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Personal Endowments
The endowments, whether of mind or body, and whether natural or acquired, possessed by any person, are most important to be portrayed in this branch of the arts. Ideas of these may be conveyed either by description, as of the bodily appearance or conduct of an individual.
Art Theory - Personal Qualities
The qualities or moral attributes which any one possesses, constitute another main element in his character, and may be represented in the same way as his personal endowments. In the consideration of the subject of the present section, it should be borne in mind that grace or beauty in a countenance, may be quite independent of its intellectual or moral qualities, as the most virtuous person may be hideously ugly, or the most depraved and wicked extremely handsome, and as such his appearance may be gratifying to the sight.
Art Theory - Animal Feelings
The animal passions emotions and excitements by which any person is agitated, may be represented in the same mode as that by which we describe his endowments and qualities. It must, however, here be borne in mind that the more apparent and visible any emotion or passion is as regards its effects or operation, the more easy it is of imitation.
Art Theory - Expression Of Compound Operations
We have next to consider the expression of his sentiments by any particular person, as one of the modes for the representation of human character and emotion.
Art Theory - Exhibition Of Compound Operations
Reference has already been made in a preceding chap-ter to the practicability of comprehending in the same composition, a variety of opposite excellences as regards the general qualities of the art itself.
Art Theory - Classification Of Features
If, however, the importance of duly and correctly developing the character and expression of the individuals represented in pictorial composition be fully acknowledged, it must also follow, as a necessary consequence, that whatever contributes to enable us to effect this object, in the surest and most satisfactory mode, demands every attention that can be given to it.
Examples In Each Art
The correctness of the principles enunciated in the pre-ceding sections, will be most satisfactorily proved by a reference to some examples of the most striking and successful efforts in each of the arts, which will afford an illustration of the combined operation of each of these principles together in the same composition, and of the results arising from their observance.
Imagination And Invention In Artistical Representation
HAVING considered in the preceding chapter the adaptation of art for the representation of human nature, and of nature generally we have next to inquire into the efforts which it is capable of exerting in the realms of imagination and invention. Nor can it be doubted that the noblest of the soul's powers are those of origination.
Distinctive Province Of Imagination And Invention
We have therefore next to inquire into the precise mode of operation of that faculty of the mind by which efforts of an imaginative kind are achieved, in the manner and to the extent alluded to.
Orginative Operations Of The Mind
The originative efforts of the mind, whether of imagination or invention, are effected in a twofold manner. 1. By means of operations which are performed through certain of the intellectual faculties. 2. By means of certain elements which are availed of as the materials for this purpose.
Art Theory - Comparison And Association
The second of the intellectual operations to be performed in the exercise of imagination, is that of the comparison and association together of ideas. The exercise of invention can, however, but seldom be aided by this process, if, indeed, in any case, it is strictly available for this purpose.
Art Theory - Province Of Reason
I have already adverted to the influence which taste, and the other faculties and powers and endowments of the mind, exercise on its different operations. Imagination is in an equal and a corresponding manner thus affected, both as to its extent and its mode of acting.
Art Theory - Province Of Passions
The province of the passions in imaginative effort is very important, and is the more extensive on account of the power and energy characteristic of all their operations.
Art Theory - Elements Of Orgination
The following appear to me to be the principal and essential elements which are made use of in the exercise of imagination, and the endowment of any subject or object with which serves to conduce mainly to its imaginative effect :ól. The idea of obscurity. 2. That of the possession of power. 3. That of the possession of energy. 4. That of novelty. 5. That of the possession of vastness.
Art Theory - Suggestion Infinite
A very large portion of the imaginative efforts which are achieved in either branch of the arts, is, as already observed, effected mainly by exciting in the mind associations of ideas connected with the subject.
