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Diet By Menu
This diet is for the meek and faithful who want to be told just what to eat three times a day, and who will do what they are told. But they must not be so meek that they cannot compel the cook to give them exactly what they ask for. Nor must they be so meek as to yield to the blandishments of the waiter or the importunity of the host who wants you to break over just this once.This diet is exact and it must be exactly followed.
Fractional Eating
Do not attempt this diet unless you have strength of character and the will to get thin. Pride and self-denial are likewise essential. You have to curb your appetite, and get up from the table while still hungry. This method requires no mathematics to speak of, no self-denial as regards choice of food but simply the practice of that greatest of virtues temperance.
Mono-food Reducing
ALTHOUGH this method may appear to be a reductio ad absurdum it has something to commend it if not continued too long. The method consists in eating only one article of food at a meal, changing the food from meal to meal or continuing the same food day after day.
Radical Reduction by Elimination, Starvation and Rest
This method combines three measures, starvation, elimination and rest. It is indicated in the obese who suffer from severe auto-intoxication. As stated previously, most fat people suffer from various degrees of self-poisoning. Their altered glandular function and lowered bodily resistance predisposes to infections of the large bowel and gall bladder.
What Is Education ?
THERE have been many attempts to define education, ranging from a sentence to a book. The attempt to define it in a sentence or paragraph is rather a turning of phrases than a helpful analysis, while the book is likely to bury its meaning in verbiage. It may, of course, be said that the education of a child consists in training him to make the best of all his inherent possibilities.
The Importance Of Education
THE people of the United States have been, perhaps on account of their democratic form of government, insistent on educational opportunities for all their children. Little by little that opportunity has widened and grown until free education through the high school is available almost everywhere, and college is within the reach of a constantly increasing number.
Changing Demands On The School
DURING the last few generations the demands of the community on the school have multiplied almost beyond recognition. In earlier times many of the almost unrecognized needs of childhood were met automatically, though more or less crudely, by the conditions under which people lived. On the farms, in the towns, even in cities of fair size, the family had a large measure of self-dependence.
The School As A Health Factor
THERE has begun to be an awakening concerning the physical needs of our people. The story of the draft examinations, with about half of the young men showing defects and over thirty per cent refused because the defects were serious enough to lessen their value as soldiers, has had a wide influence.
It Wasn't Done That Way When I Was A Child
ANY teacher whose methods are even approximately modern is likely to have heard this cry many times. Strangely enough, it is not, as one might suppose, an appreciation of progress. It is rather the last word in utter condemnation. If the teacher replies that every activity of life is changing, that automobiles, airplanes, and thousands of other - I had almost said - necessities are of recent development, it often only serves to bring out the list of iniquities of which the school is guilty.
Interest And School Work
THERE is a widespread misunderstanding of the purpose of arousing interest in school work, or of using those interests already present in the child. That purpose is not to make work easy, but to secure the driving force that accomplishes even the most difficult undertakings. If we examine our own acts, we find that there is a motive of some kind for each thing we do.
Studying The Individual
PROBABLY the most important of the recent developments in education is the advance in scientific methods of studying individual children. Education is perhaps the last important industry, if I may call it that, to develop methods of analyzing its material. Business and the various professions have long had methods of examination and diagnosis.
Marks And Marking
Two important changes are coming about in regard to marking. One concerns the amount of marking, the other the method. It has been no uncommon sight to see a teacher so busy asking questions of the pupils and marking each answer in her class-book, that she had no time either to teach or to be of other service to the children.
Appreciation And Expression
MAN 'S life would be beggared if appreciation were taken out of it. Each of us enjoys, often without realizing it, beauty in many manifestations. Nature is full of it, with its hills and streams, the blue of the ocean, the sky in its many phases. Music, pictures, sculpture, literature, the drama, are among man's contributions.
Character Formation
MANY people still have a feeling that character can be formed only by disagreeable experiences and that, on the other hand, work that is done with interest and pleasure, and discipline that is cooperative rather than simply authoritative, are softening to character instead of creative of strength. There seems to be a confusion here between the thing that is difficult and the thing that is disagreeable.
Public School Possibilities
THE question is often raised whether such advances as freer handling of classes, the study of individuals and the adaptation of school methods to their needs, cooperative government, more complete responsibility for the child and his development, are possible and practicable in the public schools. If not, their discussion, while vital to the many thousands of children in privately controlled schools, remains academic in respect to the millions who must be educated in the public schools.
