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Trees With Flowers Or Fruits - The Magnolias
Four of the ten genera in the magnolia family are represented in North America. Of these, two are trees.
Trees With Flowers Or Fruits - The Dogswoods
Foliage of exceptional beauty is the distinguishing trait of the trees in the cornel family, from the standpoint of the landscape gardener and the lover of the woods.
Coaching Days And Ways - The Stagecoach
Travelling by stagecoach, even in fair weather, however, had its hardships as well as its pleasures, especially when part of the journey was made at night. David Copperfield, when sent away to school, had an outside seat on a coach that left Yarmouth at three in the afternoon and was due in London about eight next morning.
Railroads England - Inns
The inn was of great importance in coaching days, for it was there that the traveller, having ridden perhaps for hours in a cramped position, buffeted by wind or rain, chilled by the cold of winter or scorched by the summer's sun, hungry and thirsty, could rest and refresh himself at the blazing fire on the hearth or in the shade of the garden.
Railroads England - Adventures With Highway Men
There were plenty of highwaymen to be met with in coaching days, for these gentry frequented every main road in England. Hounslow Heath on the Great West Road and Finchley Common on the Great North Road were their favorite resorts, but on every open common and steep hill coaches might be held up by masked men armed with pistols.
Railroads England - The Steam Railway
Men probably laughed at Roger Bacon, who said about 1216 that carriages would some day move without horses, and they certainly laughed at Solomon de Caus, a Frenchman, who was confined in an asylum in Paris on account of his mad notions, among which was the proposition that steam might be employed for the propulsion of carriages on land and ships at sea.
Railroads England - George Stephenson's Locomotives
The principal test of the success of the locomotive was its economy as compared with horse power, and it was found that at first the working of the engine was barely economical and at the end of the first year's trial the steam power and the horse power were practically upon a par in point of cost.
Railroads England - The First Railroad Projects
Up to this time the main impetus to the construction of railways had come from the owners of collieries; but now an additional incentive appeared in the field. Improved facilities for shipping cotton were needed even more than for shipping coal, and the attention of those interested in steam railroads was diverted from the mining districts of England to the great trade centres of Liverpool and Manchester.
Railroads England - Plans For A Railway From Liverpool To Manchester
In regard to the charge that locomotives would so frighten horses that it would be difficult to travel on horseback or plough fields in the vicinity of the railway he said that horses quickly learned to take no notice of them and that in the neighborhood of Killingworth the cattle went on grazing while the engines steamed by them.
Railroads England - The Building Of The Rocket
The chief improvement over other locomotives that was made in the Rocket was the use of the multitubular boiler. The boiler was made cylindrical with flat ends, six feet in length, and three feet four inches in diameter. The upper half of the boiler was used as a reservoir for the steam and the lower half was filled with water.
Railroads England - Opening Of The Liverpool And Manchester Railway
With the successful performance of the Rocket work on the road between Liverpool and Manchester was pushed forward with fresh vigor and enthusiasm. As Stephenson had promised, a single line was completed by the first of January, 1830, and the Rocket, pulling a coach full of directors, engineers and friends, journeyed over the entire length of Chat Moss and also over the greater portion of the road between the two cities.
Railroads England - The Midland Railway
The Midland Railway, which is one of the most important systems of England, resulted, in part at least, from the rivalry between the coalfields of Leicestershire and Derbyshire. The bursting of the Charnwood Forest Canal in 1799 had deprived the mines of Leicestershire of almost all suitable communications, the owners of the collieries had considered many propositions for getting their coals to market.
Railroads England - The Battle Of The Gauges
The gauge of the first English railways had been the width of the tramroads in use in the colliery districts. George Stephenson had adopted this gauge not on any scientific theory but simply because it was the gauge in common use on the coal roads.
Railroads England - Some Great Roads
The history of railroads in England is indissolubly linked with the names of George Stephenson and his son Robert. What the father originated the son carried on; from the opening of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway they worked together on many great engineering enterprises and in the improvement of locomotives.
Railroads America - Travels In The Colonies
Among the most important of the early turnpikes was the one known as the National Road, which was first built from Cumberland to Wheeling and afterwards extended. This was a fine highway and during one period there were four lines of stagecoaches employed on it, the National Line, Pioneer, Good Intent, and June Bug.
