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A Chapter Wholly Away From Mount Vernon
THERE is only one account of that significant day in the life of Washington and the future mistress of Mount Vernon. It is handed down by the grandson of the charming widow. Martha Custis was one of the most admired young matrons in lower tidewater. She was Washington's junior by a few months. Her girlhood home was in New Kent at the head of the York River.
Settling In Mount Vernon
WITH the arrival of the master and the new mistress life at Mount Vernon took on a new aspect. During the previous seven years the mansion had been occupied only occasionally, there seems to have been no ordered life on the place, and none of the development under which it soon blossomed into one of the first estates of the colony.
Mount Vernon - Washington As A Planter
WASHINGTON'S ambitions when he settled in retirement at Mount Vernon with his agreeable Consort did not extend beyond a desire to pursue the arts of agriculture, increase his fortune, cultivate the social virtues, fulfill his duties as a citizen, and sustain in its elevated dignity the character of a country gentleman.
Mount Vernon - Social Life
Before the Revolution Mount Vernon bore its share of the open-handed hospitality which distinguished Virginia colonial life. The brief call of visitors whose home base is near by was practically unknown. Distances were great, travellers came with their own coach and horses and servants, and an arrival meant additional places at the master's table and in the servants' hall, additional beds, and stand stabling and feed for from six to twelve horses.
Mount Vernon - Washington In Colonial Public Life
Before the Revolution Mount Vernon was represented in the civic life of the neighborhood and colony by Washington's long tenure as a vestryman of Truro Parish and as a member of the House of Burgesses at Williamsburg. The Revolution divorced the Church and State, but until that time the Episcopal Church was a civic establishment in the colony as well as in England.
Mount Vernon - Last Years Before The Revolution
The last two years before the Revolution brought many changes to Mount Vernon. They affected the house itself, the family circle, and the neighborhood, and the issues of which, in discussion and in correspondence, it was the storm centre were the most significant in character and effect in the history of our country.
Mount Vernon During The Revolution
MOUNT VERNON was indeed desolate to Martha Washington as she read the message of dreaded triumph which placed the destinies of the country in her husband's hands. The sacrifice was hers. In less than two years she had seen her family completely disintegrate: her daughter lost by death; her son by marriage; her husband by the call to the military service of his country.
Washington's Delight To Be At Mount Vernon Again
THE General and Mrs. Washington reached home Christmas Eve. His people from the various farms gathered at the gate and along the drive to give them welcome. Among them was Bishop, easily forgiven for any envy he felt of young Billy Lee. They lighted the night with bonfires and made it noisy with fiddling and dancing in the quarters. At the great door of the mansion the homecomers were greeted by a troop of relatives, and next day the neighbors drove in from all directions to add their welcome.
Mount Vernon - Burdens Of Greatness
RELIEF that it was to have sheathed his sword and retired to the quiet of his home, Washington was no longer wholly free there and in the enjoyment of the privacy he desired. He now belonged to the country, for although there was no actual national entity, the pride and national aspirations of all the independent states in the confederation focussed on their recent military leader. Mount Vernon as the residence of such a figure typified the capital of the embryonic nation.
Mount Vernon The Cradle Of Constitutional Agitation
IT HAS been said that Washington left Mount Vernon a distinguished Virginian and returned after the war one of the most famous men in the world. More significant is Henry Cabot Lodge's other remark that Washington passed at a single step from being a Virginian to being an American.
Mount Vernon During The Presidency
THE six years' respite from official life at Mount Vernon after the war Washington called his furlough. During the next eight years his home saw him only by glimpses. He found opportunities during his two terms as President to journey fifteen times to Mount Vernon, an average of about twice a year. These visits were always made between the first of April and the first of November.
Mount Vernon - Planter Once More
WASHINGTON left the pageantry of public life outside the gates of Mount Vernon. As he turned in and they closed behind him, it was with a profound relief and a tranquil delight that he beheld, across the rolling green lands, centred through the opening in the wall of woods, his tabernacle of peace. Just one-half of all the years of his ownership of Mount Vernon were given to the public service.
Mount Vernon - The Year 1799
THE year of 1799 was one of singular range and variety at Mount Vernon. It found the estate in its highest stage of development. The mansion was in perfect condition and was adorned with the taste and the trophies of Washington's matured career. From without the admiration and applause of the world centred here on its illustrious master.
Mount Vernon - Death Chamber Sealed
AFTER the General's death Mrs. Washington, following a custom then prevalent, closed his bed-chamber and moved into another. She chose the room at the south end of the third floor, directly over the one she had occupied with the General, because from its solitary dormer window she could see her husband's tomb. She continued to occupy this room as long as she lived.
Mount Vernon - Career Of Bushrod Washington
BUSHROD WASHINGTON, third Washington to own and to live in Mount Vernon Mansion, was the second child of John Augustine Washington, who was a second younger brother of the General. He was born in Westmoreland County, Virginia, June 5, 1762.