College Preparation
AN important consideration in discussing any changes in education is their effect on college preparation and college entrance. College requirements at one time absolutely dominated the content of courses and the methods of the secondary schools. They still dominate the preparatory schools, and influence tremendously, if they do not dominate, a large proportion of the public high-schools.
A Few Dangers
A DISCUSSION of educational tendencies can hardly be left without mention of a few dangers that must be avoided. To many, a free, interesting school seems to be so near the millennium that it needs neither organization nor system. I can no more imagine an efficient school without plan than I can a human body without a skeleton.
Thoughts For Parents
IN a very few years you and I and all the others who today carry on the life of the world, those who are bearing the burden of civilization with its tremendous projects, its infinite ramifications, its almost godlike control of nature's forces, will be gone, wiped out by that never-ending pestilence - old age. The children of today will take our places.
William Dean Howells
MR. HOWELLS has reached that point of life and success where he can afford to sit down and look back. But he is not that sort of man. He will probably continue to work and to look forward until, in the words of Hamlet, he shuffles off this mortal coil. William Dean Howells was born in Martin's Ferry, Belmont County, Ohio, March 1, 1837.
Bret Harte
BRET HARTE has been called the writer of the best short stories in the English language. A literary court of arbitration would doubtless find that the best of his short stories are without superiors. It should not be forgotten that the reading public is still under the magic spell which Mr. Harte wove more than a third of a century ago with The Luck of Roaring Camp.
Mark Twain
MARK TWAIN'S real name is Samuel Langhorne Clemens. There is a story to the effect that one of his ancestors, by name Gregory Clement, an adherent of Cromwell, added his voice to the condemnation of Charles I and was beheaded for it by Charles II. However, it is neither as Clement nor as Clemens that the most celebrated of contemporaneous American authors is, or has been, popularly known, but by the pen-name of Mark Twain.
Lew Wallace
GEN. LEW WALLACE is the author of the most popular story ever written by an American. Ben Hur has been translated into every language which can boast of a literature. In the summer of 1900 it was estimated that nine hundred thousand copies of the book had been sold. It is safe to say that by this time the million mark has been reached.
George W. Cable
DURING his visit to this country a few years ago Mr. J. M. Barrie said to the students at Smith College that no American novelist merits a higher rank than Mr. George W. Cable. True as, in the abstract, this foreign estimate of Mr. Cable's worth is, it would awaken a rather feeble echo among the devourers of our colonial literature.
Henry James
HENRY JAMES has been at pains, lately, to put a stop to a report that he proposes to return to America, yet by descent and at heart he is undoubtedly as loyal an American as his neighbor in England, Bret Harte. Even a cosmopolite may be patriotic. Mr. James has been called the first American cosmopolitan author.
Francis Richard Stockton
AT a dinner given in honour of Mr. Frank R. Stockton by the Author's Club of New York, early in the year 1901, Mr. Richard Watson Gilder, the Editor of The Century, is reported to have told the following story: A young man once came to me and said that he would like to contribute to The Century every month. I asked him what he wanted to write.
Joel Chandler Harris
IN an article published by The Bookman not very long ago Mr. James Lane Allen remarked that Uncle Remus was one of the two names in American fiction which have attained anything like universality of acceptance, the other name being, of course, Uncle Tom. And yet fame was thrust upon Mr. Joel Chandler Harris.
S. Weir Mitchell
ABOUT sixty years ago Oliver Wendell Holmes, taking dinner one night in Philadelphia with his friend, Dr. John K. Mitchell, was so pleased with one of Dr. Mitchell's boys, by name Silas Weir, then a little more than ten years old, that he gave the boy a copy of his famous ballad on the frigate Constitution. Some seventeen years later, in 1856, when Silas was a young doctor, with a brand-new degree, he showed Dr. Holmes a book of poems which he hoped to have published.
Robert Grant
ROBERT GRANT leads the American satirists. Many writers, unnamed paragraphers and critics of high degree, have pursued him relentlessly ; but he will not surrender. Contrariwise, it is more likely that they will yet surrender to him. He has Napoleon's way of turning upon pursuers.The satirist is not always clearly underderstood.
F. Marion Crawford
SINCE 1893, when he made his first tour through the country as a lecturer, F. Marion Crawford has become a somewhat familiar figure to many Americans, who have noted his athletic form, his handsome face, his melodious voice, his polished deportment. He is easily the best known of the American authors who make their homes abroad.
James Lane Allen
A FEW novelists know the world which renews its youth every spring and that dies every autumn, as intimately as Thoreau knew it. One of these novelists is Thomas Hardy, whose description of Egdon Heath in The Return of the Native has long been in use as a model in the English Department at Harvard.
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