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History Of Each Of The Arts
The correctness of the several principles here adduced may be best evinced, and will be fully illustrated, by reference to the history of the rise and progress of the arts in any country, and by that of each of the arts alike; all being swayed by the same important events, and being regulated by the same general principles...
Classifaction Of Each Art
THE due and correct classification of each of the arts, as-signing to them severally their appropriate province, is a matter of the first consequence in the attainment of a complete know-ledge of the subject of this work ; and to this object the present chapter will be devoted.
Province Of Painting
I now therefore proceed to assign to each art the appropriate sphere or province in which it is especially adapted to move, being moreover that to which, and to which alone it properly belongs. The peculiar province or distinctive department of the art of painting is to represent with fidelity and force...
Of Sculpture
The strict province or distinctive department of the art of sculpture—in which also the eye is the organ of sense that is availed of is to represent real objects in nature as regards their form or shape, which is the main element of sculpture, in which it is absolutely complete and perfect ; but light and shade are important auxiliary elements here.
Of Poetry
The direct province or distinctive department of the art of poetry is, by its tasteful and harmonious, and even musical arrangement of the order of the words used in a verbal composition, whether spoken or written, according to the principles already referred to...
Of Eloquence
The intimate alliance between poetry and eloquence, precisely the same elements being employed in both, has already been referred to. Not unfrequently, indeed, they are so closely connected as to appear in many respects identical, the difference between them being very indistinctly, if at all discernible.
Of Music
The proper province of music, the only sense appealed to or employed in which is that of hearing, although the feelings as well are sought to be moved, is to regulate the order of certain sounds in such a manner as that harmony will result therefrom...
Of Architecture
The particular province of architecture, the sense exercised about which is that of sight, and the elements available in which are form, including both shape and size, and to a certain extent colour also, is to regulate with becoming taste the erection of buildings.
Of Dramatic Acting
The province of the art of dramatic acting, in which are exercised the senses of both sight and hearing, is to represent in the most vivid and truthful manner, through the real imitation of them by actually existing and living agents, the operation of the various feelings and passions which excite mankind.
Of Costume
The province of costume, which appeals to the sense of sight only, is the direction of the general construction, with due regard to the principles of taste, of the clothing necessary for our use, so as to render it not only serviceable but orna-mental, and its sight as agreeable to our mental perceptions and feelings, as its material is to our senses and emotions.
Of Gardening
The province of gardening, in the pursuit of which art the sense of sight is the directing agent, is to render that which was before only an object of practical economy, and serviceable merely to our animal wants, a means of affording plea-sure to the higher senses and endowments, by regulating its construction and arrangement according to the principles of taste.
Styles In Different Schools Of Art
Having now inquired minutely into the particular province which is the appointed sphere of operation of each of the arts, and surveyed them seriatim as to their several capabilities, we have next to trace the development in different modes of the leading styles and prominent characteristics by which they become distinguished.
Union Of Opposite Excellences In The Same Work Of Art
A question of deep interest and of considerable importance here arises, whether opposite and even contrary excellences belonging to different styles, such as sublimity and grandeur and beauty, and close resemblance to nature, may be all united in one and the same artistical composition.
Each Art Springs From The Same Origin
However widely one from another, in many respects, all the various branches of the arts when viewed at once appear to differ; there is nevertheless a common bond of union between them which connects them all together.
Arts - Each Pursues The Same Object
The connection which exists between the different branches of the arts, is further seen in the one common object which they all alike aim at or pursue. The object of each art is to excite in the mind certain ideas and emotions, and through these to represent certain subjects and transactions, and nature generally.
Arts - Each Effects Its End By The Same Means
In all the arts alike, however apparently remote one from the other, precisely the same process is pursued in the calling forth of ideas, and in exciting certain feelings in the mind, although the instrument actually used for this purpose by various arts is necessarily quite different.
Arts - Rise And Growth Of Each Correspondingly Proceed
A further and very striking coincidence between each of the arts is afforded by the similarity in their several corresponding characteristics which they exhibit during their youth, and at each period of their growth, as they respectively proceed from infancy to maturity.
Similar Styles Exist In Each
A further connection discernible between the different branches of art, and which alone seems to establish the sister-hood between them, and to constitute a point of family resemblance, is that they each of them possess precisely the same peculiar and special styles which belong to art generally, but, at the same time, to art exclusively.
Arts - Each Are Regulated By The Same Principle
With respect to the general leading principles for the regulation of art, whether as regards design, composition, description, expression, or imagination, we shall find that exactly the same rules are more or less adapted for the government of each art, and at each separate stage.
Arts - Each Are Corresponding Affected By Translations
The connection between the different branches of art of each kind, is further and very forcibly exhibited by the effect which is produced on any work in them, by translating or transposing it into another language, or into a branch or department of art different from that in which it was originally brought forth.
Arts - Corresponding Utility In Their Respective Spheres
It is also to be observed, as an additional bond of union between all the various branches of the arts, that they each of them in their respective spheres are of corresponding utility, although this utility may be very different in its nature and operation among these different arts.
Arts - Prosperity And Decline Of Each
It is, lastly, to be observed of each of the arts, that causes of the same, or of a corresponding nature, will be found in every case to influence and to regulate their prosperity, progress, and decline. All causes which affect or influence civilization, affect or influence art, affect or influence every branch of it, and affect or influence every branch of it in a similar or a corresponding manner.
Determination Of The Several Principles Of Artistical Regulation
ALL works of art are equally subject to rule, though in all of them this may not equally appear. Every animal frame is alike supported and moved by bone and muscle and sinew, although in some bodies this is much more obvious than it is in others.
Art - Conception And Execution
In the production of a work of art of either kind, there are two efforts to be accomplished which are in their nature wholly distinct and independent.
Mannerism In Art
The defect, if so it may be termed, which is ordinarily called mannerism, consists in a peculiarity, or rather individuality of manner in which any person, in whatever branch of art, treats the subject he is describing, and which is in reality not unfrequently the result of the power of his genius...
Enunciation Of The Elments Of Delineation
The principles of art, including especially those of delineation, although all originating and deducible from nature, as will more particularly and at large be pointed out in one of the following sections, are nevertheless best to be enunciated by the examination of those works of art in which the application of these principles has been peculiarly successful.
Examination, Seriatim, Of These Several Elements
The following may be considered to comprehend the several elements of delineation alluded to, and which are here treated of seriatim...
Alliterative Ornament In Artistical Delineation
One peculiar mode of giving effect to design in art of different kinds, directly applicable, indeed, to certain branches far more than to others, and which appertains to delineation and not to the picturesque, is that which is known by the name of Alliteration.
Nature And Art Mutually Interpretative And Corrective Of Each Other
Whatever rules may be laid down for our direction in any of the arts, nature alone affords us a complete code of the purest principles, and also a perfect example of their application, one, moreover, which is at once striking and satisfactory.
Deviations From Nature, When And How Far Defensible
Nevertheless, it may sometimes happen that a departure from literal fact in the description or representation of a real scene or transaction in nature, may not only be warranted upon principle, but that under proper limits it may in certain cases serve to convey a more adequate and complete...
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