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The Evidence Of The New Testament
MR. QUICK once called the Book of Proverbs an early treatise on education; and, unusual though the view may be, there is much in that wonderful collection of wise sayings to recommend the remark as just and justifiable. The same character cannot be claimed for the contents of the New Testament ; or, at any rate, it cannot be claimed with anything approaching to the same degree of truth.
Educational Activity In The Early Centuries
IT is curious and interesting to trace a line from Athens round the Aegean Sea, on round the eastern and south-eastern shores of the Mediterranean Sea, and then to reflect upon the immensity of effort, of human intellectual activity at work there in the centuries immediately preceding the birth of Christ.
Schools Under The Roman Empire
SINCE Christianity developed within the limits of the Roman Empire, no inquiry into primitive Christian education can dispense with all knowledge of Roman schools and education. In the days pre-ceding the Empire, the Romans had, it appears, devised a system of education of which the means or instruments were not, in the main, literary.
The Catechetical System Of The Primitive Christians
IT was suggested at the close of the first chapter that the germ of the catechetical schools established and worked by the primitive Christians may be detected in the great Apostles' custom of gathering round them, for instruction and discipline, disciples and aspirants to the priesthood.
St. Clement Of Alexandria
In common fairness, however, St. Clement's view of learning in the Paedagogue should be compared with that which is given in his Address to the Greeks (or Exhortation to the Heathen).
St. Cyril Of Jerusalem
It is perhaps worth while to insist once more upon the fact that the Fathers of the Church were called upon to deal primarily with the circumstances of their own age ; not with those of days gone by, nor with those of days to come. That is one side of the truth. But if circumstances change quickly and greatly, human nature alters slowly and little.
The Christians Attitude To Roman Learning And Education
AFTER the establishment of public schools in the Roman Empire their multiplication and their success was almost marvellous. As Dr. Bigg and M. Boissier have pointed out, education followed the triumphant Roman general with an almost miraculous certainty.
St. Jerome
OF the early Fathers, the most learned were probably St. Clement of Alexandria, St. Origen, and St. Jerome. The erudition of the first of these is not exhibited in the Paedagogue so often or so clearly as it is in the Exhortation to the Heathen, and in the Stromata or Tapestry Work.
Introductory: Spanish Travel
HISTORY and tradition have conspired to hinder Spanish travel. The ordinary assumption seems to be that the Spaniard is a sort of bewhiskered pirate, partial to bloodshed, haughty in demeanor, intolerant of innovation, anxious only for doubloons and pieces of eight.
GENTLEMAN! Gentleman ! You live in New York? You live, maybe, in Chicago ? Thus to me a handsome, swarthy, white-toothed Moor, standing in the majesty of turban, blue robe, and bare feet thrust into roomy, heelless slippers, on the deck of what the posters had announced to be the stanch and favorite steamship Gibel Dersa, bound for Tangier.
It was a beauteous evening, calm and free, when we finally shook the dust of Gibraltar's narrow streets from our feet and boarded the ferry for our crossing to Algeciras, where our real Spanish experiences were to begin. The ferry, a fat, side-wheeled steamer belonging to a line that makes regular trips all day between Gibraltar and the Spanish shore, was crowded, but not uncomfortably so.
WE left Ronda in the morning with comparatively little regret at the parting. One might, to be sure, linger there for days without seeing anything new, and still enjoy it because of the incomparable situation of the town and the general picturesqueness of its older portions. But there lay ahead of us Granada, to which we looked forward with anticipations that easily swallowed up the reluctance.
The Alhambra
TO sit down with the deliberate intention of attempting a description of the Alhambra is discouraging. No better evidence of the indescribable character of the palace should be needed than the fact that it never yet has been adequately described, although much has been written about it.
IT is a long day's ride from Granada to Seville. Nine hours are consumed by the train in making the run, which in pure linear distance is something like two hundred miles. Fortunately there are through coaches to be found, if one is wise enough to look for them, and these avert the necessity of changing at Bobadilla and La Roda, not to mention Utrera later in the afternoon.
