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The Vegetable Garden
'It is unfortunate that so many farm gardens are ruined at the outset by inferior seed. In the country,' writes A. B. Ross of Pennsylvania, ' we depend on the country store for our seed far too much, and we are careless. Look out for the gaudily illustrated seed box. If you knew its hoary and shameless record you might believe in total depravity. Old seed, inferior seed, everything that makes...
Plants For Transplanting
'House-raised plants are never so thrifty as those raised in hotbeds and cold frames.' In the latter the growth is quicker, more uniform and the process of hardening off can be begun, as it should be, a month after the plants have made their appearance. Cauliflower, tomatoes, peppers, egg-plants, and onions go into the hotbed; lettuce; beets, cabbage, etc., into the cold frame...
Garden Planning
Don't wait till the last minute to plan the garden. Plan to get two crops, where possible, in one season. In the onion bed and between the early beets plant parsnips and salsify. They will not interfere with each other at all. If the corn is checked, bush limas may be planted one way of the hills, and a good crop gathered, without hurting the corn.
Garden Profits
'During the last seven years I have been engaged in vegetable gardening near Columbus,Ohio, in which city all the produce has been marketed,' writes Prof. V. H. Davis. 'All the principal vegetables have been grown with more or less success, but we have always followed the plan of making a specialty of two or three crops, growing only such others as will fit in with these to the best advantage.'
Breezy Notes By Woman Gardener
'Truckers say that after seed is sown we should either roll, slap, or tramp the ground,' says Mrs. Preston Kuntz of Pennsylvania. " I never do that This method should be used only on dry and sandy soil. I gently pat with my hand or the hoe; this is sufficient to settle the ground. If a dashing rain comes I loosen the ground with a rake as soon as fit.
Western Woman's Garden
Mrs. H. M. Woodward of Illinois writes of her profitable garden as follows : 'Our plot of ground is 150 x 165 feet, and we have the use of another lot near by which is go x 165 feet. Nearly half of this lot is used as a chicken park, but we have several plum trees of bearing age planted in it. As we grow considerable fruit, much of the garden is permanent, but all the vegetables used in the family are grown, with the exception of winter potatoes.
Field Forcing Vegetables
The forcing of early vegetables has become a business of considerable magnitude, and a person may well ask, Does it pay, and, if so, can I hope to succeed? 'My own work,' says E. E. Adams of Essex county, Ontario, 'has been growing for early market tomatoes, peppers, cabbage, beans, muskmelons, and sweet corn in the field, not under glass.
Value Of Fertilizers
'As soon as planting is all done about one ounce of nitrate of soda is applied around each plant, care being exercised that none is put on the plants, for where it is so left it will burn them. When it is all on, the tooth cultivator is put on, and the ground cultivated both ways to mix the soda in thoroughly. Cultivation is practiced- twice each week, first one way, then the other.
Planting A Midsummer Garden
'My summer garden,' writes Dr. M. R. Sharpe of Maine, was started more as an experiment than from any real expectation of its being a success. Some of my neighbors laughed when they saw me after July 4 sowing seed which they believed should have been put in the ground by the middle of May.
Securing Early Plants For Gardening
Charles Black of Mercer county, New Jersey, tells how to secure early plants for early gardens; as follows : 'Hotbeds and cold frames are easily made and managed. They can be counted on to give so much pleasure and profit that nearly all farmers should have at. least one of each to grow plants for his own use.
Making Straight Garden Rows
'To enable one man to mark out straight rows in the quickest possible manner' writes R. J. Dallinga of Summit county, Ohio, we stretch two, strong cotton lines, which cost us about 25 cents apiece, where the first two rows are to be, say, 3 feet apart.
Circumventing Weeds In The Garden
The long growing season of the south makes it almost impossible, at least impracticable, to keep the garden clear f weeds all summer. No matter how clean the garden may be kept throughout the earlier part of the season, the weeds creep in Iater on, and in the fall the garden looks more like a weed bed than anything else.
Proper Storage For Vegetables
In the storage of vegetables for farm use the main requirements are: Correct and uniform temperature, darkness, and the proper amount of moisture. These essentials can best be obtained and maintained in what is commonly known as the root cellar; that is, a cellar covered with earth.
Vegetables - Artichoke, Jerusalem
The tubers of this sunflower-like plant are far less highly esteemed than they should be in home gardens. The plants will thrive in any good soil without any cultivation. They need only be held within bounds. Each year they will reproduce from the small tubers left in the ground at digging.
Vegetables - Asparagus
According to W. G. Dawson of Dorchester county, Maryland, 'Asparagus, when properly grown and carefully packed, is a good paying crop, and probably the most certain of all in the perishable list. This is because the supply rarely exceeds the demand, asparagus being used so extensively in its fresh state and for canning.
Vegetables - Beans
L. C. Seal of Indiana discusses bean growing as follows : 'Did your young bean vines ever promise well, then suddenly yellow up and, perhaps, die, and you could not account for it? Maybe you hoed them one time when their foliage was wet. You should not have done so. Never touch snap beans until the foliage is absolutely dry. It will cause the leaves to drop prematurely.
