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Moth Mullein
Quite different from its heavy and sluggish looking sister is this sprightly, slender, fragile-flowered mullein.
Butter-and-eggs, Flaxweed
An immigrant from Europe, this plebeian perennial, meekly content with waste places, is rapidly inheriting the earth. Its beautiful spikes of butter-colored cornucopias, apparently holding the yolk of a diminutive Spanish egg, emit a cheesy odor, suggesting a close dairy.
Downy False Foxglove
The Smooth False Foxglove, which delights in rich woods, moist or dry, bears similar, but slightly larger blossoms on a smooth, usually branched, and taller stem, whose lower leaves especially are much cleft (pinnatifid).
Greater Bladderwort, Hooded Water-Milfoil
The Horned Bladderwort, found in sandy swamps, along the borders of ponds, marshy lake-margins, and in bogs from Newfoundland to Florida, westward to Minnesota and Texas, bears from one to six deliciously fragrant yellow flowers on its leafless scape from June to August.
Sweet Wild Honeysuckle or Woodbine
How does it happen that this vine, a native of Europe, is now so common in the Eastern United States as to be called the American woodbine ? Had Columbus been a botanist and wandered about our continent in search of flowers, he would have found very few that were familiar to him at home.
Bush Honeysuckle
One occasionally finds the pink and white twin-flowered Tartarian Bush Honeysuckle escaped from cultivation in the Eastern States through the agency of birds which feast upon its little round, red, translucent berries.
Common Dandelion
Only Italians and other thrifty Old-World immigrants, who go about then with sack and knife collecting the fresh young tufts, give the plants pause. But even they leave the roots intact. When boiled like spinach or eaten with French salad dressing, the bitter juices are extracted from the leaves or disguised.
Field Sow-thistle, Milk Thistle
It cannot be long, at their present rate of increase, before this and its sister immigrant become very common weeds throughout our entire area, as they are in Europe and Asia.
Tall or Wild Lettuce, Wild Opium
Few gardeners allow the table lettuce (saliva) to go to seed. But as it is next of kin to this common wayside weed, it bears a strong likeness to it in the loose, narrow panicles of cream-colored flowers, followed by more charming, bright white little pompons.
Orange or Tawny Hawkweed
Transplanted into the garden, the orange hawkweed forms a spreading mass of unusual, splendid color.
Golden Aster
Whoever comes upon clumps of these handsome flowers by the dusty roadside cannot but be impressed with the appropriateness of their generic name.
When these flowers transform whole acres into fields of the cloth-of-gold, the slender wands swaying by every roadside, and purple asters add the final touch of imperial splendor to the autumn landscape, already glorious with gold and crimson, is any parterre of Nature's garden the world around more gorgeous?
Tbe elecampane has not always led a vagabond existence. Once it had its passage paid across the Atlantic, because special virtue was attributed to its thick, mucilaginous roots as a horse-medicine. For over two thousand years it has been employed by home doctors in Europe and Asia.
It behooves a species related to the wonderful compass-plant to do something unusual with its leaves. Hence this one makes cups to catch rain by uniting its upper pairs.
False Sunflower, Ox-eye
Along the streams the numerous flower-heads of this gorgeous sunbearer shine out from afar, brightening a long, meandering course across the low-lying meadows.
Black-eyed Susan, Purple Cone-flower
So very many weeds having come to our Eastern shores from Europe, and marched farther and farther west year by year, it is but fair that black-eyed Susan, a native of Western clover fields, should travel toward the Atlantic in bundles of hay whenever she gets the chance.
Tall or Giant Sunflower
Formerly the garden species was thought to be a native, not of our prairies, but of Mexico and Peru, because the Spanish conquerors found it employed there as a mystic and sacred symbol, much as the Egyptians employed the lotus in their sculpture.
Lance-leaved Tickseed, Golden Coreopsis
Glorious masses of this prolific bloomer persistently outshine all rivals in the garden beds throughout the summer. Cut as many slender-stalked flowers and buds as you will for vases indoors, cut them by armfuls, and two more soon appear for every one taken.
Bur-marigold, Brook Sunflower
Next of kin to the golden coreopsis, it behooves some of the bur-marigolds to redeem their clan's reputation for ugliness. And certainly the brook sunflower is a not unworthy relative.
Sneezeweed, Swamp Sunflower
September, which also brings out lively masses of the swamp sunflower in the low-lying meadows, was appropriately called our golden month by an English traveller who saw for the first time the wonderful yellows in our autumn foliage, the surging seas of golden-rod, the tall, showy sunflowers.
Tansy, Bitter-buttons
Great credence having been given to its medicinal powers in Europe, it is not strange the colonists felt they could not live in the New World without tansy. Strong-scented pungent tufts topped with bright yellow buttons are a conspicuous feature along many a roadside leading to colonial homesteads.
Golden Ragwort, Squaw-weed
While the aster clan is the largest we have in North America, this genus Senecio is really the most numerous branch of the great composite tribe, numbering as it does nearly a thousand species, represented in all quarters of the earth.
Jack-in-the-Pulpit, Indian Turnip
In June and July the thick-set club, studded over with bright berries, becomes conspicuous, to attract hungry woodland rovers in the hope that the seeds will be dropped far from the parent plant. The Indians used to boil the berries for food.
Skunk or Swamp Cabbage
This despised relative of the stately calla lily proclaims spring in the very teeth of winter, being the first bold adventurer above ground.
Red, Wood, Flame, or Philadelphia Lily
Erect, as if conscious of its striking beauty, this vivid lily lifts a chalice that suggests a trap for catching sunbeams from fiery old Sol. Defiant of his scorching rays in its dry habitat, it neither nods nor droops even during prolonged drought.
Large Coral-root
To the majority of people the very word orchid suggests a millionaire's hothouse, or some fashionable florist's show window, where tropical air plants send forth gorgeous blossoms, exquisite in color, marvellous in form.
Adam and Eve, Putty-root
More curious than beautiful is this small orchid whose dingy flowers of indefinite color and without spurs interest us far less than the two corms barely hidden below ground.
Wild Ginger
Like the wicked servant who buried the one talent entrusted to his care, the wild ginger hides its solitary flower if not actually under the dry leaves that clothe the ground in the still leafless woodlands, then not far above them.
Dutchman's Pipe, Pipe-vine
After learning why the pitcher plant, Jack-in-the-pulpit, and skunk cabbage are colored and shaped as they are, no one will be surprised on opening this curious flower to find numbers of little flies within the pipe.
Fire Pink, Virginia Catchfly
The rich, glowing scarlet of these pinks that fleck the Southern woodland as with fire, will light up our Northern rock gardens too, if we but sow the seed under glass in earliest spring, and set out the young plants in well-drained, open ground in May.
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