Railroads America - Needs Of The New Republic
As pioneers moved from the rocky fields of New England to the fertile Genesee Valley and as other adventurers crossed the Alleghanies the requirements of better means of communication and transport increased apace.
Railroads America - The Stourbridge Lion And Tom Thumb
It was a locomotive built on George Stephenson's plan that inaugurated the new era in American transportation. Horatio Allen went to England and, having studied the Rocket and others of Stephenson's engines, tried to get the inventor to construct three locomotives for him.
Railroads America - The De Witt Clinton And Old Ironsides
The Mohawk and Hudson Railroad had been running cars drawn by horses for some time on its line between Albany and Schenectady when in 1831 it ordered a locomotive built at the West Point Foundry. This engine, christened the De Witt Clinton, was the third constructed for actual railway use in the United States and the first to draw a passenger train in the northern section of the country.
Railroads America - Pioneer Railroad Travel In The East
Massachusetts was somewhat slower than some of the other states to build steam railroads, but when she had once begun proceeded ambitiously. The Boston and Lowell, the Boston and Providence, and the Boston and Worcester railroads were all opened for service in 1835.
Railroads America - Across The Alleghanies
As in England, so in Pennsylvania it was the needs of the coal mines that led to the first use of railways. The Delaware and Hudson Canal Company—which brought the Stourbridge Lion to the United States in 1829—had built a gravity railroad in 1828 for the purpose of carrying coal to convenient shipping points.
Railroads America - The Linking Of The Continent
For years argument was rife as to the best route for a railroad to the Pacific and gradually three came to be generally considered. One route, originally sponsored by Asa Whitney, a New York merchant and wide traveller, ran north from Chicago to the coast.
Railroads America - Building The Central Pacific
A marvellous enterprise this was, a feat worthy to take rank with the greatest engineering projects of history. Two bands of men, starting from opposite directions, were to move across plains and mountains, over arid deserts and blizzard-swept ranges and through a country where Indians were frequently on the war-path, and spin an iron thread that should link the Atlantic Ocean and Europe with the Pacific Ocean and Asia.
Railroads America - Building The Union Pacific
The Union Pacific Railroad was organized on a different plan from the Central Pacific. The Central Pacific was chartered by the state government to build in California; it was a private company and in that capacity it had sought aid from the national government.
Railroads America - The Race To The Goal
The plan of crossing the northern arm of the Great Salt Lake was abandoned on account of the depth of the water and the muddy bottom. The railroad must make a detour from Ogden to the north of the lake and climb the steep Promontory Ridge.
Railroads America - The Completion Of The Line
On the following day the two railroads, working easily, laid their rails to the meeting-place. May first the two lines were separated by only a pair of rails each. West the tracks ran 690 miles to Sacramento, east 1086 miles to Omaha.
Railroads America - Great Railroads Of The West
The railroads of England in general followed highways of travel already well established and linked town with town for the greater convenience in business and pleasure of the inhabitants ; those of the United States, except in the strip of territory adjacent to the Atlantic coast, preceded the settlement of the country, marked the routes along which industry was to build, and were the pioneers of the nation's development.
Railroads America - The Northwest
The obstacles encountered by the Northern Pacific were largely financial; when funds could be obtained the laying of tracks through North Dakota and Montana went on, when the road's bankers were in difficulties the work stopped until money was easier.
Railroads America - An Adventure Of The Civil War
There is a Civil War story of a captured locomotive that is celebrated. Early in the war Confederate troops held the eastern section of Tennessee, including the city of Chattanooga, which was an important strategic point.
Railroads Canada - The Transcontinental Road Of Canada
There was a splendid audacity in the proposal to build a railroad from the Atlantic to the Pacific across the vast tract of Canada. On the eastern seaboard—when the project was first broached—there were less than five million people settled in a narrow fringe along the boundary between Canada and the United States.
Railroads Canada - Travels In Canada
The railroad has made Canada. Without the locomotive that vast area, incalculably rich in natural resources, stretching from the St. Lawrence, the Great Lakes and the Rocky Mountains north to the Arctic Ocean, would remain largely unsettled, unproductive, inaccessible to the world.
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