Vegetables - Beets
Beets are very readily grown on almost any soil, not too sandy nor too heavy, preferably a very rich, well-worked and deep loam. For earliest use the round forms should be chosen. Of these there are many that Are of quick growth. They are planted in rows 16 inches apart, as soon as the soil can be worked in spring.
Vegetables - Brussels Sprouts
Anyone who can grow cabbage can grow Brussels sprouts. Everyone who likes cabbage willlike Brussels sprouts better. But the same carelessness that produces woody, rank flavored cabbage will have a like effect on Brussels sprouts. People who give the plant a fair trial in the garden and the kitchen soon swell the ranks of lovers of this popular vegetable.
Vegetables - Cabbage
We usually plant six or eight acres of cabbage of several varieties each year, says H. A. Souther-land of Ontario county, New York. 'During the last five years we have found Burpee's All Head earlier and Burpee's Danish better than any we have ever tried. We have also grown All Seasons, but it gives poorer results than the ones mentioned.
Vegetables - Cantaloupes And Watermelons
A warm, sandy soil made rich with stable manure, thoroughly composted, is generally considered the genial home of the cantaloupe, so far as regards the production of a crop. But quality is quite as important a consideration as quantity. To produce a large crop is an easy matter, but to produce melons of high flavor is an art that has never been taught.
Vegetables - Carrots
Carrots are used both for table vegetables and for flavoring soups and stews. They are of the easiest culture. The seed is sown in rich, mellow soil, preferably with a few radish seeds to mark the rows and kept cleanly cultivated until they get a good start. If sown as soon as the ground can be worked, roots can be secured by the latter part of May or early June.
Vegetables - Cauliflower
'I own 40 acres in the suburbs of Chicago and value this land at $5,000 an acre,' writes Sivert Howelesen of Cook county, Illinois. 'The least profit these 40 acres have ever returned me was $3,000 annually. My principal farming has consisted in vegetables to supply the Chicago markets, mainly cauliflowers, and also spinach, cabbage, cucumbers, radishes, and other crops in season.
Vegetables - Celery
Celery seed should be sown out of doors as soon as the soil is in first-class condition to work. The seed bed should be thoroughly pulverized and raked very finely to give the small seeds a chance to start. Two or three square yards of ground, says Irving C. Smith of Wisconsin, is plenty to grow plants for yourself and to give your friends. Don't be afraid to cover the seed.
Vegetables - Chives
This hardy little onion-like plant grows in thick tufts from small oval bulbs, scarcely larger than a hazel nut. The hollow, abundant grasslike leaves are used for seasoning soups, stews, salads, etc. The plants are propagated by dividing the tufts and planting them in ordinary garden soil.
Vegetables - Collard
The Georgia collard, extensively grown in the south for greens, is a loose-leaved variety of cabbage. The term collard is more or less loosely applied to young cabbages that have not formed heads. Seed is sown in midsummer from June to August for succession and the plants transplanted to rows of 30 inches apart and 1 foot apart between the plants.
Vegetables - Corn-sweet
The man who grows sweet corn for market, usually appreciates the possibilities of a continuous crop fresh from the field from early July to October, says Prof. V. H. Davis of Franklin county, Ohio. I have grown this crop for home use and in a small way for local markets for years, and the methods employed may be suggestive, and, perhaps, profitably followed by others.
Vegetables - Cress
Cress, or peppergrass, is a pungent salad, which may be had from seed within three weeks of sowing. It is planted very thickly in drills and clipped with shears. Rarely does it grow more than 4 or 5 inches tall before running to seed; if cut not too close to the ground, two or three cuttings may be made. When it begins to flower it becomes too strong for eating as a salad.
Vegetables - Cucumber
A deep, rich loam, retentive of moisture, is best adapted to the cucumber, and preferably it should be well exposed to the sun. Seed should be planted only after the ground has become warm, or, for very early fruits, on sods or in berry boxes in the hotbed and transplanted after all danger of frost has passed. For outdoor planting, from the middle to the last of May is usual in the north.
Vegetables - Eggplant
The seed of this plant is sown earlier than tomato seed, because the seedlings are rather slow growing. Usually it is started in the hotbed or green-house and planted 2 feet apart in rows 3 feet apart after the ground is thoroughly warm in the latter part of May or early June. Fruit can be expected about the middle to last of August.
Vegetables - Endive
Endive is used as a salad during the late fall and winter. It resembles dandelion in habit and growth and has a similar bitter taste. It is sown and man-aged in the same way as lettuce. For early summer use the seed is planted in the spring and for late use in July. Usually the leaves are blanched by being tied lightly above the crowns of the plants when the plants are nearly full grown.
Vegetables - Garlic
Garlic is grown for the cloves or little bulbs which form a head at the top of the stems. These are inclosed in a white or rose-colored skin. These cloves are planted in early spring like onion sets. Good rich soil is essential. After the heads are well formed these are gathered with long stems and woven into braids for drying upon pegs. The cloves are used for flavoring.
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