.
Vegetables - Herbs
No home garden can be complete without herbs. These supply a variety of flavors which can be secured from no other plants. They are especially useful for seasoning soups, stews, salads, and dressings. They may be used, therefore, fresh or dried. If dried, they must be kept in glass so that their flavors may not be lost in the air. Preserving in vinegar is also a good way to keep them.
Vegetables - Horse-radish
William F. Miller of Camden county, New jersey, says : Horse-radish is started by setting out roots as early in the spring as the ground will permit. In taking up horse-radish there are always several small roots radiating from the main or tap root, used largely for grating. These small roots are cut off and used for starting new beds.
Vegetables - Kale
Kale is cultivated in practically the same way as cabbage until the plants are set in the field; then it is managed like turnip. The leaves are used for greens. As a rule, they are coarse flavored and stringy. They do not compare with spinach or Savoy cabbage as greens. Their market season is late fall or early winter.
Vegetables - Kohlrabi
Kohlrabi is grown for its thickened stem, which looks like a turnip growing above ground. For early summer use it is preferred to early turnips in many sections. It should be sown like turnips where it has to mature, and should be used while young and tender. When it grows old it becomes tough and woody. Among the best known varieties are White and Purple Vienna.
Vegetables - Leek
The leek is managed like the onion and upon the same kinds of soils. It is grown for its leaves and stems which later are usually blanched toward the close of the season, by having the earth drawn up around them. Commonly the seed is sown in early spring and the seedlings transplanted about the beginning of summer.
Vegetables - Lettuce
Of all salad plants, lettuce is probably the most universally popular. It is rarely used for any other purpose than for salads. Its cultivation may be carried on by means of hotbeds, cold frames, and the open ground throughout the whole year. The greatest demand for it is in the spring when the appetite craves something fresh and succulent.
Vegetables - Mustard
Mustard is a quick-growing salad which may be ready for the table within three weeks of sowing. It is managed precisely the same as garden cress, or peppergrass.
Vegetables - Okra, Or Gumbo
Okra is cultivated for its green pods or its immature seeds. The former are sliced and used in soups; the latter are cooked like peas. It is largely grown in the south, where the seed is planted 2 inches apart, in rows about 2 feet apart, in rich warm soil, at the same time the beans are planted. Dwarf Green and Long Green are the best known varieties.
Vegetables - Onion
As to growing onions for market, Henry Price of Hardin county, Ohio, says I like loam or muck soil best for onions. On hard ground, the crop is uncertain. This type f soil dries out so easily that the ground gets hard, and when you weed the land the weeds break off instead of pulling out. And more than this, the onions will be small, too small for a good market.
Vegetables - Parsley
The leaves of parsley are used for flavoring and garnishing. The crop is managed in the same way as parsnips, except that the leaves are gathered whenever desired and the roots allowed to remain where they are until the seed stalk begins to grow the following spring. For winter use the roots may be taken up in the fall and planted in pots or boxes and kept in the kitchen window.
Vegetables - Parsnip
Cultivation of the parsnip is practically the same as that of beets and turnips. The ;seeds are sown in drills in rich friable soil in the early spring. As they are slow to sprout, it is desirable to plant a few radish seeds at the same time to mark the rows where the parsnips are. These radishes can be removed when weeding the bed after they have served this purpose.
Vegetables - Pepper
Peppers are grown in practically the same way as tomatoes and eggplants, except that they should be planted about 2 feet apart in rows 3 feet apart. Among the best known varieties are Ruby King, which is a large, smooth, bright red, mild flavored sort, and Cayenne, which is long, slender, and exceedingly pungent.
Vegetables - Peas
According to D. S. Kelsey of Connecticut, any good land, stable manured the previous year, or full of half-decayed sod, will do for garden peas. He says : I plow late in the fall and harrow thoroughly in April. Late peas collect their own nitrates on such land, and for them any good super-phosphate is a complete manure, but for early results (and I aim to secure our market and keep it by being two...
Vegetables - Radish
Radish seed is sown in drills in the earliest spring and for successional plantings at intervals of a week or ten days. By allowing 4 to 6 feet of the drill to each member of the family, and making five or six sowings at intervals, there should be a sufficient supply until early summer. During summer the plants are apt to become woody and strong and to run to seed quickly.
Vegetables - Rhubarb
About 12 years ago, writes W. T. Suter of Pennsylvania, I began to sit up and take notice that rhubarb would make a fair side dish for our general meal of market goods. The following spring's inventory showed about 150 hills of worn-out and grass-grown rhubarb roots.
Vegetables - Salsify, Or Vegetable Oyster
Salsify is grown for its tap roots, which are cooked and served like carrots and parsnips. The cultivation is the same as for parsnips (which see). The best known variety is the Mammoth Sandwich Island.