IF one will but take the trouble to scan the yellowed pages of some of the older city directories published in New England forty or fifty years ago, it will be discovered that the shoemakers and leather-workers of that day were almost invariably referred to as cordwainers.
In Old Madrid
It is commonly averred that Madrid really owes her official primacy among Spanish cities to the great toe of Charles V. The keen climate of its lofty plateau suited well the ailments of that doughty and gouty monarch.
THE ancient and honorable city of Toledo lies to the southward of Madrid, somewhat to one side of the main highway of travel, on the very verges of Castile. It is near enough to be made the object of a day's excursion from Madrid as a base, and many find this amply sufficient to satisfy them.
The Escorial
Despite the fact that many had come away from the Escorial expressing their disappointment in it, architecturally and otherwise, we found ourselves drawn irresistibly thither by the magic of its morbid spell.
IN the innocence of our hearts, for we were even yet far from inured to Spain and equally far from comprehending the devious customs of Spanish railways, we went down on a sunshiny Saturday morning to take the rapide for Segovia.
THE road to Avila lies over the mountains and through forests of pine. Beyond the Escorial the railway climbs steadily, and for long distances without passing any station. Finally it reaches the top of the divide and plunges, or rather glides by long and sweeping curves, to the plain, a bare, deserted country not unlike that which surrounds Madrid.
GOOD fortune attended us at Medina del Campo and we found there a mixed train which was about to depart for Salamanca. Its presence in the spacious railway station seemed to us a matter of course, the time-table having mentioned it without apparent comment ; besides, who ever heard of such a thing as a mixed train that ran only twice a week.
Burgos And The Cid
TWO midnight hours at Medina del Campo may be relied upon to afford a somewhat weird experience. There is a sense of depression bred by the silent and gloomy caverns of the vast station, which even the porcelain stove of the fonda will not entirely relieve.
THE journey from Burgos to Saragossa by way of Miranda de Ebro requires an all-day ride in the train ; but for at least half of the distance it is easily one of the finest railway journeys for sheer grandeur of scenery to be found in the whole kingdom.
Tarragona And Poblet
WE found the station of Tarragona almost on the water's edge, with the town above it on a height overlooking the sea. It was well along in the afternoon, but the sky at last was clear and the mellow light on the sea and distant ships was wonderfully fine.
A Glimpse Of Barcelona
FROM Tarragona to Barcelona is, comparatively speaking, only a step. But owing to the fact that the really good trains at convenient hours run only now and then during the week, we found ourselves condemned as usual to make the journey in a humble mixed train, which required nearly four hours for the run.
By as much as Barcelona seemed a big, bustling, heartless city, by so much we fell short of learning to love it, and speedily betook ourselves away from it to the highlands of the open country on an excursion to which we had long been looking forward. This was the journey out to the isolated monastery of Monserrat, which proved, as we had expected, the culminating point of all our Spanish travels.
The Expression Of Human Life In Art
WHEN we consider what has been accomplished in the field of art our first impression is of so overwhelming a wealth and variety that it seems impossible to gather it all in a single statement. How shall we define art so as to include works as remote from each other as the Ramayana and the songs of Burns, the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and the music of Chopin.
The Interpretation Of Human Life In Art
ART is always, as we have seen, an expression of some aspect of life; but this expression is inevitably at the same time interpretation. Art never merely echoes nature ; it gives nature as the artist sees it, thus putting it through the transmuting spectrum of the artist's personality.
Primitive Sources Of Art
THAT all the arts spring from a common historic basis has already been indicated. The law of evolution from the homogeneous to the differentiated and specialized, that Spencer traced throughout the biological world, is evident in the history of art.
Defining Forces Behind Art: The Artist
It has been shown that the first cause of the unique appeal of each work of art is that the common basis of human experience finds expression only through the medium of the artist's personality; thus inevitably his character and experience must in some measure stamp themselves upon all that he produces.
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