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How To Recognize A Cactus
All plants belonging to the Cactus Family have five characteristics in common, which are described briefly and simply as follows...
How To Start A Cactus Garden
THERE are several ways to start a cactus garden, and the method to be chosen depends upon many factors, most important of which is the attitude of mind of the person proposing to start it.
Indoor Cactus Garden
IF it is intended to establish a cactus garden in the colder or more humid sections of the country, it is well to remember that a very great many of the members of this group of plants are natives of arid, tropical or semi-tropical countries.
Outdoor Cactus Garden
True lovers of cacti see to it that their plants have a chance to enjoy living in an outdoor garden for at least part of the year if it is possible to do so. This can be arranged with very little trouble or expense.
Building The Outdoor Cactus Garden
THE previous chapter discusses some of the foundation work necessary in building a successful outdoor cactus garden. We are now ready to consider the important problem of the retaining wall construction.
Cactus Garden or Desert Garden?
ONE of the very important questions to be decided is what kind of garden we wish to have. The reader may be quite surprised that such a question should be raised, because he has probably been under the impression that the cactus garden is the only kind of a garden that can properly be considered in this discussion.
Succulents Other Than Cacti
SUCCULENTS are so important a factor in all desert gardens and are so intimately associated with cacti in literature that it is very essential to have a rather clear understanding as to what kind of plants comprise this group and some of the uses that can be made of them.
Rock Garden
NO BOOK on cactus culture is satisfactory without a discussion of the rock garden. Such a garden is adaptable to a multitude of conditions, and it satisfies the eternal human longing to have something different.
Cactus Nurslings
Thoughtful men and women, however, are coming to realize that, when they add a mature cactus specimen to their collection, they are, in a measure, cheating themselves —they are missing the larger part of the pleasure in that plant which of right should be theirs.
Cactus Grafting
GRAFTING is a very interesting method of propagating plants. It consists of uniting a small piece (scion) of one plant with another rooted plant (stock).
Cactus - Insects And Disease
THE pages of history do not record the number of examples of fine enthusiasm for cacti that have been wrecked on these twin rocks of tragedy, insects and disease.
Feeding Cacti
THE climatic and soil conditions which have molded members of the Cactus Family into fantastic forms and clothed them with protective vestments have done more than modify their external appearances.
Life Of Trees
How can this miracle take place? How does the tree come into full leaf, sometimes within a fraction of a week? It could never happen except for the store of concentrated food that the sap dissolves in spring and carries to the buds, and for the remarkable activity of the cambium cells within the buds.
Growth Of A Tree
The great chestnut tree on the hillside has cast its bur-den of ripe nuts, flung down the empty burs, and given its yellow leaves to the autumn winds. Now the owner has cut down its twin, which was too near a neighbor for the well-being of either, and is converting it into lumber.
Fall Of The Leaves
It is November, and the glory of the woods is departed. Dull browns and purples show where oaks still hold their leaves. Beech trees in sheltered places are still dressed in pale yellow.
How Trees Spend The Winter
Nine out of every ten intelligent people will see nothing of interest in a row of bare trees. They casually state that buds are made in the early spring. They miss seeing the strength and beauty of tree architecture which the foliage conceals in summertime.
Nut Trees - The Walnuts
Hickories are included with their near relatives, the walnuts, in one of the most important of all our native tree groups. They are distinct, yet they have many traits in common—the flowers and the nut fruits, the hard resinous wood, with aromatic sap and leaves of many leaflets, in-stead of a single blade.
Nut Trees - The Hickories
Americans have a right to be proud that the twelve hickory species are all natives of this country. Eleven of the twelve are found in the eastern half of the United States; one, only, strays into the forests of Mexico. No other country has a native hickory.
Nut Trees - The Beech
A genus near of kin includes the beech trees of the Southern Hemisphere, twelve species in all. There is closer resemblance, however, between our beeches and their next of kin, the chestnuts' and oaks.
Nut Trees - The Chestnuts
Besides this mode of reproduction, chestnut trees, growing here and there throughout a mixed forest, are the off-spring of trees whose nuts were put away, or dropped and lost by squirrels.
Nut Trees - The Oaks
This is the great family of the cup-bearers, whose fruit, the acorn, is borne in a scaly cup that never breaks into quarters, as does the husk that holds a chestnut, beechnut, or hickory nut. All oak trees bear acorns as soon as they come to fruiting age.
Nut Trees - Horse Chestnuts, Buckeyes
At the head of this family stands a stately tree, native of the mountains of northern Greece and Asia Minor, which was introduced into European parks and planted there as an avenue tree when landscape gardening came into vogue.
Trees - The Lindens, Or Basswoods
This tropical family, with about thirty-five genera, has a single tree genus, tilia, in North America. This genus has eighteen or twenty species, all told, with representatives in all temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, with the exception of Central America, Central Asia, and the Himalayas.
Water Loving Trees - The Poplars
The wood of poplars, soft, weak, and of slight value for fuel or lumber, has within two decades come into a position of great economic importance.
Water Loving Trees - The Willows
Along the watercourses the willow family finds its most congenial habitat. It is a very large family, numbering more than one hundred and seventy species, which are, however, mostly shrubs rather than trees.
Water Loving Trees - The Hornbeams
Two genera of little trees in the same family with the birches are frequently met in the woods, often modestly hiding under the larger trees. One is the solitary representative of its genus : the other has a sister species.
Water Loving Trees - The Birches
Grace and gentility of appearance are attributes-of this most interesting, attractive, and valuable family of trees. Shabby gentility, one may insist, thinking of the untidy, frayed-out edges that adorn the silky outer bark of almost every birch tree in the woods.
Water Loving Trees - The Alders
Closely related to the hornbeams and birches is a genus of small water-loving trees that grow rapidly and serve definite, special uses in the Old and New World. The genus alnus includes twenty species, nine of which grow in North America; six of these reach the height of trees.
Water Loving Trees - The Sycamores, Or Buttonwoods
The exactions of city life limit the number of tree species that will do well. Our native sycamore patiently endures the foul breath of factory chimneys, and helps, in the smallest, downtown city parks, to make green oases in burning deserts of brick and stone pavements.
Water Loving Trees - The Gum Trees
Southern people talk more about gum trees than people in the North. Two of our three native species of Nyssa belong solely to southern swamps, and the third, which comes north to Canada, is oftener called by other names.
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