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Origin Of Song Vs. Origin Of Instrumental Music
EMERSON characterized language as fossil poetry, but fossil music would have described it even better; for as Darwin says, man sang before he became human.
Music Of The Hebrews And The Hindus
THE music of the Hebrews presents one of the most interesting subjects in musical history, although it has an unfortunate defect in common with so many kindred subjects, namely, that the most learned dissertation must invariably end with a question mark.
Music Of The Egyptians, Assyrians, And Chinese
IN speaking of the music of antiquity we are seriously hampered by the fact that there is practically no actual music in existence which dates back farther than the eighth or tenth century of the present era.
Music Of The Chinese (continued)
HAVING described the musical instruments in use in China we still have for consideration the music itself, and the conditions which led up to it. Among the Chinese instruments mentioned in the preceding chapter, the preponderance of instruments of percussion, such as drums, gongs, bells, etc., has probably been noticed.
Music Of Greece
THE first name of significance in Greek music is that of Homer. The hexameters of The Iliad and The Odyssey were quite probably chanted, but the four-stringed lyre which we associate with the ancient Greek singers was only used for a few preluding notes possibly to pitch the voice of the bard and not during the chant itself.
Music Of The Romans The Early Church
THE art history of the world makes it clear to us that when the art of a country turns to over-elaboration of detail and mechanical dexterity, when there is a general tendency toward vividness of impression rather than poignancy and vitality of expression, then we have the invariable sign of that decadence which inevitably drifts into revolution of one kind or another.
Formation Of The Scale Notation
IN comparing the Ambrosian chant with that of Gregory, it may be said that we have touched upon the vital principle of modern music. The novelty in the Gregorian chant consisted in its absolute emancipation from the tyranny of actual words and declamation; while the idea, the poetic principle, or religious ecstasy still remained the ideal to be expressed in the music.
Systems Of Hucbald And Guido D' Arezzo - The Beginning Of Counterpoint
WE have seen that by order of Charlemagne, Ambrosian chant was superseded by that of Gregory, and from any history of music we may learn how he caused the Gregorian chant to be taught to the exclusion of all other music. Although Notker, in the monastery of St. Gall, in Switzerland, and others developed the Gregorian chant, until the time of Hucbald this music remained mere wandering melody.
Musical Instruments Their History And Development
IN church music, the organ is perhaps the first instrument to be considered. In 951, Elfeg, the Bishop of Winchester had built in his cathedral a great organ which had four hundred pipes and twenty-six pairs of bellows, to manage which seventy strong men were necessary.
Folk Song And Its Relation To Nationalism In Music
IN order to understand as well as to feel music, we must reduce it to its primary elements, and these are to be found in folk song, or, to go further back, in its predecessor, the chant of the savages. Folk music may be likened to a twig which has fallen into a salt mine, to borrow an expression from Taine; every year adds fresh jewels to the crystals that form on it until at last the only resemblance to the original is in the general contour.
Troubadours Minnesingers And Mastersingers
ALTHOUGH wandering minstrels or bards have existed since the world began, and although the poetry they have left is often suggestive, the music to which the words were sung is but little known.
Merging Of The Suite Into The Sonata
IN the previous chapter it-was stated that the various dances, such as the minuet, sarabande, allemande, etc., led up to our modern sonata form, or, perhaps, to put it more dearly, they led up to what we call sonata form.
Development Of Pianoforte Music
UP to the time of Beethoven, music for the pianoforte consisted mainly of programme music of the purely descriptive order, that is to say, it was generally imitative of natural or artificial externals.
Mystery And Miracle Play
It is interesting to recall the origin of our words treble and discant. The latter was derived from the first attempts to break away from the monotony of several persons singing the same melody in unison, octaves, fifths, or fourths.
Opera
No art form is so fleeting and so subject to the dictates of fashion as opera. lt has always been the plaything of fashion, and suffers from its changes. Today the stilted figures of Hasse, Pergolesi, Rameau, and even Gluck, seem as grotesque to us as the wigs and buckles of their contemporaries.
