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Natural Posture
A graceful, natural and comfortable posture and an easy carriage may be acquired by following a few simple but basic rules. Old habits may be entirely overcome by the persistent application of correct methods.These rules should be observed at all times, in every form of work, exercise, sport, relaxation, or leisure.
Incorrect Posture
The restricted circulation of the blood and nerve currents is one of the most serious faults of this posture. The body is absolutely out of true alignment; kinesthetic control is faulty and the individual is neither poised nor balanced. Under such conditions the brain and mind cannot function with any degree of accuracy.
A graceful, easy carriage, especially while walking, is greatly to be admired it is an art. The American Indian has mastered this art to perfection. He walks, runs, glides, or creeps with equal ease, maintaining perfect poise. He also moves noiselessly. Swift or slow it makes no difference which his method is the same.
Mental Attitude
The thoughts governing the above actions should be carefully controlled. Concentrate upon what you are doing until your muscles are trained to act as you will. After a while their action becomes automatic and your thoughts can be given to higher things.
How Indians Use Their Muscles
Unless you are fortunate enough to live where you can take these exercises upon the ground and thus contact the magnetic earth currents as the Indian does, the next best thing is to take them upon the floor. Many of the following exercises are excellent also to take in bed, upon waking in the morning or for invalids and convalescents.
How Indians Sit
The same basic principles for posture are employed for sitting as for standing. The Indian, when living a natural outdoor existence, makes use of several sitting postures which the white man has little opportunity to employ in civilized life, but which are excellent practice for development and poise and are of great value when vacationing in the big out-of-doors.
Sitting Posture
To assume the correct sitting posture may seem a bit difficult at first, especially if old habits of sitting have twisted the body out of true alignment. When the correct posture is habitually employed one may work with much greater efficiency of body and with a minimum of fatigue, both physically and mentally.
Sitting Exercises
There are many valuable exercises which may be taken to advantage in a sitting posture, some of which employ different sets of muscles than when practiced standing. Use a chair without a back, or a bench. A stool will answer if it has a broad, deep seat.
More Exercises
We will now apply the Indian system to a very common exercise, and one that is very tiring unless done correctly. Taken as an exercise, it is a splendid one and aids greatly in gaining control of the leg muscles.
How Indians Acquire Poise
In their present world-wide interest in Indians and Indian ways, the youth of today instinctively reach back toward a simpler, more balanced rhythm of life. Already tiring of their own jazzed inharmonies and the brainless rush and noise of modern civilization these clever, air-minded people are trekking for the quiet places and the Big Outdoors.
The Indian System Applied To Work
Everyone, while at his vocation or at play, can develop his body at the same time. A little thought and effort will form new habits, working both automatically. With habits once formed it would seem tiresome and awkward to do any other way. There is a right way and a wrong way to do everything.
The Origins Of The English Language
AMONG the many living forms of human speech, and those countless others which have arisen and perished in the past, the English language, which has now spread over so large a portion of the world, is as humble and obscure in its origin as any other. It is, of course, in no sense native to England, but was brought thither by the German tribes who conquered the island in the Vth and Vlth Centuries.
English Language - Foreign Elements
The Norman Conquest had but an indirect influence on the development of English grammar, on the other part of the language, the vocabulary, its effect was so great as almost to transform the character of our speech. Old English contained but a small proportion of borrowed words.
Modern English
THE flooding of the English vocabulary with French words began, as we have seen, in the XIIIth Century, and reached very large proportions in the century that followed. At the same time Anglo-French, which had maintained itself for two hundred years or more as the language of the governing classes, gradually fell into disuse, and in 1362 English was adopted in the law courts.
Word-making In English
It is not merely by borrowing from abroad, or by discriminations between already existing words, that our vocabulary is increased. New words can easily be created in English, and are being created almost every day; and a large part of our speech is made up of terms we have formed for ourselves out of old and familiar material.
Makers Of English Words
EVERY time a new word is added to the language, either by borrowing, composition, or derivation, it is due, of course, to the action, conscious or unconscious, of some one person. Words do not grow out of the soil, or fall on us from heaven; they are made by individuals; and it would be extremely interesting if we could always find out who it was who made them.
Language And History - The Earliest Period
WE have hitherto treated the subject of the English language more in its formal aspect, without much regard to the thought of which it is the expression, and which fashions it for its instrument. The last, however, is the most interesting, and certainly the most important, aspect of the subject.
