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English Renaissance - Architectural Character
We have already studied the general architectural character of Renaissance in Europe, and traced its gradual adoption in different countries to suit different nationalities.
English Renaissance - Elizabethan Architecture
The Early Renaissance was heralded by a number of smaller monuments and fittings erected in existing churches, as in other countries.
English Renaissance - Jacobean Architecture
Hatfield House, Herts (A.D. 1607-11), built for Robert, first Earl of Salisbury, stands pre-eminent amongst the many noble piles of this period in displaying the special characteristics and elaboration of treatment considered suitable for the country mansion of a nobleman.
English Renaissance - Late Renaissance Architecture
The architecture of this period consists largely of the work of two of England's greatest architects—Inigo Jones and Sir Christopher Wren —and their best-known buildings will now be described.
English Renaissance - Georgian Architecture
It has already been stated that the character of Renaissance architecture depended largely on the personal whim and fancy of the architects, but by this period domestic architecture had become fairly standardised in treatment.
English Renaissance - Comparative Analysis
This Comparative Analysis covers Early Renaissance (Elizabethan and Jacobean periods) and Late Renaissance (Anglo-Classic and Georgian).
Modern Architecture In England
Modern architecture covers the period included in the reigns of William IV (A.D. 1830-37), Victoria (A.D. 1837-1901), Edward VII (A.D. 1901-10), and of our present King, George V.
Architecture - The Classic School
Pancras Church, London (A.D. 1819–22), in the Greek style, inspired by the Erechtheion, Athens, with hexastyle portico, vestries resembling the Caryatid Portico, and a steeple, which is a two-storeyed version of the Tower of the Winds, Athens.
Architecture - The Gothic School
There is no doubt whatever that the great World War (A.D. 1914–19) through which we have passed will influence every aspect of human life and affect the character of modern architecture.
Architecture Of The British Dominions
The development of architecture in the British dominions beyond the seas, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, has to a large extent followed the lead of the mother country in the adoption of the Classic, Gothic, and Renaissance styles.
Architecture In The United States
ANY notice of American architecture here must necessarily be of a suggestive rather than of a descriptive nature, for the architecture of that great continent, with all its daring originality and with its many ramifications, would require a volume to itself.
Indian Architecture - Influences
India, a great triangular peninsula of Southern Asia, covering an area fifteen times the size of Great Britain, is bounded on the north by the Himalaya Mountains and their lateral spurs, and on east, west, and south by the sea.
Indian Architecture - Architectural Character
The appearance of structural temples, of which none are left, can only be conjectured from that of the rock-cut temples, which, however, have only one facade, cut in the face of the rock.
Indian Architecture - Examples
The monuments can be divided into :—1. Stambhas or Lats. 2. Topes or Stupas. 3. Rails. 4. Chaityas. 5. Viharas.
Indian Architecture - Comparative Analysis
The Indian Museum, South Kensington, possesses a valuable collection of portions of original buildings and models of temples, monuments, and houses.
Chinese Architecture - Influences
The Chinese Empire, comprising China proper, Tibet, and Mongolia, covers a larger area than the whole of Europe.
Chinese Architecture - Architectural Character
The architecture of China is a faithful index of her civilisation, for both have been practically stationary through many centuries. It must be remembered that Chinese art has always found its chief outlet in painting, which gave full opportunity for the display of the Chinese instinct for fineness of line.
Chinese Architecture - Examples
The Temple of the Great Dragon, Pekin (A.D. 1420), circular and triple-roofed, stands in an enclosure measuring one square mile and containing the priests' dwellings.
Chinese Architecture - Comparative Analysis
Buddhist temples resemble those of India, consisting of successive open courts and porticoes with kitchens, refectories, and sleeping cells for the priests. The normal type consists of three lofty pavilions of one storey, with parallel open timber roofs, approached by broad flights of steps, gateways, and bridges.
Japanese Architecture - Influences
Japan, with its principal island, Nippon, and the long string of attendant isles to north and south, lies off the east coast of China, with the Pacific Ocean to the east and the Sea of Japan on the west.
Japanese Architecture - Architectural Character
Japanese architecture was largely derived from China, but has its own special character of minuteness in carving and decoration which gives it a graceful lightness and delicacy of design, contrasting forcibly with that of Egypt and Rome, in which the great idea was vastness of size and grandeur of proportion.
Japanese Architecture - Examples
The Buddhist Temples at Horiuji, Nara, and Nikko, like other examples, underwent little change from Chinese models, but the mountainous character of the country made it possible to form natural steps and terraces to the temple sites, instead of the built-up, stepped platforms of China.
Japanese Architecture - Comparative Analysis
Shinto temples are distinguished from Buddhist by having torii or gateways of upright pillars supporting two or more transverse beams, under which it is considered necessary to pass for prayers to be effectual.
Ancient American Architecture
THE indigenous architecture of Mexico and Peru owes most of its interest to its archeological aspect, and few words must suffice to explain its general character.
Saracenic Architecture - Influences
The term Saracen, perhaps derived from Sahara, a desert, was first applied by Greeks and Romans to nomad desert tribes west of the Euphrates, who harassed the borders of the Roman Empire, and the name was used by Christians in the Middle Ages for the followers of Mahomet, irrespective of nationality.
Saracenic Architecture - Architectural Character
The character of the style is difficult to describe because of its variation in countries whose inhabitants differed widely in origin, and where already existing types of architecture influenced that of the Saracen invaders.
Architecture - Arabian Saracenic
Arabia was the birthplace of the Mahometan religion, which there sprang up among a nomadic people who, as wanderers in the desert, had no permanent architecture.
Architecture - Syrian Saracenic
The Mosque-el-Aksah, Jerusalem (A.D. 691), is regarded as one of the ancient shrines of Islam and commemorates the supposed miraculous transport of the prophet from Mecca, in a single night, to the great Temple platform in Jerusalem, sacred alike to Jews, Christians, and Mahometans.
Architecture - Egyptian Saracenic
The Mosque of Amr, Cairo (A.D. 642), was erected by the two great building Caliphs, Abd-el-Melik and Walid, who utilised columns from Roman and Byzantine buildings to support characteristic Moslem arches.
Architecture - Spanish Saracenic
After the Moorish conquest of Spain in the eighth century and the establishment of the Western Caliphate at Cordova, many mosques were erected in the Peninsula, with the usual open court and rectangular prayer chamber of numerous arcades whose general features were largely determined by the use of Roman columns, capitals, and decorative carving found on the spot.
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