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Crossing The Alleghenies - The Old Pike
THE American aspiration has always been to go westward. In the early history of the Republic the Government gave great attention to the means of reaching the Western frontier, then cut off by what was regarded as the almost insurmountable barrier of the Alleghenies.
Chester And Lancaster Valleys
When Lancaster was the chief town of the Colonial frontier in. 1753, it was the place where Braddock's unfortunate expedition against Fort Duquesne at Pittsburg was organized and equipped, the work being mainly directed by Benjamin Franklin.
Susquehanna River
Coming towards it over the hills, the wide Susquehanna lies low in its broad valley, enclosed by the distant ridge of the Kittatinny bounding Cumberland County beyond the river.
Lincoln's Midnight Ride
It was from Harrisburg that Lincoln took the famous secret midnight ride, in long cloak and Scotch cap, which enabled him to escape attack and possible assassination when going to be inaugurated President in 1861.
Cumberland And Lebanon Valleys
Harrisburg stands in the centre of the great Appalachian Valley, where it is bisected by the broad Susquehanna. To the southwest it stretches away to the Potomac as the Cumberland Valley, and to the northeast it spreads across to the Schuylkill as the fertile Lebanon Valley.
Susquehanna Headwaters
Otsego Lake, the source of the Susquehanna River, is one of the prettiest lakes in New York State, and is at an elevation of eleven hundred feet above tide.
Beautiful Blue Juniata
The Juniata, flowing for a hundred miles from the heart of the Alleghenies, and breaking out of them through a notch cut down in the long ridge of the Tuscarora Mountain.
Standing Stone And Sinking Spring
Jack's Narrows is a pass even more contracted than that below Lewistown, and a profusion of shingle and broken stone covers its mountain sides, the deranged limestone strata in places standing almost upright.
Crossing The Mountain Top
At the base of the Bald Eagle Mountain, thirty-three miles from Tyrone, is the town of Bellefonte, another iron region, handling the products of the Bald Eagle and Nittany Valleys, and receiving its name from the Beautiful Fount which supplies the town with water.
Going Down The Conemaugh
The Conemaugh is the other stream of the Indians, and winding down its tortuous valley, with coal and iron all about, the railway comes to the settlement of Conemaugh, which spreads into the larger town of Johnstown, the seat of the great Cambria Steel Works.
Ligonier And Hannastown
The whole mountain district west of Johnstown is filled with coal mines, coke ovens and iron furnaces, this being the Pittsburg Coal District.
Braddock's Defeat
Braddock crossed the river and was caught in an ambush, eight hundred and fifty French and Indians surprising and defeating his force of about twenty-five hundred British regulars and Virginia Provincial troops, the loss being nearly eight hundred.
Pittsburg - The Great Iron City
In 1753, however, Washington with a surveying party was sent out by Virginia and carefully examined the site of Pittsburg, advising, on his return, that a fort should be built there to check the advance of the French, and the next year this was done.
Pittsburg Development
Pittsburg, after an almost exclusive devotion to manufacturing and business, began some years ago to cultivate artistic tastes in architecture, and has some very fine buildings.
Coal, Coke And Gas
The four counties adjoining Pittsburg turn out over thirty millions of tons of bituminous coal in a year.
The great petroleum fields lie in and near the Pittsburg region, in the basin of the Allegheny and Ohio Rivers, and extend from New York southwest to West Virginia, and also into Ohio.
Ascending The Allegheny
From Pittsburg, through bold and pleasing scenery, we ascend the Allegheny River, the broad channel flowing grandly around stately bends enclosed between high hills.
Visiting The Sunny South - Carolina
No further attempts at colonization were made until the seventeenth century, when new grants were issued, and the country was named Carolina in honor of King Charles I.
Wilmington And Fort Fisher
The interior of North Carolina adjoining the Sounds is largely swamp land, and the broad belt of forest, chiefly pines, which parallels the coast all along the Atlantic seaboard.
Charleston And Fort Sumter
The railway from Wilmington to the South at first goes westward through a region largely composed of swamps, and then entering South Carolina turns southward past Florence to Charleston.
Georgia - The City Of Savannah
The seacoast of South Carolina and Georgia is composed largely of deeply indented bays, with many islands, tortuous bayous, and a labyrinth of water ways bordered by dense vegetation.
Florida - The City Of Jacksonville
Jacksonville is well supplied with hotels and lodging-houses, which accommodate the crowds of winter visitors from the North, and it spreads into various suburban villages reached by steamboats and hard shell roads.
Florida - The Land Of Flowers
The French made no more attempts at settlement in Florida, and the Spaniards afterwards possessed it, though frequently being at war with the English. Spain finally ceded the Land of Flowers to the United States, which took final possession in 1821.
Some Florida Peculiarities
Florida is a strange region, yet most attractive. The traveller regards its surface as mainly a monotonous level of forest and swamp.
Florida - Ancient St. Augustine
St. Augustine, thirty-six miles southeast of Jacksonville, on the seacoast, is the oldest city in the United States, founded by Menendez in 1565, and existing to this day with the characteristics of a Spanish town of the sixteenth century.
Florida East Coast
All along the Atlantic shore of Florida south of St. Augustine are popular winter resorts, their broad and attractive beaches, fine climate and prolific tropical vegetation being among the charms that bring visitors.
Florida - Ascending St. John's River
The St. John's is the great river of Florida, rising in the region of lakes, swamps and savannahs in the lower peninsula, and flowing northward four hundred miles to Jacksonville, then turning eastward to the ocean.
Going Down The Ocklawaha
The Ocklawaha, the dark, crooked water, comes from the south, by tortuous, windings, through various lakes and swamps, and then turns east and southeast to flow into St. John's River, after a course of over three hundred miles.
Lower Florida And The Seminoles
South of the mouth of the Ocklawaha the St. John's River broadens into Lake George, the largest of its many lakes, a pretty sheet of water six to nine miles wide and twelve miles long.
Western Florida
Westward from Jacksonville, a railway runs through the pine forests until it readies the rushing Suwanee River, draining the Okifenokee swamp out to the Gulf, just north of Cedar Key.
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