Language And History - The Dark And The Middle Ages
WE have, in the previous chapter, traced the evidence, embedded in the English language, of the culture of our ancestors, and their progress in civilization up to the time when they left the Continent to settle in their English homes.
Language And History - The Modern Period
By the end of the XIVth Century the English language had absorbed into itself the greater part of the vocabulary of medieval learning, and had been formed into a standard and literary form of speech for the whole nation. But from the point of view of vocabulary, the XVth Century marks a pause.
Language And Thought
This curious sense of the dates of words, or rather of the ideas that they express, comes to us from our knowledge, grown half-instinctive, of the ways of thought dominant in different epochs, the mental atmosphere as we call it, which made certain thoughts current and possible, and others impossible at this time or that. This study of the social consciousness of past ages is perhaps the most important part of history.
Elizabeth Stuart Phelps
STRANGER who came from some far western village and was making a first visit to Boston, is said to have thus addressed the bar-tender of an exclusive hotel : Excuse me, but I am a stranger in this part of the country, and I want to ask you a question. Everywhere I go I see posters up like this: The Gates Ajar! The Gates Ajar! I'm sick to death of the sight of the durn thing.
Frances Hodgson Burnett
BY the name of Frances Hodgson Burnett she is still known, although early in 1900, in Genoa, Italy, she became Mrs. Stephen Townsend. Generally, too, she is thought of as an American, while, as a matter of fact, she is English by birth. However, during the greater part of her life she has been an American in sympathy, as well as in residence.
Sarah Orne Jewett
ONCE upon a time some critic found a resemblance between Miss Jewett and one of the old Flemish painters found a resemblance between her stories and the groups of Jan van Eyck or Roger van der Weyden. He was a discerning critic, for her stories and the old masters' pictures are alike in many respects. They have a reality that is quite photographic, and yet they suggest a strong imagination.
Miss Burton Harrison
ANYONE who has visited Virginia, and is at all intimate with its country life, can easily understand how the mind of a highly imaginative child would there be stimulated to the creation of fairy stories, by reasons as natural and instinctive as those which foster that early love for dolls of wood, of paper, or of plaster. Such was the beginning of Mrs. Burton Harrison's literary career.
Charles Egbert Craddock
ON March 4, 1885, the Boston Evening Transcript printed the following paragraph : Last evening Dr. Holmes and Mr. Howells received a genuine surprise at the hands of the editor of the Atlantic. Mr. Aldrich invited these gentlemen to dine with him, to meet Charles Egbert Craddock, the author of 'In the Tennessee Mountains,' Where the Battle was Fought'.
Anna Katharine Green
IT is related that when The Leavenworth Case was published in 1878, the Pennsylvania Legislature turned from politics to discuss the identity of its author. There was the name on the title-page - Anna Katharine Green - as distinct as the city of Harrisburgh itself. But it must be a nom de plume, some protested. A man wrote the story - maybe a man already famous - and signed a woman's name to it.
Molly Elliot Seawell
WHEN Rudyard Kipling issued a story with strange characters before it, people wondered. They wondered still more when they discovered that in '.007', the reportorial hand of the master exhibited a knowledge of steam engines that was as technically correct as that of the man who designed them.
Amelia E. Barr
FOR the last sixteen years the name of Amelia E. Barr has been one of the foremost in the list of popular American writers. Strictly speaking, Mrs. Barr is as much English as American, for she was born in Ulverston, Lancashire, England, in 1831, and since the establishment of her fame her books have been almost as widely read in the old country as in this.
Mary E. Wilkins
IT is natural to suppose that any reader of current English literature would know Miss Wilkins, yet it is the much-admired author herself who tells this story of her introduction to a popular contemporary : It was before Mr. Crawford had publicly appeared as a reader, and just after he had read to a select coterie of Brooklyn people at the house of a well-known lady. A reception followed, and when I was introduced the hostess said, Mr. Crawford, I wish to introduce Miss Wilkins.
Octave Thanet
R.H. STODDARD once said that Octave Thanet was the best writer of short stories in America. In fact, he went further, we believe, and said that he enjoyed her work more than that of any other writer of the day. That was in 1888. Without discussing the value of the opinion, we may say that the fair Westerner is writing as vigorously and as picturesquely as ever.
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