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Sociology - Modern Social Problems
What is Society? - Perhaps the great question which sociology seeks to answer is this question which we have put at the beginning.
Theory Of Evolution Upon Social Problems
SINCE Darwin wrote his Origin of Species all the sciences in any way connected with biology have been profoundly influenced by his theory of evolution. It is important that the student of sociology, therefore, should understand at the outset something of the bearing of Darwin's theory upon social problems.
Family In Social Organization
INSTEAD of, continuing the study of social evolution in general it will be best now, before we take up some of the problems of modern society, to study the evolution of some important social institution, because in so doing we can see more clearly the working of the biological and psychological forces which have brought about the evolution of human institutions.
Origin Of The Family
WE must understand the biological roots of the family before we can understand the family as an institution, and especially before we can understand its origin.
Forms Of The Family
THE family as an institution has varied greatly in its forms from age to age and from people to people. This is what we should expect, seeing that all organic structures are variable. Such variations in human institutions are due partially to the influences of the environment, partially to the state of knowledge, and partially to many other causes as yet not well understood.
Historical Development Of The Family
WHILE we cannot enter into the historical evolution of the family as an institution among the different civilized peoples, still it will be profitable for us to consider the history of the family among some single representative people in order that we may see the forces which have made and unmade the family life, and incidentally also to a great degree, the general social life of that people.
Problem Of The Modern Family
PASSING over the changes which affected the family during the Middle Ages and the still more striking changes which came through the Reformation, we must now devote ourselves to the study of the problems of the family as it exists at present.
Growth Of Population
MASS is a factor in the survival of a social group. Other things being equal, that society will stand the best chance of surviving which has the largest population. Moreover, the larger the mass of a given group the greater can be the industrial and cultural division of labor in that group.
Immigration Problem
IN new countries population may increase by immigration as well as by the surplus of births over deaths. Immigration is, therefore, a secondary means of increasing the population of a country, and in new countries is often of great importance. Immigration, or the migration of a people into a country, along with its correlative emigration, or the migration of a people out of a country, constitutes a most important social phenomenon.
Problem Of The City
The growth of large cities constitutes perhaps the greatest of all the problems of modern civilization.
Poverty And Pauperism
WHILE the many social problems arising from the presence in society of abnormal or socially unadjusted classes, namely, the dependent, defective, and delinquent classes, cannot be discussed in this book adequately, yet they must be briefly noticed in order to correlate them with other social problems...
Crime
THE problem of crime is one of the great problems of social pathology. There have been developed, in order to deal with this problem scientifically, a number of subsidiary sciences, especially Criminology and Penology, which are sciences dealing with the causes, nature, and treatment of crime.
Socialism In The Light Of Sociology
THERE have been many short-cuts proposed to the solution of social problems. Among these the various schemes for reorganizing human society and industry, brought together under the general name of socialism, have attracted most attention and deserve most serious consideration.
Education And Social Progress
As has just been said, the ultimate reliance in all social reform or social reconstruction must be upon the education of the individual. Social organization can never be more complex or of a higher type than the individual character and intelligence of the members of the group warrants.
Christian Names
On reading a note in your number for December, a thought occurred that few people are acquainted with the meaning of what are called their Christian names.
Ancient Surnames
So much has already been written upon the origin and import of Surnames, that it may seem unnecessary to revert to the subject. It has, however, occurred to me that little has been done to illustrate the descent of these appellations ; or to show how many of our present disguised surnames are the representatives of those which in their more ancient form were possessed of meaning.
Surnames Terminating In -cock.
You recently gave admission to the communications of two correspondents, discussing the etymology of surnames terminating in -cock; and their remarks were neither unamusing nor unprofitable. I am somewhat surprised, however, that one origin and meaning of Cock, both as a surname standing alone.
New Names To Old Streets.
In your last Supplement, p. 634, A. Z. notices the practice of giving new names to old streets in this Metropolis. Some, perhaps, have been changed for more reputable names, as the streets have been improved by more respectable inhabitants : such as Poor Jewry-lane ; Cow-lane, Smithfield ; Petty France, Westminster, now called York-street, etc...
Resemblance Of The Names Of British Rivers
It is indisputably certain that the western countries of Europe were formerly in the possession of the Celtic nation, who not only inhabited those parts which border on the British isles, but extended so far that Ptolemy and Ephorus have denominated Europe Celtica.
Ocean Echoes - Concerning Who's Who And Why
One often wonders whether the the desire to wander is not something more than the fidgeting of a restless soul. Although my hair is graying and my stride shortening, my sympathy with adventure is as fresh within me as was the spirit to dare the day I capsized a sail-boat in a squall, and the doctor was called to give aid to my mother.
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