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Angels In Art - Introduction
ANGELS and archangels, cherubim and seraphim, and all the glorious hosts of heaven were a fruitful source of inspiration to the oldest painters and sculptors whose works are known to us.
Archangels - Saint Michael
THE archangels alone have names, and being known to us by them, as well as in connection with certain important events in heaven and on earth, we involuntarily think of them with a more intimate and, at the same time, a more reverent and sympathetic feeling than we can possibly have for the numberless nameless angels of the heavenly choir.
The Archangel Gabriel
THE Archangel Gabriel is mentioned by name but twice in the Old Testament. First in Daniel viii., 16, when he explained the vision which the prophet had seen, and again in Daniel ix., 21, when Gabriel appeared to Daniel to give him skill and under-standing.
The Archangel Raphael
THE Archangel Raphael is esteemed as the guardian angel of the human race. He especially protects the young and innocent, and guards pilgrims and travellers from harm.
Guardian Angels, Angel Choristers, And Adoring Angels
FROM the classification of the angelic hosts by the early theologians, and the special duties assigned to each class, we learn that the word angels, as ordinarily used, refers to archangels and angels only.
Pictures Of Angels As Authorized By The Scriptures
BESIDES the representations of angels in art in accordance with the imagination of individual artists, there are two important classes of angelic subjects, one of which rests upon the authority of the Scriptures, and the other upon that of the sacred legends.
Pictures Which Illustrate Scripture And Legend
IN whatever light one may regard the sacred legends of the early Church, it is not possible to understand the representations of angels in Art without some knowledge of these ancient traditions.
Angels In Pictures Of The Virgin Mary
THE pictures of the Madonna, or Virgin Mary, may be divided into two classes; the devotional, which illustrate the doctrines or teaching of the early Church, and the historical, or the representation of the actual scenes in the life of the Mother of Christ.
Saints In Art - A
AGATHA, ST. (5th February) - According to the legend was a Christian maiden of Catania, in Sicily, in the reign of the Emperor Decius. Quintianus, who was sent to govern Sicily, when he heard of her beauty and virtue, sent for her, and tried by all means in his power to get her for himself.
Saints In Art - B
BARBARA, ST. (Patroness of Armourers and Fortifications). (4th December) - According to legend, she was the daughter of a nobleman, named Dioscorus, of Heliopolis. He loved her so dearly that, fearful lest she should be taken from him in marriage, he shut her up in a solitary tower.
Saints In Art - C
CATHERINE, ST. (Patroness of Philosophy, Learning, Schools, and Colleges).(25th November) - Called St. Catherine of Alexandria, or in Italian "delle Ruote," to distinguish her from others of the name. According to legend, St. Catherine was the daughter of Costis, a brother of Constantine the Great, and of Sabinella, daughter of the King of Egypt.
Saints In Art - D
DUNSTAN, ST. (19th May) - Born in 924, and educated at the Abbey of Glastonbury, where he became a monk. He was a favourite of King Athelstan, and Archbishop of Canterbury in the reign of Edgar. The important part he played in the history of the period is well known.
Saints In Art - E
EDMUND, ST. (King and Martyr). (20th November) - A king of the East Angles, who, after being defeated in battle by the Danes, in 870, was shot at with arrows, and then beheaded.
Saints In Art - F
FAUSTINUS and JOVITA, SS. (15th February) - Patron Saints of Brescia. Two brothers who suffered martyrdom under Hadrian about 120. They are often associated in pictures with St. Apollonius, Bishop of Brescia.
Saints In Art - G
GABRIEL, ST. (the Archangel, primarily the messenger angel). (18th March) - He foretold the birth of St. John the Baptist, and of the Virgin Mary, but his chief importance in art is as the Angel of the Annunciation.
Saints In Art - H
HELENA, ST. (See also ST. SYLVESTER.) (8th August. Invention of the Cross, 3rd May). - There is good authority for believing that St. Helena, was a British woman, though her parentage and place of birth are much disputed.
Saints In Art - I
IGNATIUS LOYOLA, ST. (the Founder of the Jesuits). (31st July) - Born in Spain in 1491, he became a page at the Court of King Ferdinand. He entered the army, but was severely wounded in 1521, and his career was entirely changed.
Saints In Art - J
JAMES, ST. (The Great). (Biblical.) (Fr. ST. JACQUES MAJEUR ; Ital. SAN GIACOMO, or JACOPO, MAGGIORE ; Span. SAN JAGO, or SANTIAGO.) (25th July) - The Patron Saint of Spain, where, according to tradition, he preached the Gospel, and, in obedience to a command given to him by the Virgin in a vision, built a church on the banks of the Ebro.
Saints In Art - L
LAMBERT, ST. (Bishop of Maestricht). (17th September) - He lived in the dark period of the later Merovingian kings, and dared to remonstrate with Pepin, the " Maire du Palais," for his conduct.
Saints In Art - M
MAGI (the Wise Men or the Three Kings). (Biblical.) (6th January) - The mediaeval legend names the three wise men Caspar, Melchior, and Balthasar—the first being about sixty years of age, the second about forty, and the third, sometimes a Moor or negro, about twenty.
Saints In Art - N
NAZARIUS and CELSUS, SS. (two martyrs of Milan). (28th July) - Legend says that St. Nazarius was the son of a Christian mother, who had him baptised by St. Peter.
Saints In Art - O
OMOBUONO, ST. (Patron Saint of Tailors). (13th November) - A merchant of Cremona ; regarded as the protector of that city, and the patron and example of all good citizens.
Saints In Art - P
PANTALEON, ST. (Patron of Physicians). (27th July) - Born at Nicomedia, in Bithynia, he became, according to tradition, while still a young man, the favourite physician of the Emperor Galerius Maximian.
Saints In Art - R
RANIERI, ST. (Fr. ST. REGNIER). (The Patron Saint of Pisa.) (17th June) - Born about 1100. On his conversion from the vanities of the world he went to Palestine, and lived for twenty years as a hermit.
Saints In Art - S
SABINA, ST. (29th August) - A noble Roman matron of the second century, martyred in the reign of Hadrian. The church built on the Aventine, on the site of her house, existed as early as 423 A.D.
Saints In Art - T
THECLA, ST. (Apocryphal N. T.). (23rd September) - A virgin and martyr, popular in very early times, and honoured in the Greek Church as the first female martyr.
Saints In Art - U
URSULA, ST. (Patroness of Girls and the Teachers of Girls). (21st October) - Was, according to legend, a British (or Bretonne) Princess of Christian parents, beautiful, virtuous, and of wondrous learning.
Saints In Art - V
VERONICA, ST. (4th February) - An old tradition says, that as CHRIST was bearing His cross to Calvary, a woman, seeing the drops of agony, wiped his brow with her veil or handkerchief, and that His features remained impressed upon it.
Saints In Art - W
WALBURGA, ST. (WALPURGIS, VALPURGE, or GUALBOURG). (25th February) - Was the niece of St. Boniface, and passed twenty-seven years of her life at the monastery of Winburn, in Dorset.
Saints In Art - Z
ZENO, ST. (I2th April) - Bishop of Verona in the fourth century, and greatly revered in that city, where his church is famous. He was renowned for his charity and virtues, and, according to a doubtful tradition, was martyred under Julian the Apostate.
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