Use Of The Supernatural
It appears to me, however, that in all the active imaginative efforts which the mind is capable of exerting, that on which we mainly depend for success of the highest kind, is the right use and application of what may be most correctly termed the supernatural; by which I mean those scenes, and objects, and actions, which are entirely out of, and utterly beyond the ordinary and common sphere.
Art Theory - Originative Auxiliaries
As in the invention of the arts, so in imaginative composition and in artistical invention, accident will not only occasionally aid us, but will sometimes even effect what contrivance has failed to achieve. An invention of this kind by an accident, may, moreover, to a certain extent, be regarded as the product of nature.
Art Theory - Cultivation Of The Originative Powers
The exercise both of imagination and invention, which has been shown to consist merely in different operations of the same intellectual faculty of origination, is regulated by principles as sure as determined and as direct as is that of taste, and even of reason. Moreover, the reason and other faculties as much aid here as they do in the exercise of taste.
Illustration Of The Foregoing Principles In Each Of The Arts
We must now, however, refer to some of the most distinguished and striking examples afforded by certain justly renowned performances in each of the arts, of the combined operation of the foregoing principles for the production and regulation of efforts in imagination and invention generally.
The Successful Man, Who Is He?
A large army lay encamped before the gates of Carthage. Its commander was Hamilcar, the hero of the six years' war in Sicily. Left without support by the loss of Hanno's fleet at Aegusa, and humiliated by the exacting peace of Lilybeum, he had gone home to Carthage, burning with hate towards Rome and biding his time for a future settlement with his hated foes.
The Successful Man
In every community there is always some one whom his neighbors call a successful man. He commands the esteem of the whole circle of his acquaintance. He is alert and active in business; he is absorbed in the duties of a busy life; but he has time to be friendly with all and to endear himself to all with whom he comes in contact.
Turning The Favorable Advantage
Every man has at least one opportunity to succeed. Whatever his vocation in life, there comes a time when fortune smiles and every circumstance is set toward prosperity. In the field of great endeavor, he may be high up among the few who toil on mountain tops, or in an humble station he may be low down among the many that throng the valleys below.
Realization Of One's Hopes And Aims
One of the most interesting powers of the mind is the imagination, which philosophers call the creative faculty of the intellect. By its aid the painter clothes lifeless canvas with entrancing form and bewitching beauty. By its aid the sculptor breathes into senseless marble the animate breath of life, and the musician ravishes the ear with strains of delightful music.
Counting The Chances Of Success
There are few, indeed, who really stop to count the chances of success. Men look about them in life and see a few, here and there, who have achieved great eminence.
Price Of Success
Another requirement for the highest excellence is to form a just appreciation of the difficulty with which success is won. It is a great thing to achieve a truly successful life ; but it is a difficult thing. There is no royal road. None but the greatest geniuses go with a bound to the top.
Not Measured By An Absolute Standard
True success is relative and cannot be measured by an absolute standard. There is no canon of judgment that can be applied to all men as the measure of their greatness. The vocations of men are many. Natural abilities are as diverse as the men who possess them or the vocations which they pursue.
Success And Happiness
A gray-haired man once visited the school where the writer was a pupil in one of the lowest grades. In the course of a talk which he gave to the children he told them that childhood was the only happy part of life. He said that adult life was so filled with care and labor that there was no room for happiness.
The Need Of Physical Health
When men build a splendid temple, they dig deep and lay a wide foundation. This is, indeed, subordinate to the superstructure, but still a most important part of the edifice. It does not show, nor is it seen, deep down in the dampness and darkness of the bed-rock.
Success And Ill-health
Robust health and riches are the two things for which most men long as the chiefest of earthly blessings. And this is right, for, to one who knows how to use them, the possession of large wealth and great physical endurance becomes the means of achieving a large degree of success.
The Apostle Of Gall And Bitterness
On the 5th of February, 1881, there died at Chelsea, London, one of the foremost of English men of letters. On the day following his death a New York editor published these words : The volcano has had its last eruption. After sixty industrious years it is motionless and silent.
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