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Trajan's Forum and Column
It will repay us to give that Column of Trajan our undivided attention and even our closest study, for, when we look upon it, we have the satisfaction of knowing that in all the world there does not exist a column of its kind that rivals it.
The gallery of the Palace of Prince Colonna
Truly this is a grand hall, adorned as it is with mirrors and statuary, painted with brilliant frescoes and portraits by the great masters and paved with the finest marble. At night, when the crystal candelabra are all ablaze, mirrors, marbles and frescoes render the gallery a scene of dazzling splendor.
Chamber in the Cappuccini Catacombs
In this Church of the Cappuccini is a famous painting by Guido Reni, The Archangel Michael trampling upon the Devil. The Devil is said to be a portrait of Pope Innocent X, whom the painter disliked exceedingly. The private preacher and confessor to the Pope has always been a Capuchin monk.
Michelangelo's Moses
It is said that Michelangelo created a new world of art, a colossal planet in which his Moses was high priest. Certainly in his daring energy, he produced stupendous results, which those who followed him could never imitate without becoming ridiculous or grotesque.
Gate of St. Paul and Pyramid of Gaius Cestius
We are outside the ancient city now looking up to its southern wall. There is the Pyramid of Cestius on our left with the St. Paul Gate farther away to the right. The Gate of St. Paul, originally the Porta Ostiensis in the Aurelian Wall, was rebuilt by Belisarius.
The splendid altar of St. Paul's
The grand triumphal arch, resting on the two superb Ionic pillars, just beyond and above the altar - the left-hand one we can see plainly - belongs to the old basilica, erected in 386. We catch enough of the fine sweep of the arch to note the beautiful carving which covers it.
the ancient cloisters of St. Paul's
A monastery has always been connected with the church, but here, as in many of the fairest paradises of the tropics, miasma lurks with its deadly poison and, on this account, but few monks are attached to the place.
Gate of St. Sebastian
Turning away from this entrance, which admitted into Rome all the vast throng that came over the Appian Way through so many centuries, we shall take our stand next on this road about one mile from here.
Along the Appian Way
The street-cleaning brigade has evidently been doing good service here, as is shown by the heaps of dirt ranged along the side of the roadway. In 1871, the first year of Victor Emmanuel's reign, seventy-two thousand dollars were expended by the city in street cleaning.
Venerable tombs and young Italian life
The memories that throng upon an intelligent student of Roman history, in a spot like this, are almost inexhaustible. He calls to mind that, on both sides of this great highway, were reared magnificent palaces, and beside each palace was constructed a tomb, and because the hard, practical instinct of the Roman told him he should need it longer, the tomb was always built more massive and enduring than the palace.
Aqueduct of Claudius
This gigantic highway for conducting water into the city was built by the Emperor Claudius, the water coming from the neighborhood of Subiaco, over thirty miles distant. The arches were made lofty in order to carry the water to the Palatine Hill, for the water brought in this aqueduct was used in the palaces of the Emperor.
Naples and Vesuvius
Here it all is! There is the city far below us, beyond is the Bay, and looming up against the sky ten miles away is the ominous pile of Vesuvius.
The Lazzaroni
These people are called Lazzaroni, from Lazarus, the poor man, mentioned in the New Testament, or, as others think, from the Hospital of St. Lazarus. In the beginning they formed a semi-criminal class, and, indeed, many vicious criminals were found among them.
Macaroni drying in the dirty streets of Naples
Take one more look at those buildings with their balconied fronts ; the ground floor only is used for the manufacture of macaroni, while the floors above are rented to skilled artisans and clerks.
Beautiful Venus Callipygus
This exquisite piece of statuary was found on the site of Nero's Golden House near the Palatine Hill at Rome. It was sadly marred when first brought to light, and the right leg, left arm and hand, also the head, are restorations.
The Farnese Bull
This immortal work of art is worthy of all the praise that can be bestowed upon it, for the grandeur of its conception and the marvelous skill of its execution have never been excelled and probably have never been equaled. It is the work of the renowned Rhodian sculptors, Apollonius and Tauriscus, and was found in 1546 in the Baths of Caracalla at Rome in a sadly mutilated condition.
The Ruins of Herculaneum
Naples lies off toward our right here, while Vesuvius is directly behind us. At our feet we have a most remarkable sight, a city of the first century, and above it is built one of the twentieth century.
On the road to Vesuvius
In climbing Vesuvius it is best to set out in the morning, the earlier the better, unless one takes the railway as far as the foot of the crater. In making the ascent a carriage insures the greater comfort, but the view is better and one can climb higher on horseback.
At the base of Vesuvius
Did the sight we beheld at the summit of the volcano repay us for our arduous journey? It most certainly did. And what did we see? You may look for yourself.
The awful crater of Vesuvius
Is this tremendous abyss in which these clouds of vapor and ashes dash against the mountain sides in vast rolling billows, a view of the lower world, where, amid incessant flashes of lightning and the shooting of mysterious tongues of flame, horrible, demoniacal forms are seen passing to and fro in the lurid glare, as though they themselves were on fire.
Forum of Pompeii and Vesuvius
This Forum was the center of life and interest in the ancient days and is now the most imposing and spacious spot in the city. It was surrounded by a portico of fluted Doric columns of greyish white limestone, twelve feet high and two and one-fourth feet in diameter.
Model of the ruins of Pompeii
In this model we have spread out before us most of the town, as it now appears. We can see that it must have been a populous place, as indeed it was, since it had twenty thousand inhabitants or more, and of these less than two thousand perished.
Old wheel tracks-street of Stabia
Another striking feature in the street before us is the wide deep rut in the rough lava pavement made by the wagon wheels. What ceaseless grinding of heavy iron-tired wheels, through many long years, it must have required to have accomplished such a result.
Inner court of the house of Marcus Lucretius
We have here the remains of a once palatial dwelling, richly fitted up, its very ruins giving every indication of its former elegance. In the fairy-like garden, which originally was laid out with considerable artistic skill, you perceive a double fountain.
Beautiful home of the Vettii
This house was excavated in 1895 and is the best example of the houses of well-to-do people in this ancient city that have thus far been brought to light.
The great disaster on August 24, A.D. 79
We have seen the buried city, we have seen its dying inhabitants, but we have not seen any of the articles with which they furnished their houses and transacted their business. In order to do so we shall have to visit the Museum at Naples, for these things were all removed to that place when first discovered.
Stove and money chests found in Pompeii
This collection of bronzes is the finest of its kind in existence. In the center and resting on a long table are three money chests, two of which were found in the House of the Vettii.
Steelyards and scales found at Pompeii
These steelyards and scales are so like those used in modern times that they might, at least, have come out of our grandfathers' shops.
Surgical instruments found in Pompeii
Some years after in New York an eminent physician and myself were talking of these surgical instruments here in Pompeii, and he said, - We have more instruments and some are better, but nearly all those you saw in the entombed city are indispensable today.
Flower of all cities; city of all flowers
The noble eminence from which we are looking is one of the choicest spots in Florence, and so delighted Michelangelo that he used to call it La Bella Villanella. From it we look down upon the Arno, the river that makes Florence, as the Thames does London and the Tiber Rome.
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