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Mystery
Suggestion with its phantom guide-posts leads us through its varied mazes to the dwelling-place of mystery. Here the artist will do well to tarry and learn all the oracle may teach him.
Simplicity
Breadth while fostering suggestiveness gives birth to simplicity ; a subjective quality.
Reserve
Another bifurcation of simplicity is Reserve. In the simple statement of the returning Roman general : I came, I saw, I conquered, - all that the senate desired to know was stated and it gained force by virtue of what was left unsaid.
Relief
It is not necessary for the artist to lift his sitter off the canvas by a forced light on the figure and an intense shadow separating him from the wall behind.
Finish
Finish is not dependent upon putting in everything which nature contains, else would art not be a matter of selection. Finish, though interpreted singularly by different artists as to degree, is universally understood to mean the same thing.
The Critical Judgment Of Pictures
With the critic all depends on the right application of his principles in particular cases. And since there are fifty ingenuous critics to one of penetration, it would be a wonder if the applications were in every case with the caution indispensable to an exact adjustment of the scales of art.
Specific Qualities And Faults
IF we recognize the manly qualities in a picture, the work has at least a favorable introduction. Farther than this point it may not please us, but if not, it should remain a question of taste between the artist and yourself; and, concerning taste there is no disputing.
The Picture Sense
How so ever eloquent may be the artist in his work, it is convincing only in that degree to which his audience is prepared to understand his language and comprehend his subject.
Color, Harmony, Tone
IN viewing a picture exhibition the average man, woman and child would be attracted by different aspects of it ; the man by the tone of the pictures, the woman by their color, the child almost wholly by the form or subject.
Values
Another important consideration in an estimate of a picture is its truth of values. The color may be correct and harmonious but the degree of its light and shade be faulty. This is a consideration more important to the student than the connoisseur as but few pictures see the light of an exhibition which carry this fault.
Envelopment And Color Perspective
ALLIED to values is the idea of envelopment : of a kindred notion to this is aerial perspective. On these two depends the proper presentation of a figure in air.
The Bias Of Judgment
IF discernment was, ours to trace through the maze of fashion and experimental originality the living principle of true art, the caprice of taste would have little to do with the comfort of our convictions or the worth of our investments.
The Living Principle
IF there be a basis of reliance for continuous life and consequent value, a search for the living principle must be made in those works which the world will not let die. And this labor will be aided by the exclusion of such as have had their day and passed.
Roman And Latin League - Earliest Struggles
Several races claim precedence as sponsors for Rome: the Latins in almost every field; the Sabines in a number of religious institutions and primitive agricultural customs ; the Etruscans in ritual augury and cult, in the advanced manners and customs of civilization.
Roman And Latin League - Praeneste
Of these Latin cities built before Rome or at about the same time, only one, Praeneste, has preserved a semblance of its antique splendor. Of Alba Longa there is hardly a trace except for a few simple graves with early cabin urns, buried under a volcanic eruption which covered them with a stratum of peperino rock.
The Cities Of Hernican League
There are some ancient cities in the hills along the railroad line from Rome to Naples that have been most successful in keeping their attractions concealed. They have not decorated the pages of any author who believes himself to have discovered the hill towns of Italy, nor have they slipped into any fugitive sketch of Italian high-ways and byways.
Italy - Alatri
When I first went to Alatri it was while laboring under the excitement of discovering that early Gothic architecture had been introduced into Italy by the French Cistercian monks about fifty years earlier than any one had supposed.
Italy - Ferentino
At Ferentinum, the modern Ferentino, there is no such acropolis as at Alatri, but the city walls and gates are both better preserved, and also extremely curious in the way they show the juxtaposition of Roman work of the early Republican period above the original cyclopean masonry.
Italy - Anagni
Anagni makes, even now, a similar impression of intense religiousness. It was, during the Middle Ages, the birthplace and residence of several popes, and its episcopal palace and cathedral are reminiscent of the dastardly insult to Pope Boniface VIII by the envoys of King Philip le Bel, commemorated by Dante.
Italy - Segni
The modern town is ensconced in one corner of the ancient circuit of walls. These walls are among the most extraordinary and perfectly preserved in the whole cyclopean district. The ancient city was not as large as Anagnia, to which it corresponded as watch dog on the opposite side of the valley, or as Norba, which was its twin guardian on the other side of the mountain.
The Via Appia And The Cities Of The Pontine Plain
The Via Appia intersects the happy hunting grounds of the Latin people, as it takes its way in wavy straightness from Rome toward Alba and then after leaving the first spurs of the Volscian hills on its left shoots straight as a bullet across the Pontine plain to the southern boundary of Latium at Terracina.
Italy - Norba
Norba seemed then to me and still seems the most promising of the ruined cities of early times in Italy. I once hoped to excavate it and some day I may tell the story of why this could not be done. Spurred on by our survey, the Italian Department of Fine Arts, after denying to our School of Classical Studies the privilege of completing the survey by some modest excavations, proceeded itself to excavate.
Italy - Terracina
It remains to visit Terracina and Circeii, at the southern end of the plain. At Terracina the Via Appia was brought to a halt at the seaboard by a sharp rocky ledge projecting into the sea and forming the last offshoot of the Ausonian range.
Italy - Circeii
We took a small boat at Terracina for the excursion of about twelve miles across the bay to the promontory of Circeii, the southernmost military colony of early Latium. It is a huge rock rising like a bleak island from the sea to a height of over sixteen hundred feet (five hundred forty-one meters).
Rome And Etruria
On entering the Etruscan borders a veil of mystery as alluring and as baffling as the Sphinx seems to descend and make every step uncertain. In presence of the immense variety of material and of conjecture, it would be easy to pass beyond what is necessary to illustrate the central purpose of this book, which is to elucidate Rome and her relations to ancient Italy.
Rome And Etruria - The Temple
The temple of Jupiter Capitolinus can hardly be said to represent the normal Etruscan type: rather an elaboration of it in the direction of the Hellenic peristyle temple. The only large temple whose ruins have been found in Etruria is the larger one at Falerii, which has been identified with the famous temple of Juno.
Rome And Etruria - The House
From the tomb we also get our best idea of the Roman house. The Roman house as we know it is of the type inaugurated not long before Cicero's time. For its long and varied previous development we must look to Etruscan remains, not so much in the form of actual houses as in reproductions of them in tombs and on urns.
Rome And Etruria - Perugia
Until my last visit to Perugia I had accepted the usual view that attributes to Augustus most of the existing gateway and to a restoration under Gallus the decorative features of the remnants of Porta Marzia. But now I believe I have gathered conclusive evidence in support of the opinion that these magnificent gateways are not Roman at all but are remnants of the pre-Roman Etruscan city.
Rome And Etruria - Falerii
The capital city of the Faliscans was at Falerii, the present Civita Castellana, the nearest town of any size north of Rome, where not enough remains to warrant a visit, unless it is to see the masterpiece of Roman medieval artists, the neo-classic porch of its cathedral.
The Umbrians And The Flaminian Way
North of the Sabines and of Picenum, and east of the Etruscans, was Umbria, reaching up the Adriatic seaboard as far north as Ravenna and bisected, at the time we shall visit it, by the Via Flaminia. One has an instinctive sympathy for the Umbrians because from the time we begin to know them, they are always the under dog in the clash of races, the plaything of circumstances.
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