Mount Vernon Lands Diminish
THE maintenance of Mount Vernon on the scale established by General Washington was only possible for a man of his other resources. When he died he owned, besides the eight thousand acres on or near Dogue Creek and Little Hunting Creek, other land and chattels which he estimated to be worth five hundred and thirty thousand dollars.
Mount Vernon - Remaking The Home Of George Washington
THERE have been two grand divisions in the life of Mount Vernon since the passing of the man who made it and made it famous. For sixty years it declined and decayed. Cedar and scrub pine possessed the neglected fields. The unregenerate honeysuckle caressed and then strangled everything its tentacles touched. Drives and paths lost their gravelled surface under matted wire grass. The unprotected palings of the garden fences rotted to the core.
Perugino - Birth, Masters, And Environment
IT is not quite certain when Pietro Vannucci (called from the name of his adopted town Perugino) was born, but the place of his birth he himself announces in his signature. Probably his birth took place in 1446 or 1447 at the little town of Castello della Pieve, now called Cittą della Pieve, as it was raised to the dignity of a city in 1601 by Clement VIII.
Perugino - Early Days
THERE are three pictures, one of which is especially named by Crowe and Cavalcaselle, which seem to belong to the early days of Perugino. Not that they should be ascribed to the Cerqueto period, or to the Sistine Chapel time, but it is probable that they were painted between 1480, when the master was in Rome, and 1491, when he produced on his second journey to the Eternal City the magnificent altar-piece now in the Villa Albani.
Perugino - Technique : Pigments : Vehicles
WE now come to the year 1494 ; but before dealing seriatim with the pictures painted at that time it will be well to refer briefly to a question of technique. Crowe and Cavalcaselle make a definite statement to which I can -give no adherence. They speak of Pietro's work changing from tempera to oil work, and they allude to his inability at this time to use the new medium in all its complexity.
Perugino - The Story Of The Pillage
THERE are two noteworthy circumstances that affect the biographer of Perugino. On the one hand is the fact that so many of his pictures are dated, and hence along the story of his life stand out clearly defined certain pieces of definite evidence, marking his progress and his years.
Perugino - In Full Strength
IN the early spring of the year 1496 Perugino was in Venice, but in the autumn back in Florence and in Perugia, although possibly the winter saw him in Bologna. In 1497 he was in Florence, in Perugia, and in Fano. In 1498 he was in Florence, and then again at Fano. The proof that Perugino was in Florence in 1496 consists in the document quoted by Morelli recording the purchase of certain land in Florence with a view to a permanent residence in the city.
Perugino - The Cambio
IT has already been shown that the statement of Crowe and Cavalcaselle that Pietro resided entirely in Florence at this time is incorrect, but it is quite open to believe that he had desired to do so. He invested some of his earnings in the purchase of land in the Borgo Pinti in 1498.
Florence, Perugia, And Cittą Della Pieve
THE date 1500 is attached to the great Vallombrosan altar-piece, and it must, therefore, have been executed immediately after the completion of the Cambio. Whether it was painted in Vallombrosa itself or not cannot be stated with accuracy ; but the general impression given by the documents relating to the picture is that it was executed within the precincts of the religious house.
Perugino - Age, Infirmity, Dignity, And Death
I ARRIVED in Perugia, Pietro's first work, as we are told by Mariotti and Orsini, was to collect certain sums of money due to him for pictures he had painted. From the town authorities for the Cambio he drew 350 ducats. From Cittą della Pieve he claimed twenty-five florins, but accepted, on March 29th, 1507, a house from the municipality in settlement of his claim.
Perugino - Saint Sebastian
THERE is a tradition in Umbria that upon two occasions Perugino painted miniatures on vellum, and that these works formed pages in two missals or Books of Hours. Several times the story was repeated to me, in Florence, in Perugia, and in other places, and it appears that at one time manuscript evidence of the fact existed in Rome, and may still exist.
ASCLEPIUS, the son of Apollo, being a mighty physician, raised men from the dead. But Zeus was wroth that a man should have such power, and so make of no effect the ordinance of the gods. Wherefore he smote Asclepius with a thunderbolt and slew him. And when Apollo knew this, he slew the Cyclops that had made the thunderbolts for his father Zeus.
IT BEFELL in times past that the gods, being angry with the inhabitants of Thebes, sent into their land a very noisome beast which men called the Sphinx. Now this beast had the face and breast of a fair woman, but the feet and claws of a lion; and it was wont to ask a riddle of such as encountered it; and such as answered not aright it would tear and devour.
KING AGAMEMNON sat in his tent at Aulis, where the army of the Greeks was gathered together, being about to sail against the great city of Troy. It was now past midnight. But the King slept not, for he was careful and troubled about many things. And he had a lamp before him, and in his hand a tablet of pine wood, whereon he wrote.
IN THE city of Rome when its imperial strength had faded, to seek pleasure and to give one's self to display had taken the place of honest work and sober duty. The time of which we speak was the fourth century. Affairs of government had been moved to Constantinople, and the effects of the conduct of great matters in their midst was thus denied the Romans.
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