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Barberry, Pepperidge-bush
When the twigs of barberry bushes arch with the weight of clusters of beautiful bright berries in September, every one must take notice of a shrub so decorative, which receives scant attention from us, however, when its insignificant little flowers are out.
Spice-bush, Wild Allspice, Fever-bush
Even before the scaly catkins on the alders become yellow, or the silvery velvet pussy willows expand to welcome the earliest bees that fly, this leafless bush breathes a faint spicy fragrance in the bleak gray woods.
Greater Celandine, Swallow-wort
The generic Greek name of the greater celandine, meaning a swallow, was given it because it begins to bloom when the first returning swallows are seen skimming over the water and freshly ploughed fields in a perfect ecstasy of flight.
Golden Corydalis
A dainty little plant, next of kin to the pink corydalis.
Black Mustard
Commentators differ as to which is the mustard of the parable—this common black mustard, or a rarer shrub-like tree (Salvadora Persica), with an equivalent Arabic name, a pungent odor, and a very small seed.
Nowhere more than in the naming of wild flowers can we trace the home-sickness of the early English colonists in America. Any plant even remotely resembling one they had known at home was given the dear familiar name.
Five-Finger, Common Cinquefoil
Every one crossing dry fields in the eastern United States and Canada at least must have trod on a carpet of cinquefoil, and have noticed the bright little blossoms among the pretty foliage, possibly mistaking the plant for its cousin, the trefoliate barren strawberry.
Yellow Avens, Field Avens
After the marsh marigolds have withdrawn their brightness from low-lying meadows, blossoms of yellow avens twinkle in their stead.
Tall or Hairy Agrimony
It is true the bumblebee may dwell among almost any flowers, but he has decided preferences for such showy ones as have adapted themselves to please his love of certain colors (not yellow), or have secreted nectar so deeply hidden from the mob that his long tongue may find plenty preserved when he calls.
Sensitive Pea, Wild or Small-flowered Sensitive Plant
How many of us ever pause to test the sensitiveness of this exquisite foliage that borders the roadsides, and in appearance is almost identical with the South American sensitive plants, so commonly cultivated in hothouses here?
Wild or American Senna
Whoever has seen certain Long Island roadsides bordered with wild senna, the brilliant flower clusters contrasted with the deep green of the beautiful foliage, knows that no effect produced by art along the drives of public park or private garden can match these country lanes in simple charm.
Wild Indigo, Yellow or Indigo Broom
Dark grayish green, clover-like leaves, and small, bright yellow flowers growing in loose clusters at the ends of the branches of a bushy little plant, are so commonly met with they need little description.
These insignificant little yellow flowers attract scant notice from human observers accustomed to associate their generic name with some particularly beautiful relatives from the West Indies grown in hothouses here.
Yellow or Hop Clover
The Blackseed Hop Clover, Black or Hop Medic, with even smaller, bright yellow oblong heads which turn black when ripe, lies on the ground, its branches spreading where they leave the root.
Wild or Slender Yellow Flax
The charming little European plant (L. usitatissimum), which has furnished the fibre for linen and the oily seeds for poultices from time immemorial, is only a fugitive from cultivation here.
Jewel-weed, Wild Balsam
Familiar as we may be with the nervous little seed pods of the touch-me-not, which children ever love to pop and see the seeds fly, as they do from balsam pods in grandmother's garden, they still startle with the suddenness of their volley.
Velvet Leaf, Indian Mallow, American Jute
There was a time, not many years ago, when this now common and often troublesome weed was imported from India and tenderly cultivated in flower gardens. In the Orient it and allied species are grown for their fibre, which is utilized for cordage and cloth.
St. Andrew's Cross
Because the four pale yellow petals of this flower approach each other in pairs, suggesting a cross with equals arms, the plant was given its name by Linnaeus in 1753.
Common St. John's-wort
The Shrubby St. John's-wort bears yellow blossoms, about half an inch across, which are provided with stamens so numerous, the many flowered terminal clusters have a soft, feathery effect.
Long-branched Frost-weed
Only for a day, and that must be a bright sunny one, does the solitary frost-flower expand its delicate yellow petals.
Beach or False Heather, Poverty Grass
The hoary, heath-like little shrub, by growing in large colonies and keeping up a succession of bright bloom, tinges the sand dunes back of the beach with charming color that artists delight to paint in the foreground of their marine pictures.
Yellow Violets
Fine hairs on the erect, leafy, usually single stem of the Downy Yellow Violet, whose dark veined, bright yellow petals gleam in dry woods in April and May, easily distinguish it from the Smooth Yellow Violet.
Eastern Cactus, Prickly Pear
In this common prickly pear cactus of the Atlantic seaboard, where the air is laden with moisture from the ocean, few or no spines are produced.
Evening-Primrose, Night Willow-herb
During our winter walks we shall see close against the ground the rosettes of year-old evening primrose plants—exquisitely symmetrical, complex stars from whose centre the flower stalks of another summer will arise.
Wild or Field Parsnip
From April to June the lower-growing Early or Golden Meadow Parsnip spreads its clearer yellow umbels above moist fields, meadows, and swamps from New Brunswick and Dakota to the Gulf of Mexico.
Four-leaved or Whorled Loosestrife
Money wort, or Creeping Loosestrife, a native of Great Britain, which has long been a favorite vine in American hanging baskets and urns, when kept in moist soil, suspended from a veranda, will produce prolific shoots two or three feet in length, hanging down on all sides.
Intensely brilliant clusters of this the most ornamental of all native milkweeds set dry fields ablaze with color. Above them butterflies hover, float, alight, sip, and sail away.
Horse-balm, Citronella
Now that we have come to read the faces of flowers much as their insect friends must have done for countless ages, we suspect at a glance that the strong-scented horse-balm, with its profusion of lemon-colored, irregular little blossoms, is up to some ingenious trick.
Virginia Ground Cherry
A common plant, so variable, however, that the earlier botanists thought it must be several distinct species, lanceolata among others.
Great Mullein, Velvet or Flannel Plant
Of what use is this felt-like covering to the plant ? The importance of protecting the delicate, sensitive, active cells from intense light, draught, or cold, have led various plants to various practices.
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