Vegetables - Spinach
Spinach is an annual plant whose leaves are used in late fall, early winter, and spring for greens. There are two principal classes of this vegetable, one with round seeds, the other with prickly. The latter are considered the hardier, though the former are esteemed more highly for table use. Frequently this crop is sown between early spring crops such as peas and cabbage, and is removed before these plants require all the ground.
Vegetables - Squash
There are several well-defined groups of squashes. Among the best known are Scallop and Crookneck, which form bushlike plants about 4 or 5 feet across, and the running squashes, which include the late varieties. The bush squashes are early sorts. Squashes are planted in rich soil, the summer varieties about 6 feet apart and the winter sorts 8 or 10 feet.
Vegetables - Tomato
To grow tomatoes requires no especial skill. In fact, there is no plant in field or garden except the weed that will submit to gross neglect and still flourish as will the tomato, and if we were content to grow a supply for home or market during the months of August and September no especial instruction or costly manipulation would be required.
Vegetables - Turnip
There are two classes of turnips popularly grown in this country the purple and the yellow. The former is more popular as an early variety than the latter, which is of finer flavor, and is the leading fall and winter kind. Both crops are essentially cold weather plants, and, therefore, cannot be expected to do best in summer.
Vegetables - Watercress
Watercress is an aquatic plant whose long-leafed stems are used largely as a salad. It is of the simplest cultivation where the soil is very moist. It does best, however, in running water or the edges of brooks. All that is necessary is to sow seed along margins of the brook and let the plants take care of themselves.
Spraying
Fruit growers, as a rule, understand that fungicides should be used as preventives, as when the spores have germinated and have penetrated the tissues the fungus has passed beyond the reach of a surface application. While some benefit may derive from spraying after the fungus is at work, writes Prof. L. R. Taft of the Michigan experiment station.
Ornamental Plants
The one thing necessary td make most farms attractive is ornamental planting around the house and buildings. The plants used need not be expensive, they need not demand much attention, they need not be imported, they need only to be appropriate to their positions. A great many mistakes are made in planting trees and shrubs by scattering them in a meaningless way over the ground.
Hardy Perennials Anyone Can Grow
Among the immense list of hardy perennials that anyone can grow the following can be procured for very insignificant cost, even if they do not grow in the woods, fence rows, or neighbors' gardens: Columbine, larkspur, peony, perennial poppies, wild asters, goldenrod, gasplant, snapdragon, coneflower (golden glow), perennial pea, hop, yucca, phlox clematis, anemone, iris, sacaline, gaillardia...
Best Trees To Plant
Among the most popular and best for planting around the :house are Basswood, chestnut, American elm, horse chestnut, sugar maple, locust, honey locust, white pine, Norway spruce, Kentucky coffee tree, various magnolias, yellow wood, catalpa, golden chain, great laurel, red maple, white oak, pepperidge, sweet gum, whitewood, paper birch,yellow willow, mountain ash, maidenhair tree, shadbush and Judas tree.
Planting Vines Give Homelike Effect
The home idea can also be accentuated by the use of vines. On brick and stone work, nothing is so satisfactory as Boston ivy. It requires no supports, since it clings to the bricks. Contrary to the popular belief, ivies which cling in this way do not produce dampness in the house ; they draw moisture from the walls through their tiny root-lets along the stems.
Glass Conservatories And Greenhouses
As an adjunct to many farm homes, a small conservatory or greenhouse will add greatly to the wife's and daughter's enjoyment of flowers during the winter. Such structures need not be costly nor large. An area 10 by 15 feet will supply all the needs of the household, both for flowers and for such small winter vegetables as parsley, radishes, young onions, peppergrass, lettuce and many other plants...
Favorite Perennials
The great mistake in growing hardy perennials, writes the late C. L. Allen of Long Island, New York, is the almost general opinion that when once planted they can forever remain in the same place without further care or attention. This is a fatal error from the fact of its being in direct opposition to. the universal law that the rotation of crops is an agricultural necessity.
Plants For Hanging Baskets
Two of the most important classes of flowers, writes Laura Jones of Kentucky, are pot shrubs and hanging basket plants, because they are useful, decorative, and are all-the-year-round plants. With proper care they are always permanent with us. Some of the pot shrubs can be kept from six to eight years, if properly pruned to keep in low shrubby shape.
Growing Pansies In Winter
Let me tell you, says C. L. Meller of Wisconsin, how I have obtained rather inexpensive, though very pretty floral decorations from the pansy, and that without going to a florist. You can have pansies any winter month in bloom if you will follow directions, and if you have a pansy bed, or can get a few plants from one. Remove the winter covering from the bed and dig up a few plants, roots and all, nor hesitate even though the ground is frozen solid.
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