Opera (continued)
One of the most disputed questions in modem music is that of opera. Although we have many controversies as to what purely instrumental or vocal music may do, the operatic art, if we may call it so, always remains the same.
Lives And Art Principles Of Some Seventeenth And Eighteenth Century Composers
There is much of value to the student to be derived from a study of the lives and art principles of the composers of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. To go back to an earlier period would hardly be worth while, as the music composed in those days is too much obscured by the uncertainty of tradition and the inevitable awkwardness of expression that goes with all primitiveness in art.
Declamation In Music
THERE is one side of music which I am convinced has never been fully studied, namely, the relation between it and declamation. As we know, music is a language which may delineate actual occurrences by means of onomatopoetic sounds.
Suggestion In Music
IN speaking of the power of suggestion in music I wish at the outset to make certain reservations. ln the first place I speak for myself, and what I have to present is merely an expression of my personal opinion; if in any way these should incite to further investigation or discussion, my object will in part have been attained.
Theory Of The Arts
As man is the highest of God's creatures, so the noblest of God's works is the mind of man. Those of our capacities which are the most exalted adapt us for the study of the beautiful and the grand. Nevertheless, the different pursuits in which any person may be engaged, are in their nature as various as are the faculties with which he is endowed.
Application Of Art For Commerical Purpose
Nevertheless, however pleasing or attractive any branch of knowledge, or any intellectual pursuit may appear to be, yet, in order to induce either those who are the most intelligent and influential, or who constitute the great mass of mankind to devote themselves to the study of it, we ought first to convince them of the real advantages which they will derive from its cultivation.
Art For The Illustration Of Literature
One of the most simple and direct purposes to which the art of painting was early applied, and for which it is still extensively resorted to, is the communication from one person to another, however distantly apart from each other these different individuals may be, of the ideas of various objects or scenes...
Arts Influence In Promoting The Study Of Nature
The actual practical value of each of the arts has a very extensive scope in the case of every individual, as regards the capability which they confer upon us for admiring nature, for viewing her in all her real splendour and beauty, and thus having in every object around us something to dwell upon and delight in.
Arts Adaption To Refine And Ennoble The Mind
The most important and the most exalted of all the advantages derived from the study of art, considered as an intellectual pursuit, must, however, be acknowleged to consist in its practical adaptation and extensive power to refine and en-noble the mind, and to furnish it with ideas of the most sub-lime and lofty nature.
National Utility Of Art
But, if the arts are capable of producing these great and important effects upon individuals, will not their effects be proportionably great on a body of persons, on a nation, among whom they are cultivated and studied ? This doubtless must be, as it ever has been, the result.
Art For Recording Great Events
There is one particular mode, indeed, by which the arts are especially enabled to be the means of producing very important and direct moral effects upon a nation ; and that is by the powerful and exciting descriptions which they afford of great events that have occurred, and by animating the minds of the people, and inspiring them with noble sentiments with regard to these transactions.
Art For Raising Monumental Tributes
One of the most important purposes for which the arts of painting, sculpture, and architecture are capable of being employed, as regards their national effect, is the erection of public monumental tributes to the memory of those illustrious individuals who have by their labours or their talents conferred benefit on their country, or on mankind at large.
Religions Influence And Application Of Art
Considering the great power and influence over the mind which the arts possess, especially the art of painting, and how extensively the sister art of poetry, even in the inspired writings, has been availed of in the service of religion, I can-not but think that we of this country greatly err in not employing pictorial composition for this the highest purpose for which it could be used...
Universal Experience Of Its Value And Effect
As art appeals to the minds of people of all ages and all times alike, so in a corresponding manner the experience of its potency and of its value is felt by all. And this is the case as regards each of the arts.
High Testimony In All Ages To Its Civilizing Power
That those individuals of the most enlarged and cultivated minds, both in the ancient and modern ages of the world, have ever thus regarded and esteemed the study of the arts, none will attempt to deny. Whether painting or poetry, sculptare or architecture, eloquence or music, each of these arts has the same origin and the same object, and is alike influential and important.
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