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Railroads America - Strange Experiences
The builders of the western railroads in the United States had many adventures with the Indians and travellers over the completed lines not infrequently saw redmen making hostile demonstration against the locomotives that crossed the buffalo country and made it increasingly difficult for the hunters to bring in meat.
Railroads America - The Road Across The Keys
Every important railroad has tackled great engineering problems in constructing its lines. The western roads of the United States had to overcome waterless deserts and mountain fastnesses; in the east the difficulties were of a different nature, but they taxed ingenuity and skill.
Railroads America - The Web Of Rails Around Manhattan Island
Until a comparatively recent date there were no railways through New York City. That great metropolis, with its wonderful harbor, was the terminus for many roads, but through traffic between New England and the South had to make a detour around the city in order to obtain uninterrupted railroad transit.
Railroads America - Up Pike's Peak
From this railroad one has a superb view of the Garden of the Gods and the great plains to the east, and to the west a panorama of the soaring snow-capped mountains that make up the Continental Divide. The train runs along steep precipices and finishes with a straight climb on a gradient of 25 feet in 100 to the topmost point of Pike's Peak.
Railroads America - Trains And Tracks
There was little luxury to travel on the pioneer railroads. Trains were often delayed and passengers went hungry. The cars were flimsily built and shook and jolted and creaked over the rude roadbeds. Stoves provided the heat, which was apt to be too much for those travellers near them and too little for those at a distance.
Railroads South America - Over The Andes
Travel in South America goes north and south, generally speaking, and the main highways lie along the two oceans. This is due to the circumstances that most of the population dwell at the seaports and that the most fertile territory is adjacent to the coasts.
Railroads South America - A Railway In The Air
The longest aerial railway in the world has been constructed in the Republic of Colombia in South America to serve the coffee trade. The town of Manizales is the centre of the district most favorable to the cultivation of the coffee bean.
Railroads Europe - The Snows Of Scandinavia
Far to the north in Europe engineers have built some of the most remarkable railroads of that continent. These are the lines that cross the Scandinavian peninsula in various directions, roads that do not cover vast stretches of territory, but that have been constructed through snow-bound and hostile country.
Railroads Europe - In The Alps
Within a comparatively small area Switzerland shows some of the most remarkable triumphs of railroad building, both in surmounting the lofty peaks that are the country's great natural glory and in driving roads through the mountain ranges that would otherwise be a barrier to the flow of traffic between northern and southern Europe.
Railroads Europe - International Roads
The first railroad in France, the Paris and St. Germain, was opened in 1837. The tracks covered eleven miles, and the performance of the locomotive was regarded as a prodigious triumph.
Railroads Asia - Across Siberia
Much of Siberia is a great plain, and to build a railroad across it from Moscow in Russia to Vladivostok on the Sea of Japan presented no special engineering difficulties ; the chief problem with which the builders had to cope was that of bringing supplies, wood, water, food, and labor from the base to the rail-head.
Railroads Asia - The Transcaspian Road
South of Siberia the Russian Empire had, in the nineteenth century, penetrated into Central Asia, and desired to link up various points in that turbulent region with strategical railroads. One of the projects was to build from Uzun-Ada to the oasis of Kizil Arvat, a distance of 145 miles.
Railroads Asia - Up And Down India
It was under the engineering supervision of Robert Stephenson that the first railroad in India was built by the Great Indian Peninsula Railway Company, chartered to construct a line from Bombay to Kalyan, a distance of 34 miles. The gauge of this road was 5 feet 6 inches, the standard Indian broad gauge.
Trees With Flowers Or Fruits - The Viburnums
The honeysuckle family, which includes a multitude of ornamental shrubs, furnishes two genera with three representatives. Handsome foliage, showy flowers, and at-tractive fruits justify the popularity of this family in gardens and parks.
Trees With Flowers Or Fruits - The Mountain Ashes
The handsome foliage and showy flower clusters make the mountain ashes a favorite group of little trees for border shrubberies and other ornamental planting. The foliage is almost fern-like in delicacy and it spreads in a whorl below the flower clusters in spring and the scarlet berry clusters in autumn.
