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The famous statue of St. Peter
Well, this view of the statue is most satisfactory! Nothing appears to prevent us from touching it and our eyes seem fairly to look around it.
St. Peter's tomb below the high altar
This Confessio was constructed by Maderna acting under the command of Pope Paul V. It has the same pavement that once covered the floor of the more ancient tomb belonging to the earlier church, and those exquisite gilded bronze doors, beside which the attendant is standing and immediately back of which is the sarcophagus of St. Peter, are also a relic of the former structure.
Raphael's Transfiguration
Framed within a great arch of gorgeous marble, the whole constitutes an effect so radiantly beautiful that one might well imagine it to be a sunlit vision of another and better world.
Tomb of Clement XIII
In the upper part of the monument the kneeling figure of the Pope is the gem of the entire group, for a more gentle, reverent, and soulful posture it would be hard to conceive. There is almost a child-like simplicity about this prayerful old man, whose life continued for three-quarters of a century.
Pieta, by Michelangelo
This is one of Michelangelo's earliest works, and while it lacks the bold heroic stroke and balanced pro-portions that characterize his later achievements as a sculptor, it reveals, as in a prophecy, those unrivaled powers which have won the admiration of the world of art.
The Vatican palace
Bear in mind that the Vatican is more than simply the residence of the Pope, the supreme head of the Roman Catholic Church ; it is the administrative center of the whole Roman Catholic Church.
The Sistine Chapel in the Vatican
This was erected in 1473 under Sixtus IV, after whom it was named. The chapel is one hundred and thirty-three feet long and fifty wide, with six windows on each side over the frieze.
The grand corridor of the Vatican Library
By the help of our map we know we are now standing near the northern end of the long western wing of the Vatican and are looking south. If we should look out of the windows on our right, we would see the Vatican Gardens; from the windows on our left, the Garden of the Pigna.
The Library of the Vatican
In this library are two fine candelabra of Sevres, one of which was given to Pope Pius VII by Napoleon the Great ; near by is a vase of malachite and another of marble, presented by the Czar of Russia.
Gallery of Statues
This hall was once the summer-house of the popes, but Pius VI arranged it as a gallery for statuary, in recognition of the fact, that while the prominent and distinctive feature of the Vatican must ever be its religious character, yet, apart from this, it is an inexhaustible treasure-house of art, preserving for mankind not only the astonishing works of Michelangelo in the Sistine Chapel and the peerless frescoes of Raphael, but also some of the greatest works of art belonging to antiquity which lay for centuries hidden away in the soil of Italy.
Agony—The famous group of Laocoon
Laocoon's torture, dignifying pain - A father's love and mortal agony With an immortal patience blending.
Bower of St. Anthony, Vatican gardens
In this lovely seclusion, we will not find it hard to forget the illusive hopes and stormy raptures of human life, which, as with Laocoon, are too often followed by the reaction of intense pain and crushing despair.
Bridge and Castle of St. Angelo
The statue nearest us, at the beginning of the left-hand parapet, represents the Apostle Paul and is by Paolo Romano ; opposite to it, but not seen from here, is one of the Apostle Peter by Lorenzetto.
The Tiber, the Castle of St. Angelo and St. Peter's Church
From this point of view the superstructure of the castle may be seen to good advantage, but, perhaps, not so much can be said of the angel, who has more the appearance of an eagle than of a celestial being.
Looking southwest from Monte Pincio
There is the Piazza del Popolo just below us. This Circle and the Pincio Gardens behind us are used as the public promenade of the city ; its charming avenues and shady paths are brightened by the glint of the sunshine upon the busts and statues of distinguished Romans which are found on every hand.
Pantheon; pride of Rome
In 609, Boniface IV consecrated the Pantheon as a Christian church and called it Santa Maria ad Mar-tyres, and to this circumstance alone is due the fact that it remains to the present day the best preserved monument of ancient Rome.
Palace of the Senators and Capitol Tower
There is the Palace of the Senators or the Capitol, beyond those stairs, with the tower rising above it. When on the Janiculum Hill we saw this tower, but we were not able to distinguish its clock.
The renowned statue of Marcus Aurelius
What a wealth of architectural splendor is here spread out before us! Surely such a scene is worthy of the glorious memories that cluster so thickly about this historic spot. In the background is the Palace of the Senators, whose imposing façade was constructed by Rainaldi in 1592, after the designs of Michelangelo.
Temple of Vespasian, Arch of Septimius Severus
In the distance we are looking, as the general map of Rome shows, over the Esquiline Hill. Off to the right, above a nearer church, we see the arches of the Basilica of Constantine, and to the extreme right, beyond, the northern side of the Colosseum.
The Roman Forum
We are looking east by south now. Those five columns of the Temple of Saturn, (a part of which was seen before on our right), now stand up majestically a little to our left. On our extreme left are the arches of the Constantine Basilica, and farther away, more to the right, is the Colosseum.
Forum and Capitol from near the Basilica of Constantine
There in the distance to the left, surmounted by a square tower, is the Capitol, from which we have been looking. Down in front of it are the columns of the Temples of Saturn and of Vespasian, and the Arch of Septimius Severus, all of which were just at our feet when we were looking in this direction.
The Roman Forum
This brings us to the ruins of buildings on the south side of the Forum. Nearest us on this south side is that spacious and noble pavement laid upon a foundation of ponderous masonry, the site of the Basilica Julia.
Column of Phocas, and columns of Temple of Saturn
We are indeed in the midst of the Roman Forum. What innumerable companies of people have been crowded within this area ! What illustrious men have walked here glancing up at temples and columns as we do now! Objects of antiquity lie all about us.
Forum and Capitol from near the Basilica Constantine
From the map we know that the ruins of the Basilica of Constantine are directly to our right the heavy mass of masonry near the limit of our vision on the right is part of its western wall.
the Colosseum
Did you ever see anything grander that that almost incomprehensible immensity, the Roman Colesseum? I am sure I never did, and I have seen most of the world's greatest wonders.
Stupendous interior of the Colosseum
There, lifted high above us, to the right is the break in the top of the wall with the two steps leading down to it which we saw when looking from near the Arch of Titus. Thus we can see, then, that we are looking to the amphitheater's northern side. The buildings seen through the arcades on the right are on the Esquiline Hill.
The Palatine Hill from the Colosseum
The hill seen in the distance beyond the Palatine is the Janiculum, and, as we know, the Sacra Via, the Forum and Capitol lie off to our right. To look in that direction we will move from the northern to the extreme southern side of the Colosseum, a point on the ruins farther to the left than we can now see.
The Sacra Via
Down on our left is the Arch of Constantine, and beyond that is the Palatine Hill ; the Sacra Via stretches away before us beneath the beautiful Arch of Titus; still farther is the Forum, and in the distance, to the right, is the tower-crowned Capitol.
Triumphal Arch of Constantine
While the Arch of Titus is conceded by experts to be the most perfect in existence, to the ordinary beholder this is by far the most attractive. It has stood here for nearly sixteen centuries, having been erected in A. D. 315, to commemorate the victory of the first Christian Emperor, Constantine, over his rival Maxentius.
The magnificent baths of Caracalla
Turning north again past the Colosseum and the Roman Forum, we go now to the Forum of Trajan. On the map we find Trojan's Forum a short distance to the north of the Capitoline Hill. The two red lines found there show that we are to look slightly north of west.
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