Trees With Flowers Or Fruits - The Rhododendron
Azaleas, the multitude of the heathers, the huckleberries, the madronas, call to mind flower shows we have seen—under glass, in gardens, in parks, and among mountain fastnesses brightened by the loveliness of the mountain laurel, azalea, and rhododendron.
Trees With Flowers Or Fruits - The Mountain Laurel
The mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia, Linn.) grows from Nova Scotia to Lake Erie and southward through New England and New York, and along the Alleghanies to northern Georgia.
Trees With Flowers Or Fruits - The Madrona
The madrona (Arbutus Menziesii, Pursh.), another member of the Heath family, is one of the superbly beautiful trees in the forests that stretch from British Columbia southward into California.
Trees With Flowers Or Fruits - The Sorrel Tree
The sorrel tree, or sour-wood (Oxydendrum arboreum, DC.) belongs among the heaths. Its vivid scarlet autumn foliage is its chief claim to the admiration of gardeners.
Trees With Flowers Or Fruits - The Silver Bell Trees
The silver bell tree (Mohrodendron tetraptera, Britt.) earns its name in May when among the green leaves the clustered bell flowers gradually pale from green to white, with rosy tints that seem to come from the ruddy flower stems.
Trees With Flowers Or Fruits - The Sweet Leaf
Two genera of trees in this country are temperate zone representatives of a tropical family which furnishes benzoine, torax, and other valuable balsams of commerce.
Trees With Flowers Or Fruits - The Fringe Tree
Native to the middle and southern portions of the United States is a slender little tree (Chionanthus Virginica, Linn.), whose sister species inhabits northern and central China.
Trees With Flowers Or Fruits - The Laurel Family
As in many other instances, European gardeners have led in the appreciation of this American ornamental tree. However, New England has planted it freely in parks and gardens, and popularity will follow wherever it becomes known.
Trees With Flowers Or Fruits - The Witch Hazel
Eighteen genera compose the sub-tropical family in which hamamelis is the type. Two or three Asiatic species and one American are known.
Trees With Flowers Or Fruits - The Burning Bush
American gardeners cherish with regard that amounts almost to affection any shrub or tree which will lend color, especially brilliant color, to the winter landscape.
Trees With Flowers Or Fruits - The Sumacs
The sumach family contains more than fifty genera, confined for the most part to the warmer regions of the globe. Two fruit trees within this family are the mango and the pistachio nut tree. Commercially important also is the turpentine tree of southern Europe.
Trees With Flowers Or Fruits - The Smoke Tree
In its native haunts our American smoke tree is found in small isolated groves or thickets, along the sides of rocky ravines or dry barren hillsides in Missouri, Oklahoma, and Texas, and in eastern Tennessee and northern Alabama.
Trees With Flowers Or Fruits - The Hollies
The holly family, of five genera, is distributed from the north to the south temperate zones, with representation in every continent.
Orchard Trees - Apples
The pioneers made jellies and preserves out of the little green apples (see illustrations, pages 150-151), which lost some of their acrid quality by hanging on until after a good frost.
Orchard Trees - Plums
The genus prunus belongs to the rose family and includes shrubs and trees with stone fruits. Of the over one hundred species, thirty are native to North America; but ten of them assume tree form, and all but one are small trees.
Orchard Trees - Cherries
Small-fruited members of the genus prunus, wild and cultivated, are grouped under the popular name, cherries, by common consent. The pie cherry of New-England gar-dens is prunus cerasus, Linn.
Orchard Trees - Hawthorns
In the same rose family with apples, plums, cherries, and service-berries is listed the genus Crataegus, a shrubby race of trees, undersized as a rule, with stiff, zigzag branches set with thorns.
Orchard Trees - Service Berries
A small genus of pretty, slender trees related to apples, and in the rose family, has representatives in every continent of the Northern Hemisphere, and also in North Africa. Their natural range is greatly extended by the efforts of horticulturists, for the trees are among the best flowering species.
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